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    Civil War Tokens and Tradesman's Store Cards: a tentative list of the Civil War tokens, and store cards issued by the merchants of the United States, and used as money during the period from 1861 to 1864 (pg. 582)

    /1924 Tradesmen Store Cards

    Ostendorf Wm Ostrander D Ott Geo V Owen Taylor Mrs Packard W A J Packard Co Paeschke Carl Page J M Co Paige S B J A Pairin Chas Palmer F J F Palmer Goodsall Panzer B Parker A Parker E S Parker Geo H Parker H S Co Parker R R Parson G Parson Barlow Patrick James Passage Ticket from London to cago Patterson C S Patterson I N Patterson N Pearce J Pearce Co Pearson Bro Pease C A peck W G Peck D Co Peck Orvis Peck Pratt Peebles Pierce J W Perkin s Tea Store Pennoyer Larkin Pentz A C Perkins A T Perkins Wm Jr 0 Canton Ohio Cincinnati Ohio Chicago Illinois Cincinnati Ohio Mansfield Ohio Plainfield Indiana Findlay Ohio Chicago Illinois Jefferson Wisconsin Madison Wisconsin Wilmington Ohio P Youngstown Ohio West Greenville Pennsylvania Milwaukee Wisconsin Morenci Michigan


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    Presbury & Co's. Counterfeit Detector (pg. 7)

    /1850 Counterfeit Detector

    agricultural picture purporting to be engraved by the Eastern Bank Note Engraving Co Farmers jJIech Bank Burlington 1 Beware of drafts of Mechanics Exchange Co New York on above bank they are frauds 3 s let L pay to Chas Adams Aug 1 1837 3 s let E Sep 8 1837 pay D Nash T Hockley cashier 3 s let E pav D Cole Burlington Dec 12 1837 C F Warner cash Jno peck pres Others J Weekly cash _ _ T 3 s let L pay H Brown Dec 4 1837 C F War ner cash John Peck pres purporting to be engraved by A B C Durand Wright Co Appearance bad 3 s let D May 4 1837 Chas Ilenshaw pres H Broadhead cash Others F Hockley cash John Peck pres 5 s let B vig figure 5 men and horses on each side 5 s altered vig a female


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    Money of the American Colonies and Confederation: A Numismatic, Economic and Historical Correlation (pg. 113)

    /1993 Numismatics; Coins American; Bank notes

    ther had not the Crown arranged to buy the output of the mines at 8d per pound 22 To promote Devonian Cornish and regal interests the proposal was enacted that several Tower Mint commissioners would be granted a patent to mint tin farthings during the last two years of the reign of Charles II in 1684 and 1685 During the times of James II and through 1692 1 Craig Mint pp xiii 174 75 1X peck British Museum p 106n relates the present day farthing 1960 costs about a halfpenny to produce Peck British Museum p 106 J Harris Essay p 45 as quoted in Peck British Museum p 204 Barnard NC 1926 pp 343 44 21 Cal S P Dom vol CCXXX 75 Lewis Stannaries p 140n Craig Mint pp 178 79 Seaby English Coinage p 79 Peck British Museum pp 105 7 118 Feavea


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    Counterfeiting in colonial Rhode Island. (pg. 21)

    /1960 Counterfeiting Rhode Island

    and 7 passing one counterfeit and Abel was searched when his cousin was observed to slip him his pocketbook They were tried on September n when both were convicted of passing Each was placed in the pillory cropped and required to pay double damages and costs while the eighteen counterfeits taken from them were burnt 13 A much more serious ring of counterfeiters was headed by a woman Mary peck Butterworth of Rehoboth Massachusetts The story of how in 1716 she began to make bills in her kitchen has been recounted elsewhere 14 but it should be briefly mentioned that Mary s brother Nicholas Peck was tried and acquitted at Newport in September 1716 when he was charged with putting off a false 5 Rhode Island note Mary and her gang however continued their work undetected until Ar


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol. 1) (pg. 443)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    ing been made to him on the difficulties which had occurred in consequence of the ineffective directions contained in the Acts of Parliament 5 Geo IV ch 74 and G Geo IV ch 12 for regulating weights and measures in respect to heaped measures the diameter of the heaped bushel measure only being defined in the said Acts and the diameter of all the smaller measures viz the half bushel peck gallon half gallon and quart being thereby rendered uncertain his Lordship directed a representation to be made to the Lords Com missioners of His Majesty s Treasury on the subject whereupon the Lords Commissioners referred the matter for the opinion of the Com missioners of Weights and Measures and re ceived a report from Dr Wollaston thereon that it would be unnecessary to express


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    Money of the American Colonies and Confederation: A Numismatic, Economic and Historical Correlation (pg. 110)

    /1993 Numismatics; Coins American; Bank notes

    e Lord Maltravers refused to honor token farthings of the previous patentees thus swindling the public especiallv the poor out of vast sums His outward excuse was to discredit the volume of counterfeit tokens that had appeared over the years One denunciation against the patentees for their profiteering at popular expense referred to them as the very Laterpillers 5 Hume Caterpillers p 234 peck British Museum pp 2 7 Purvey Catalogue p 151 Hume Caterpillers p 234 Hume pp 236 39 suggests that copper alloy jettons or casting counters originally intended as mathematical aids may also have served as low denominational currency since these pieces frequently turn up in archeological sites Several of these jettons dating from the mid 16th century have been found in Virgin


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    Money of the American Colonies and Confederation: A Numismatic, Economic and Historical Correlation (pg. 126)

    /1993 Numismatics; Coins American; Bank notes

    uced in great numbers and sold at the rate of 28 to 30 worth for a good guinea 89 These coins circulated in areas where royal coppers were in short supply and did fill a need Atkins catalogued some 491 different varieties of evasives with many more recently discovered 9 80 Craig Mint p 253 81 Henry Series p 18 82 Newman Colonial Virginia p 33 83 Breen Num 1952 pp 7 24 81 peck British Museum p 206 Newman Studies pp 159 168 85 Barnard NC 1926 pp 342 46 8 Counterfeiting in the colonies is well described by Scott in his three monographs New York Pennsyl vania and Connecticut and by Glaser Counterfeiting 8 Peck British Museum pp 205 6 Barnard NC 1926 passim 88 Ruding Annals vol 2 p 80 Peck British Museum pp 206 7 81 Waters Imitation


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    Early Medieval Numismatic Bibliography (pg. 67)

    3/17/2018 Bibliography Medieval

    History Hibemo Danish Cnut Edward the Confessor Eadmund 2691 ciSNC 2692 MEC 2693 BNJi 2694 BNJi 2695 WOdV 2696 Gannon 2697 Feveile 2698 Gannon 2699 GW PASSMORE A D 1932 Correspondence Re An Ethelred II penny of Chippenham SNC 40 1932 Aug Sep pp 258 Aethelred II 9 PATTERSON C C 1972 Silver stocks and losses in ancient and medieval times EHR2 25 pp 205 35 Monetary Studies peck C W 1960 61 English Copper Tin and Bronze Coins in the British Museum addenda and corrigenda BNJ Collections Catalogues 30 195 96 PECK C W 1967 Addenda to 2nd ed BNJ 36 pp 196 98 pi aIld Sylloges PECK C W 1960 61 Photography of coins in monochrome and colour on 35mm film BNJ 30 pp 348 59 Miscellaneous PEDERSEN A 1986 En undersogelse af de nordiske sceattas og


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    Pennsylvania Railroad Medal for Heroic Service (pg. 4)

    /2018 Pennsylvania Railroad Medal Recipients

    ommittee to recommend awards based on the testimonials and applications submitted from time to time The committee reported back at the March 29 1923 meeting with rules for the award and an applica tion process a circular was developed for notice to employees dated July 1 1923 outlining the rules for the Heroic Service Medal Award program above the names of Samuel Rea President and George L peck Vice President of Personnel The correspondence in the file from the company secretary and amongst the committee members seems to be incomplete There are however two items regarding the design development that I would like to make note of There was some discussion on how the company name should be rendered The formats dis cussed were the Pennsylvania System or Pennsylvania Railroad System


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    The American accomptant; being a plain, practical and systematic compendium of Federal arithmetic in three parts : designed for use in the schools, and specially calculated for the commercial meridian of the United States of America. (pg. 33)

    /1797 Education

    fure It would be convenient to make ufe of a meafure upon the plan of the following Federal Yard Stick MS L iie i is 1 3t5 4IS J 6 R 5 JL SU L X 2 V X x 5 X 6 X 7 X 8 xx WYWY i il jpj rX 0 Fedf ral Dry Measure Let the Bufhel according to its prefent ilandard be the unit or integer and the only denomination ufed and the parts of a Bufh el as it is now divided by pecks and gal lons be exprefled in decimals of a bufhel and marked upon the meafares according to the following Table viz An half peck or i gallon i Peck or 2 gallons Peck or 3 gallons Bufhel or 4 gallons 2 Pecks or 5 gallons 3 Peek or 6 gallons 3 Pecks or 7 gall ons j Federal Apoth ec ary Wei ght 0 The common Gram junalterca 10 Crains equal 1 Scruple 10 Scruples 1 Dram


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    Counterfeiting in colonial Rhode Island. (pg. 94)

    /1960 Counterfeiting Rhode Island

    n 63 Nichols Jonathan 40 Nichols Kendal 38 Nichols Sarah 38 Noble Arthur 7 Ollin 50 Olney John 33 Ormsby Jonathan 41 42 Otis Joanna 8 Otis Jonathan 32 Otis Nicholas 8 Ox Samuel 20 Paine Stephen 28 29 Paine William 60 Payne Widow 37 Palmer Cotton 18 Palmer Simeon 18 Parker Joseph 12 Partridge Richard 19 Pearce Benoni 51 Pearce Jabez 50 peck Hannah 7 Peck Israel 7 Peck Nicholas 7 Peckham Benjamin Jr 18 Peckham Sarah 52 Pendleton Joseph 29 Pendock Benoni 53 Perry Mary 17 Philips Azariah 55 Phillips Daniel 28 Phillips Israel 21 23 Pitkin Samuel 23 Pollock 52 Potter John Jr 17 18 19 20 21 22 64 Potter John Sr 17 Potter Sarah 20 Potter Stephen 58 Potter William 18 Proud W


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol. 1) (pg. 269)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    NDON The old commercial weight of England which is still retained in Scotland and which is said to have been formerly used at Amsterdam Hamburgh and Paris is about T T heavier than avoirdupois weight the Pound being 7600 Grains troy and therefore 351b old weight 381b avoirdupois This has been long the weight in England by which the assize of bread is fixed by the Magis trates the peck Loaf newly baked being 161b old weight which answers to 171b 6 oz avoirdupois The assize in the price however was abolished by an act o f 1815 and the rate of the peck loaf left open to the competition of the trade The measures for corn and other dry commodities are the following A Last contains 2 Weys 10 Quarters 20 Cooms 40 Strikes or 80 Bushels and equals 28 187 Hectolitres T


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol 2) (pg. 329)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    e at Antwerp i 19 PatARD a copper coin in Flanders i 19 85 Patty a small coin in Trangania i 121 Paunchea a money of account in Bombay i 93 Payee the person to whom a bill is made payable ii 2 Payements or Payments certain periods at Lyons and other places on the Continent at which bills are generally made payable Pecco a money of account in some parts of Java i 100 peck a measure for dry commodities in England i 220 221 227 310 Peck Loaf weight of i 221 Pkcul or Picul a weight in China and some parts of the East Indies i 67 98 122 197 Penalty a forfeiture or fine for disobedience to certain laws or regulations a penalty is also occasionally anuexed to secure the payment of money or the performance of any contract Pendulum Seconds lengt


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    United States Store Cards : a list of merchants' advertising checks, restaurant checks, and kindred pieces issued from 1789 up to recent years, including many of the tokens which passed as money and known as Hard Times Tokens (pg. 96)

    /1920 Store Cards

    26 Parmele Edwin N Y 628 Parmelee Webster Co Ind 2 Parry Mfg Co Pa 382 Partridge Richardson Md 107 Patapsco Fruit Butter Co N Y 22 Patterson Bros Tenn 36 Paul Crockett La 44 PB Puech Bein Co 111 22 Peacock C D Pa 392 Peaelzer Bros N Y 632 Peale s Museum etc 111 25 Pearson Dana Mo 26 Pease S Co N Y 368 Pease P S Co Mass 80 peck and Burnham N Y 1049 Peck J C N Y 383 Pennsylvania Mutual Life Ins Co Pa 390 Pennypacker Sibley Pa 1051 Percy E L Mass 83 Perkins Co Mass 82 Perkins E Md 118 Peters W Va 14 Petersburg City of N Y 635 Phalon Low 127 N Y 635 Phelan Geo E Pa 103 Philadelphia Corporation of Low 152 Pa 394 Philadelphia Museum Pa 400 Pickard A Pa 399 P


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    Money of the American Colonies and Confederation: A Numismatic, Economic and Historical Correlation (pg. 24)

    /1993 Numismatics; Coins American; Bank notes

    rances of Massachusetts Coppers CNL 82 1989 pp 1100 7 Daper Money Paper Money Actually Served American Colonists Well Bank Note Reporter April 1990 p 29 Dapers Dapers of the Continental Congress vol 139 folio 131 Partridge RIISQ 1979 Sanborn Partridge Currency and Coins from Vermont s Period of Independence Rutland Historical Society Quarterly Fall 1979 pp 29 67 peck British Museum C Wilson Peck English Copper Tin and Bronze Coins in the British Museum 1558 1958 1st ed London 1960 Peters CNL 1975 Norman G Peters The 1784 Counterfeit English Halfpence CNL 43 1975 p 485 Peters Num 1986 Machin s Mills Halfpence America s Forgotten Early Coppers Num 1986 pp 1803 14 Dhiladelphia Directory The Dhiladelphia Directory 1785 Pi


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    Money of the American Colonies and Confederation: A Numismatic, Economic and Historical Correlation (pg. 111)

    /1993 Numismatics; Coins American; Bank notes

    Emergence of Coppers 107 Fig 26 a England contemporary counterfeit farthing of Charles I in the style of peck 156 Richmond patent Private Collection b England genuine farthing of Charles I Peck 156 Richmond patent of this Kingdome Popular dissatisfaction with the tokens became intense in 1642 the Puritan Parliament which on principle denounced both monopolies and base coinage ordered production of the Maltravers farthings stopped 10 There is a colonial connection with the token farthings


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    Money of the American Colonies and Confederation: A Numismatic, Economic and Historical Correlation (pg. 112)

    /1993 Numismatics; Coins American; Bank notes

    AN 16 It becomes of particular interest within the scope of this current book that the Connecticut and Vermont coppers of the late 1780s will adopt this motif first used in A L 140 11 Pridmore Commonwealth pp 18 19 Breen Encyclopedia pp 9 11 Lefroy AJN 1877 pp 137 41 Crosby Early Coins pp 11 18 McCusker Money and Exchange p 276 Seaby English Coinage pp 63 66 67 73 74 peck British Museum pp 19 82 1 John M Kleeberg personal communication May 29 1991 1 Seabv English Coinage p 79 Craig Mint p 171 Peck British Museum p 110 Askew Roman Britain


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    Money of the American Colonies and Confederation: A Numismatic, Economic and Historical Correlation (pg. 210)

    /1993 Numismatics; Coins American; Bank notes

    of the coppers in a particular series the greater the first standard deviation From Table 21 the Virginia halfpence group 19a have the smallest first standard deviation and the most obvious explanation for this consistency was the better manufacturing technology available at the Tower Mint Despite these improved conditions at the Royal Mint there was still quite a variation in uniformity peck listed a range of 140 9 to 167 9 grains for regal copper halfpence minted between the years 1770 and 1775 While overweight silver and gold planchets of the period were individually reconciled prior to striking as evidenced by file adjustment marks it would have been ridiculous to have expended such efforts on the copper medium 4 he question appropriately arises about acceptable tolerances in


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    An Arrangement of Trademen's Cards, Political Tokens and Election Medals, Medalets, &c. (pg. 52)

    /1858 Medalets

    me as last Edge plain Metal copper Size 8 Ob A Plough 2V S Starbuck 4 Son Troy Air Fur nace Ploughs Plough Castings A Sleigh Shoes Mill Gearing Potash Kettles A Cauldrons Rev A large Screw Machine Shop Turning 4 Boring Screws for Paper Oil 4 Cider Mills fcP A small head between two small stars Edge plain Metal copper Size 8 8 Ob A Patent Machine peck s Patent Tin Machines in complete setts made at Troy N YP Rev J cf C Peck Machinists Troy Builders of Cot ton and Woollen Machinery generally Edge plain Metal copper Size 8 9 Ob Bucklin s Book Keeping simplified and acquired by every one 1834 Shows at one view the exact state of your business Second Edition improved Price One Dollar Troy N YP Rev Bucklin s


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    The Numismatic Directory for 1881 (pg. 40)

    /1881 Numismatic Directory

    t Pack Chas C Cleveland O Packard L M Canton Sr Law Co JN l Parker R H Coins c Sharen Mercer Co Par nelee I Fine U B Coins 15 Chestnut Park Boston Mass Parrott A C Chilhowe Johnson Co Mo Parsons Chas S City Hall Boston Mass Patterson J W Humboldt Allen Co Ran Payne Douglas U S Coins c 30 Charlotte Detroit Mich peck Frank G Colorado Springs Col Peck Peleg Sylvania Pa Pendleton Hon Geo H Cincinnati D K Theo OoS 4c Lagrange Lagrange Perry M V C Coins Ac Salesville Guernsey Co O Philips Geo L Coins Ac Dayton Philips Barnett Brooklyn N i Pierce J A 73 Madison Street Chicago Bh l onion W U s Coins c 61 Bethune Street 287 PowelI m W 174 LaSalle


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    The Numismatic Directory for 1884 (pg. 49)

    /1884 Numismatic Directory

    478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 Parsons C lias S Fine Coins Medals c A City Hall Boston Mass Patrick las 15 Coins c Stamp Dept St Louis Mo Patterson Isaac U S and N C Foreign Coins Newberue Patterson JL W U S Coins Lock Box 69 New ton Kan Payne E M Coins c 204 Montague St Brooklyn N Y peck A R Coins and Currency Box 67 Brooklyn N Y Peck Pel leg Am and Foreign Coins Sylvania Pa Peterson Tkos Antique Coins in Gold Silver and Bronze 306 Chestnut St Philadelphia Pa Pettigrew E G Coins c Flandreau Dak Perkins F S all Coins Medals Paper Money Military Buttons c Burlington Wis Perkins J jL Coins c Boston Mass Phelps Henry U S C


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    American Numismatic Auctions (pg. 1,041)

    11/17/2009 Auctions

    ca 3 01 21 1977 Paynter John W Heritage Auction Galleries 12 06 1990 Peabody Institute of Baltimore Coin Galleries 03 28 1977 Peabody D Mrs Henry Chapman 12 20 1916 Peake Clarence W Dr New Netherlands 46 06 17 1955 Pearl Oscar J Abe Kosoff 26 01 22 1944 Pearl Oscar J Bowers Ruddy 32 06 28 1979 Pearson Nelson Lyman H Low 05 22 1902 Pecan Valley Heritage Auction Galleries 06 05 1986 peck Harmer Rooke 10 29 1970 Peck James E Hillcrest Enterprises 09 24 1968 Pecker Seth E W E Woodward 25 12 16 1879 Pedersen Harry C Jr New Netherlands 47 04 19 1956 Pehrson Thomas L Elder 05 09 1918 Pelletreau Robert Stack s 03 06 1959 Pena Sotheby s 12 12 1994 Pena Antonio Ma Lyman H Low 154 11 25 1910 Pena Antonio Ma Lyman H Low 158 03 27 1911 Penn Central Railroad Nasca Smythe 60a 06


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    Catalogue of New-York State Library: 1856 (pg. 222)

    /1857 Numismatic Literature

    Y Copper Exchanged 18 Meade a Bro Daguerreotype Albany Brass P VanBergen 19 Milton Tailor Boston Copper Exchanged 20 Maycock a Co Pencils N Y 1837 Copper Dr C Martin 21 N Y Centre Market Accom 1837 Copper Exchanged 22 N Y Merchants Exchange Co Copper Exchanged 23 No labor No bread Copper Exchanged 24 Phalon s Haircutting N Y 1837 Copper Exchanged 25 peck a Burnham Dry goods Boston Copper Exchanged 26 Peck Machinist Troy Copper Exchanged 27 Patterson Bros Hardware Buffalo Copper Exchanged 28 Richards Jeweller Attleboro Mass Copper Exchanged 29 Size a Co Commissioners Portsmouth 1837 Copper Dr C Martin 30 Simes A Co Groceries Portsmouth 1837 Copper Exchanged 31 Safford s Temp House Albany Copper Exchanged


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    The Coins and Tokens of the Possessions and Colonies of the British Empire (pg. 364)

    /1889 British Coinage

    352 138 0 R 139 0 R 140 0 R 141 0 R 142 0 R 143 0 R 144 145 0 R AUSTRALIA MOUBEAY LUSH 1 Co DRAPEES MELBOURNE in four lines Female standing holding scales and cornucopia ships in distance AUSTRALIA GEORGE NICHOLS opposite CORNER to POST OFFICE within a circle BOOK SELLER STATIONER MELBOURNE Australian arms VICTORIA 1862 Maker s name under HUGH peck 67 little collins street east RENTS DEBTS COLLECTED PROCESS SERVED LEVIES FOR RENT ESTABLISHED 1853 MELBOURNE Arranged about the coin HUGH PECK 67 little collins street east ESTATE AGENT MONEY LENDER HOTEL BROKER VALUATOR ESTABLISHED 1853 MELBOURNE Arranged about the coin As jB of last Australian arms VICTORIA 1862 Maker s name under as No 111 GEO PETTY 157 ELIZABETH S SMITH FI


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    Pennsylvania Railroad Medal for Heroic Service (pg. 3)

    /2018 Pennsylvania Railroad Medal Recipients

    In a memo to President Samuel Rea Atterbury rec ommended only the bronze medal pricing Rea presented the idea to the full Board of Directors for approval at the January 25 1922 meeting afterward Rea sent a memo to Atterbury that the matter has been forwarded to company Secretary Lewis Neilson for presentation to the Road Committee On August 22 1922 Vice President of Personnel George L peck wrote to Atterbury on the status of the medal project Atterbury then contacted Neilson who made a notation to the memo in the board file that the request was answered in person The following month on November 22 1922 Peck sent to Atterbury a preliminary design deemed acceptable to the operat ing officers after numerous changes he notes as well as the rec ommendation that the medal be 2


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    New Varieties of Gold and Silver Coins (1852) (pg. 60)

    1/1/1852 United States Mint Cabinet of Coins

    X VESPASIAN was created goremor of Judea by Nero A D 66 and became Emperor on the death of YiteUius died A D 79 in his seventieth year having reigned ten years 119 Gold Imp G sar Vespasianus Aug R Gons uI iTER um TR ib PoT estate 120 Silver R Pontifical Instruments Augur Pont Max 121 Jovis Gustos 122 Victoria Augusti 123 A congiiis a dry measure of about a half peck with ears of wheat stand ing out of it Expresses his distribution of congiaries or gif s of com to the Roman populace 124 A veiled female beside a palm tree 43


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    A description of ancient and modern coins, in the cabinet collection at the Mint of the United States (pg. 59)

    /1860 United States Mint Cabinet of Coins

    ANCIENT COINS ROMAN 49 66 and became emperor on the death of Vitellius died a d 79 in his seventieth year having reigned ten years 119 G Imp C hsar Yespasianus Aug Rev Cons uI iTER um TR ib PoT estate 120 S Rev Pontifical instruments Augur Pont Max 121 Jovis Custos 122 Yictoria Augusti 123 A congius a dry measure of about a half peck with ears of wheat standing out of it Expresses his distribution of congiaries or gifts of corn to the Roman populace 124 A vailed female beside a palm tree Judaea Devicta Com memorates the destruction of Jerusalem a d TO by Titus 125 Consul the seventh time 126 Figure of Capricorn under which sign Yespasian was born Divus Augustus Yespasianus Apotheosis of the deceased em per


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    History of the Coinage Act of 1873 (pg. 214)

    /1900 Legislation

    214 HISTORY OF THE COINAGE ACT OF 1873 Hoo er Houghton Kelley Kellogg Ketcham Lamport Lansing Lowe Maynard McClellaud McOormick McCrary McKee Mercar Merriam Benjamin F Meyers Monroe Leonard Myers Negley Orr Packard Packer Palmer peck Perce Piatt Porter Potter Prindle Ellis H Roberts Busk Scbofield Seeley Sheldon Shellabarger H Boardmau Smith Johu A Smith Snapp Snyder Thomas J Speer Sprague Starkweather Stevenson Strong Tatte Thomas Washing ton Towusend Turner Twichell Tyner Upson Walden Wallace Wheeler Whiteley Whitthorne Williams of Indiana Jeremiah M Wilson and John T Wilson 103 No


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    History of the Coinage Act of 1873 (pg. 226)

    /1900 Legislation

    Earacs Finkelnburg Charles Foster Wilder D Foster Frye Garfield Goodrich Halsey Harmer George E Harris Havens Gerry W Hazletou John W Hazleton Hill Hoar Hooper Houghton Kelley Kellogg Ketcham Killinger Lamport j Lansing Lowe Lynch Mayuard McClelland McCrary McJunkin i Merriam Benjamin F Meyers Monroe Moore Leonard Myers Orr Packard Palmer Isaac C Parker peck Pendleton Perce Piatt Poland Randall Ellis II Roberts Rusk Schofield Seeley Sessions Shanks Sheldon Shellabarger Sherwood H Boardman Smith John A Smith Snapp Snyder Sprague Starkweather Stoughton Strong Taffe Thomas Washington Townsend Turner Twichell Tyner Upson Wakeman Walden Waldron Wallace Walls Wheeler Willard Wil Hams of Indiana and Jeremiah M Wils


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    History of the Coinage Act of 1873 (pg. 234)

    /1900 Legislation

    Conger Cotton Dawes Donnan Duell Dunnell Eames Fin keluburg Charles Foster Wilder D Foster Frye Garfield Hale Har mer George E Harris Hawley Gerry W Hazleton John W Hazle ton Hill Hoar Hooper Kelley Kellogg Ketcham Killinger Lam port Lansing Lowe Mayuard McJunkin Mercur Merriam Moore Leonard Myers Negley Orr Packard Packer Palmer Isaac C Par ker peck Pendleton Perce Peters Piatt Porter Prindle Ellis H Roberts Rusk Schoheld Seeley Sessions Shanks Sheldon Sheila burger H Board man Smith John A Smith Snapp Snyder Thomas J Speer Sprague Starkweather S tough ton Strong Tatte Thomas Washington Towuseud Turner Twichell Tyner Upson Wakeman Waldeu Waldron Wallace Walls Wheeler Whitely Willard Wil liams of I


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    Biographical Dictionary of Medallists, vol. 1 [A-D] (pg. 429)

    /1904 Medalists

    The artist was rewarded with 3 Mention honorable for drawing and yngrdving in i 88 S a government grant and scholarship for jtieda engwving in cht same year and again a Mention honorable at the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1 889 Ac the Royal Academy Exhibition of 1 899 the following medals and plaques by ibis anbt attracted much admtratfon R ignfe OtpheUaat des Arts Le Pt v re peck g Gbqtteiin Ca eji Ambroisirse 6 lc DjgitizM by Go glc


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    Biographical Dictionary of Medallists, vol. 5 [R-S] (pg. 707)

    /1912 Medalists

    aved Penny Tokens for Collins Co Bathurst 1864 Love Roberts of Wagga Wagga 1865 J Ta lor of Ballarat 1862 sev var W R Watson Co of Ballarat 1862 sev var Hodgson Bros of Bendigo 1862 R Calder W Froomes Murrayand Christie G Rylana all of Castlemaine 1862 R Grieve of Eagle Hawk 1862 S Deeble Evans Foster J Hosie Miller Brothers George Nichols Hugh peck Robinson Brothers Co T Warburton all of Melbourne and dated 1862 several varieties Gippsland Hardware Co of Port Albert and Sale 1862 Barrow clough R B Ridler Jas Davey Co J D Leeson 1862 all 01 Richmond Stead Brothers of Sandhurst 1862 W C Cook ot Sandridge 1862 Thos H Cope of South Yarra 1862 J Caro Co Christchurch N Z The pieces by Stokes says


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol. 1) (pg. 268)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    Hull is 19 Cwt at Chester 20 Cwt at Newcastle 21 Cwt at Bawtry 21 Cwt at Stockton 22 Cwt at Derby 22j Cwt The Cwt of lead at Hull and Chester is 1201b Lead ore is however sold by a measure called Ore Dish which is 21 3 Inches long 6 broad and 8 4 deep containing therefore about half a 11 inchester Bushel 9 Dishes are called a Load and weigh 3 Cwt very nearly A peck of flour and of salt is 141b a Firkin of butter 561b and of soap 641b a Barrel of soap 2561b of candles 1201b of butler 2241b of gun powder 1001b of anchovies 301b of raisins 1121b A Bushel of rock salt must weigh 65lb of crushed rock salt 561b and of foreign salt 84lb Hay and straw are sold by the Load of 36 1 russes the 1 russ of hay is 561b of stra


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol. 1) (pg. 348)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    RUSSIA 300 Rate of Coinage Mint Regulations Rubles were ordered to be coined out of 51b 6 Solotnicks of that standard each Ruble to contain 4 Solotnicks 21 Dolis of fine silver Hence from a Pound of Russian standard silver were struck 19 Rubles 75 Copecks nearly and from a Pound of fine s lver 22 Rubles 75 Copecks Thus the Ruble of 1810 is worth 38 d sterling very nearly The same Edict directed that pieces of 5 10 and 20 Copecks should be coined according to the old standard of f j with smaller pieces in proportion and that each piece of 20 Copecks should contain l f Solotnick of silver of the standard of H or Dolis of fine silver


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol. 1) (pg. 358)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    310 SCOTLAND Dry Measure Liquid Measure Batik of Scotland Dry Measure 4 Lippies 1 peck 4 Pecks 1 Firlot 4 Firlots 1 Boll 16 Bolls 1 Chalder The Linlithgow Wheat Firlot which is the standard contains 21 Scottish Pints or 2197 English cubic Inches It is used for wheat rye pease beans salt and grass seeds The Barley Firlot which is used for barley malt oats fruit and potatoes contains 31 Scottish Pints or 3205 cubic Inches The former equals 1 T V and


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol. 1) (pg. 436)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    mometer the barometer being at 30 inches and such brass measure shall be the Imperial Standard Gallon and is declared to be the unit and only Standard Measure of Capacity from which all other Measures of Capacity for all sorts of liquids as well as for dry goods not measured by heaped measure shall be derived and that all Measures shall be taken in parts and multiples the Quart Pint peck Bushel and Quarter continuing in the same proportion as heretofore for dry measure See vol 1 page 221 and 228 VII That the Standard Measure of Capacity for coals culm lime fish pota toes or fruit and all other goods and things commonly sold by heaped mea sure shall be the Imperial Bushel containing 80 lb Avoirdupois of water as aforesaid the same being made round with a pla


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol. 1) (pg. 444)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    ior diameters and depths are deduced DIMENSIONS CONTENTS Exterior Diameter Interior Diameter Depth Breadth of the Ilira Height of the Cone Contents of the Cylinder Contents of the Cone Total Contents of Heaped Measure Weight of the Cylinder lb avoirdupois Bushel 19 5 18 789 8 0 355 6 2218 192 597 297 2815 489 80 Half Bushel 15 5 14 936 6 331 0 282 4 748 1 109 096 298 648 1407 744 40 peck 12 25 11 803 5 07 1 0 223 3 803 554 548 149 324 703 872 20 Gallon 9 75 9 395 4 0 177 3 277 274 74 662 351 936 10 Half Gallon 7 75 7 468 3 165 0 141 2 374 138 637 i 37 331 175 968 5 Quart 6 125 5 901 2 535 0 112 1 902 69 318 18 666 87 984 2 5 i ACTUAL DIMENSIONS OF THE IMPERIAL STANDARDS As one great object of the Cambist is to give a correct account of the Weights and Measures of all Countrie


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    The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor (Vol. 1) (pg. 445)

    /1821 Cambist Foreign Exchange

    n theii Cylindrical Contents as proved both by Gauging and Water Measure EXCHEQUER Standards GUILDHALL Treasury Order GUILDHALL Working Standards Exterior Diameter Interior Diameter Depth Exterior Diameter Interior Diameter Depth Exterior Diameter Interior Diameter Depth Bushel 19 5 18 5 8 25 19 5 18 5 8 25 19 5 18 5 8 5 Half Bushel 15 4 14 68 6 55 15 5 14 6 6 6 i 14 9 14 05 7 1 peck 12 28 1 1 65 5 19 12 25 11 6 5 4 11 10 25 6 8 Gallon 7 07 7 06 7 06 9 75 9 2 4 3 8 7 4 6 4 Half Gallon 5 61 5 61 5 61 7 75 6 1 3 3 6 1 5 6 5 9 Quart 4 45 4 45 4 45 6 125 1 5 7 2 2 4 7 4 1 5 0 SUMMARY VIEW OF THE IMPERIAL SYSTEM From the foregoing Laws and Regulations it appears that no alteration whatever is made in the established system of Weights and Measures except in Measures of C


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    The picture of Philadelphia, giving an account of its origin, increase and improvements in arts, sciences, manufactures, commerce and revenue (pg. 391)

    /1811 General Guide

    es Patterson John Potts John Y Poor James M Porter John Passmore John L Perry Joseph Piper George Pierie Edward Packer William Pidgeon Isaac Pearson William Painter Lazarus Pine James Peel Daniel Porter Parmentier k Co David Potter Peter PoUin John Patrick Thomas F Pancoast Samuel Philips Eliakmi Pitcher jr John Pennington Thomas Ptirent William A Paul Jas Ph Paglia Henry Perkins Thomas peck William Preston Conrad Pfaff John Peirce William Patterson lacob Pare ell James Posser David Penniville Joseph VI Painter Robert Per nock William Price William Piatt Thomas Pickering John Philips Rowland Pi li lips John Pollin John Point George R Powell William Preston jr Henry Parker Right Pilling John Pfaii Joseph Pepper George W Pool John Potter James Packel Joseph Parker John Pollin Jo


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    The Coinage of William Wood, 1722-1733 (pg. 14)

    /1903 Coinage of William Wood

    8 TABLE OF PLATES PLATE III Manx Coins No 1 Penny Pattern 1723 P N 2 Halfpenny Pattern 1723 P N 3 Penny Pattern 1725 B M 4 Penny Pattern 1732 H peck Esq 5 Penny 1733 P N 6 Halfpenny 1783 P N 7 Penny Contemporary Forgery 1733 P N 8 Penny Contemporary Forgery 1733 P N 9 Halfpenny Contemporary Forgery 1733 P N ILLUSTRATIONS IN TEXT Penny Pattern for America Penny Contemporary Forgery Isle Penny Contemporary Forgery Isle Halfpenny Contemporary Forgery 1724 PAGE 32 of Man 1733 P N 39 of Man 1733 P


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    A Survey of American Numismatic Sales and Informational Literature: A survey of sales lists, house publications and promotional literature issued by prominent American Dealers between 1910 to date. (pg. 55)

    /1989 Numismatic Literature

    rent market prices of English coins by date and mintmark We can supply the following references as a guide to varieties The Guide Book of Great Britain s Modern Coins by H C Taylor and Some r James 1 50 Coin of the British World by Rob ert Friedberg An excellent guide to types of England and the colonies 12 50 English Copper Tin and Bronze Coins in the British Mus eum 1558 1958 by C W peck 46 pages 50 plates Highly recom mended 19 50


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    Fixed Price Lists & Premium Paid For Lists of United States Dealers 1900-1929, Volume II (pg. 11)

    1/1/1989 Numismatic Literature Fixed Price Lists

    ve been Pete Smith For his continued enthusiam help and writings for Volume II even though it interferred with his new found enjoyment of training for Marathon Running this summer Martin Gengerke For his unselfish research and contributions to all areas of Numismatics and for his continued help and assistance Frank and Laurese Katen For their continued help assistance and encouragement Jeff peck For his continued assistance and in identifying the Unknown Catalog on page 178 179 in Volume I as a Lyman H Low Fixed Price List George Kolbe For his cheerful response s in person or over the phone and in writing the forward for Volume II John Bergman For his assistance in providing information and material for Volume II as noted Charles Davis For his assistance in providing information an


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    Fixed Price Lists & Premium Paid for Lists of United States Coin Dealers 1822-1900, Volume I (pg. 15)

    1/1/1988 Numismatic Literature Fixed Price Lists

    Martin don t publish your next volume I found a couple of more additions for your American Numismatic Auctions and for the use of Martin s Miscellaneous Column for this book Pete Smith For his willingness to help and to continue to publish new findings in the copper area Mark Averbach For his enthusiasm and willingness to share Scott Rubin For his enthusiasm and willingness to share Jeff peck For his help enthusiasm and willingness to share and for our new found enjoyment of FAXING material to each other Carl Kane For providing many of the scarce items unseen until now And to those who I may have inadvertently omitted my apologies I will make an effort to correct this in the 2nd volume


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    Fixed Price Lists & Premium Paid for Lists of United States Coin Dealers 1822-1900, Volume I (pg. 345)

    1/1/1988 Numismatic Literature Fixed Price Lists

    8 NL U S Gold Coins Colonials Washington Patterns Ancient Foreign Medals Books 18 9 1889 1000 40 NL U S Gold Coins Colonials Washington Patterns Currency Ancient Foreign Medals Books 20 7 1890 1000 24 NL 5 000 Coll U S Gold Coins Washington Colonial Patterns 22 10 1890 700 28 NL 8 000 Coll U S Gold Coins Washington Colonials Patterns Comments A In Jeff peck Library 151


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    Fixed Price Lists & Premium Paid for Lists of United States Coin Dealers 1822-1900, Volume I (pg. 349)

    1/1/1988 Numismatic Literature Fixed Price Lists

    e 98 500 24 NN 25 000 Coil Foreign Section repeat of Pgs 93 118 Above Coins Medals G Britian Canadian Frn 57 B 12 1898 500 16 NN 25 000 Coll Suppl 2 U S Gold Coins Ancient U S Cents 57 C 1 1899 50 7 NN Foreign Copper of Americas Europe Africa Oriental 57 D 2 1889 200 16 NN Cheap Collection L U S Gold U S Coins Washington Colonials H T Tokens Comments A In Jeff peck Library B In Martin Generke Library 1 In The Curio as Supplement No 2 2 In Curio 2 3 In The Curio 3 153


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    Fixed Price Lists & Premium Paid for Lists of United States Coin Dealers 1822-1900, Volume I (pg. 405)

    1/1/1988 Numismatic Literature Fixed Price Lists

    Copies of Volume I have been privately published and given in the following numbered sequence 1 Avis Bourne 2 Michael Bourne 3 Marlene Bourne 4 Remy Bourne 5 Frank Laurese Katen 6 Pete Smith 7 Martin Gengerke 8 Mark Auerbach 9 Scott Rubin 10 John Adams 11 Jeff peck 12 George Kolbe 13 Cal Wilson 14 Jim Grady 15 Del Bland 16 Dave Bowers 17 Michael Hooder 18 Armand Champa 19 Elvira Clain Stefanelli 20 A N S Library 21 A N A Library 22 Dick Linda Hart 23 Barry Taymen 24 Harry Bass 25 Walter Breen 26 Dan Hamelberg 27 Charles Davis 28 Michael Sullivan 29 Kirby Brown 30 Reinhold Jordan 31 Robert Julian 32 Carl Kane


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    An historical account of Massachusetts currency (pg. 11)

    /1839 Massachusetts Currency

    to include several species of grain and even peas Such and similar productions together with live stock lawfully received at the Colonial treasury for public taxes was often designated by the plirase comitry pay Some sj ecimens show how a mediimi of this kind was applied It was a custom in the old Colony when a sm veyor 1628 ran the lines of a lot of land to compensate him with a 3 peck of corn It was propomided that JVIr Phillips should have 1630 allowed him tlu ee hogsheads of meale one hogshead of 13 make four bushels of Indian corne one bushell of oate meale halfe an hundred of salte fishe for apparrell and other provisions xx or els to have xi given him in money per ami to make his owne prouisions if hee chuse it the rather It is ordered that Mr


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    An historical account of Massachusetts currency (pg. 24)

    /1839 Massachusetts Currency

    gilders shalbee likewise ciu rant at 5 and the ryall of eight shalbee also currant at 5 The name of these coins was more frequently heard than they were seen and handled 1644 While there was impoverishment of estate measiu es were taken to enrich the intellect In compliance with advice given by commissioners of the United Colonies the Legislatm e order that each family contribute a peck of corn or 12 in money to help forward the mainte nance of poor scholars in the colledge This option as to the sorts of circulating medium was exercised more fully in bestowing the products of the field than in the proceeds of the mine Speaking of an assessment laid on the several towns to defray the country charges the Coiu t thus express them 1645 selves This levy of 616 1


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    United States Store Cards : a list of merchants' advertising checks, restaurant checks, and kindred pieces issued from 1789 up to recent years, including many of the tokens which passed as money and known as Hard Times Tokens (pg. 24)

    /1920 Store Cards

    ss 25m D 137 note T he reference D is to Mr F G Duffield s list published in the Numismatist of 1907 MASSACHUSETTS ATTLEBORO 1 RICHARDS H M E 1 JEWELRY R Schenck s Patent Planing Machine Copper Low 164 Rare 2 RICHARDS II M E I R Lafayette standing Copper Low 83 NOTE The Schenck Machine I everse also occurs with the cards of W P Haskins of Troy N Y and peck Burnham of Boston


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    United States Store Cards : a list of merchants' advertising checks, restaurant checks, and kindred pieces issued from 1789 up to recent years, including many of the tokens which passed as money and known as Hard Times Tokens (pg. 27)

    /1920 Store Cards

    n of period after the word CLOTHING Copper See Numismatist 1914 Page 65 75 MILLIKEN S HOTEL Brass 30m 76 NEW ENGLAND DINING SALOON 142 Wash St Boston Mass Cop per 77 Same obverse R Card of h J CHASE CO Brass 27m Figure stamped in centre 78 Same obverse R Card of Jos H Mei riam 32m 79 NOWLIN McELWAIN JEWELERS R Clock face c White metal Levick 1728 80 peck BURNHAM Dry Goods Copper 81 Same obverse R Schenck s Planing Machine Copper 82 PERKINS E Congress Street Reverse same as obverse Stamped 30 White metal 27m 83 Similai R Perkins Co Congress St White metal 27m 84 PORTER HORACE WATCHES Brass Same Silvered planchet 85 REUTER ALLEY HIGHLAND SPRING BREWERY Brass Ex cessively rare See Numismatist 1914 Page 45


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