MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS ON THE CONNECTICUT COPPERS
The E-Sylum (1/29/2017)
Here is another article from the Massachusetts Centinel that may be of interest to the readers of The E-Sylum. It indicates it is reprinted from The Philadelphia Gazetteer but I have not been able to locate the date of printing in that newspaper.
This is from the August 1, 1787 edition of the Massachusetts Centinel and it is an amusing description of the Connecticut Copper by “Martinus Scriblerus”.
Massachusetts Centinel (Boston, Massachusetts)
Wednesday, August 1, 1787
From the PHILADELPHIA GAZETTEER,
A PENNY of the new coinage of the state of
Connecticut, has lately fallen into my
hands, and although I am thought skilled in the
medallick science, yet I must own that I could not
decypher the meaning of the legends, or inscrip-
tions of this piece. The emblems appear to me
still more extraordinary. I shall give the publick
a faithful copy of the one and a description of the
other, hoping that some antiquarian, or member of
our Philosophical Society, will favour them with an
On one side of the medal, a head encircled with
a civick crown, with this legend : AUCTORI :
On the reverse a woman with dishevelled hair,
holding a nosegay in her dexter hand, and a con-
stable's staff in her sinister, sitting on something I
could not well descern, but resembling upon the
whole the famous Brittania stamped upon the En-
glish pennies, with the legend : INDE : ETLIB -
and on the exergue, 1787.
The device, of this piece of money, I under-
stood very well to be a silly and servile imitation
of British pence ; the head might stand for King
George or Governour Griswold, and the woman for
Britania or Connecticutia - But the inscriptions I
must own are above my understanding. - O! Imi-
tatores, servum pecus!
I attempted to translate the latin phrase at the closing: O! imitatores, servum pecus! I found it listed in The World Dictionary of Foreign Expressions (Adeleye, Acquah-Dadzie 1999) as attributed to Horace and meaning “Those who imitate are a herd of slaves”.
I assumed “Martinus Scriblerus” to be a pseudonym but I had never heard the name before. I found this website which gives a nice synopsis of the history behind the name.
Martin Scribler Media commemorates the work and spirit of the Scriblerus Club, formed in 1713 by Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, John Gay, John Arbuthnot, and Thomas Parnell.
Swift, Pope, and Arbuthnott
The club met only sporadically, and its membership varied over the years. It took its name from its fictional founder, a hack writer named Martinus Scriblerus. Its focus was the writing of a biography of Scriblerus himself, a vehicle to satirize false erudition, ignorance, literary genres, and contemporary life (basically, anything that bugged them at the moment).
As with all writing (and committee work in general), the biography took time; so much time that it was never completed. A single volume, titled The Memoirs of Martinus Scriblerus, was finally published in 1741. It contained tales of errant scholarship and dubious opinion, and an outline of future chapters that were never written. The memoir was penned years before its publication and foreshadowed, among other things, J onathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726). Swift is said to have modelled Gulliver on his fellow Scriblerian John Arbuthnot.
In 1728 Alexander Pope published a satiric mock-heroic poem entitled The Dunciad, in which he anonymously savaged certain writers as dunces. Later, feuding with these writers and their defenders, Pope employed Martinus Scriblerus pseudonymously to undermine them by summarizing, deadpan, their various contradictions and faults. Thus the hack whom Pope had ridiculed morphed into his own hatchet man.
The Scriblerus Club survived until the deaths of Pope and Swift in 1744 and 1745 respectively. Yet Martin Scribler survived the club's demise and found new breath in poet Richard Owen Cambridge's mock epic poem Scribleriad, published in 1751. (The poem is full of literary in-jokes which are obscure today.) Over the years, variations on Scribler's name have been employed as pseudonyms by various literary figures including Henry Fielding, George Crabbe, and (it is rumoured) a famed reclusive present-day postmodernist.
To read the complete article, see:
About Martin Scribler Media (http://martinscribler.com/about/)
Many thanks to Julia for sharing this great little article with a connection to literary giants of the day. Who knew? Not me!
I couldn't resist trying a search in the Newman Numismatic Portal and came up with one match. In an 1845 catalog of the library of Henry A. Brady (which includes several lots of coins) is listed a copy of the rare 1741 Pope and Arbuthnot book, Works and Discoveries of Martinus Scriblerus. -Editor
To read the complete catalog, see:
Martinus Scriblerus (https://nnp.wustl.edu/library/searchwithterms?searchterm=Martinus%20Scriblerus%20)