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Andrew Johnson

Biography

Born in Raleigh, North Carolina. His family moved to Tennessee. He was apprenticed to a taylor. Married to Eliza McCardle May 5, 1827. She taught him to read. They had five children. Elected alderman and served 1828 to 1830. Elected Mayor of Greenville in 1830. Elected to the State Senate in 1841. Elected to the United States House of Representatives and served March 4, 1843, to March 3, 1853. Elected Governor of Tennessee and served 1853 to 1857. Elected to United States Senate and served October 8, 1857, to March 4, 1862.

During the Civil War, President Lincoln appointed Johnson as Military Governor of Tennessee. In 1864 he won election as Vice President under Lincoln. The 17th Presidency passed to Johnson April 15, 1865. He suspended Stanton as Secretary of War. Congress refused the suspension. Johnson was impeached in 1868 but acquitted. His term ended March 4, 1869. He was unsuccessful in elections of 1869 and 1872. He was elected to the Senate and served March 4, 1873, until his death. He died near Carter Station, Tennessee.

Johnson appears on the presidential medal (Julian PR-13) with dies by William Barber.

Johnson appears on a 76 mm Indian Peace Medal (Julian IP-40) and a 62 mm medal (Julian IP-41) with dies by Anthony Paquet. Modern copies (USM 117) of the 76 mm medal were sold by the mint.

The Andrew Johnson presidential dollar coin was launched on February 17, 2011, at the Andrew Johnson National Historic Site at Greeneville, Tennessee. The obverse was designed and sculpted by Don Everhart.

bio: ApCAB; BDC; BDEB; DAB; Drake; EAB; Failor; Loubat; NCAB 2; TCBDA; WAB; WWWA-H; NUM 75 Sep 1962 p 1173

Source credit: Pete Smith, American Numismatic Biographies

 

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