||Lecompton, KS - State Bank $3 Nov. 1, 1856 KS-55 G6a, Whitfield 335. Remainder. PCGS Very Fine 30 Apparent. W. L. Ormsby engraved a few series of notes during the Kansas Territorial period, mostly from Leavenworth as seen in this sale. The State Bank notes from Lecompton are much rarer than those, and visually striking like most Ormsby notes. As anti-raising devices for each denomination, the cherub was used as a counter, with one cherub per $1 of denomination (2 cherubs on the $2, and so on). The series also used the Ormsby orange color backs. Within the frame of ornate shield corners and filigree, three cherubs with floral wreaths frolic across the face of this note. The back has a three intersecting orange "target" dies. Lecompton, founded in 1854, was named for Samuel D. Lecompte, the first Chief Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court. In 1855, the town became the capital of the Kansas Territory. Lecompton was home to many pro-slavery advocates; Kansas was a hotbed of debate on the Abolition issue. Eventually, the anti-slavery forces gained control of the legislature in the elections of 1857, disavowed "Lecompton Constitution" and repealed the pro-slavery territorial statutes. The victorious Free Soil Party took Kansas into the Union in 1861 and the capital was moved to Topeka, leaving Lecompton a comparative footnote today. Noted with "Small Rust Stains." This is a very distinctive rarity. Ex: Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society
Realized $646.25. Newman VII (Heritage Auctions, 10/2015), lot 18312. Description courtesy of Heritage Auctions.