||Lecompton, KS - State Bank $5 Nov. 1, 1856 KS-55 G8a, Whitfield 336. Remainder. PCGS Very Fine 25 Apparent. W. L. Ormsby engraved a few series of notes during the Kansas Territorial period, mostly from Leavenworth as seen in the Newman Collection sales. The State Bank notes from Lecompton are much rarer than those, and visually striking like most Ormsby notes. As anti-raising devices for each denomination, the cherub was used as a counter, with one cherub per $1 of denomination (2 cherubs on the $2, and so on). The series also used the Ormsby orange color backs. Within the frame of ornate shield corners and filigree, five cherubs with floral wreaths frolic across the face of this note in an arcing pattern. The back has five intersecting orange "Washington" dies. Lecompton, founded in 1854, was named for Samuel D. Lecompte, the first Chief Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court. In 1855, the town became the capital of the Kansas Territory. Lecompton was home to many pro-slavery advocates; Kansas was a hotbed of debate on the Abolition issue. Eventually, the anti-slavery forces gained control of the legislature in the elections of 1857, disavowed the "Lecompton Constitution" and repealed the pro-slavery territorial statutes. The victorious Free Soil Party took Kansas into the Union in 1861 and the capital was moved to Topeka, leaving Lecompton a comparative footnote today. Noted with "Minor Stains." This is a very distinctive note, and difficult to obtain. Ex: Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society, Heritage Auctions Internet Sale (5/2016).
(Description courtesy of Heritage Auctions, ha.com.) Realized $646.25