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    Harper's New Monthly Magazine (pg. 779)

    /1899 Numismatics Periodicals

    VI six pairs of tennis shoes for Henri II bought one notices in the last year of his life a game of marbles for Louis XI also purchased when he was an old man If it be true that when you know upon what a man spends his money you know what he is these notes give opportunity for comparison between the natural tastes of kings and their achievements In spite of the fact that the reign of charlemagne was much before the be ginning of the archives curiosity led me to go back to it to begin my researches It would have been interesting to dis cover that he foreshadowed the great emperor he was to become by showing some originality in his amusements but the only thing of which I found record was the beautiful chess board with men of carved ivory which is preserved to day in the Bibliothfe


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society (pg. 102)

    /1982 Numismatics Periodicals

    and that in Paris come from the same pair of dies and have the same die axes Even if the dies exhibit signs of wear on some coins it is certain that the issues cannot have been abundant This rarity the peculiar character of the epigraphy and the typology itself have contributed to the hesitation over classification that one can sense Gariel attributes the type to Charles the Fat Prou 9 to charlemagne Morrison and Grunthal to Charles the Simple coming back to the former attribution of the Cabinet at Paris still recorded on its ticket Such attributions have not in any case always been justified Gariel in fact follows Longperier Catalogue of the Rousseau collection 1847 p 196 who explains his attribut ion as follows In order to class these two coins under Charles the Fat 1 base m


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    Harper's Monthly Magazine (pg. 399)

    /1900 Numismatics Periodicals

    are of yourself he said roughly Please said Charley Steele They were the last words he uttered that night for suddenly the other lantern went out there was a rush and a strug gle a muffled groan a shrill woman s voice a scramble and hurrying feet a noise of a something splashing heavily in the water outside and when the lights were up again the room was empty save for Theophile charlemagne Jake Hough and Suzon who lay in a faint on the floor with a nasty bruise on her forehead A score of river drivers were scattering into the country side and somewhere in the black river alive or dead was Charley Steele CHAPTER IX OLD DEBTS FOR NEW J O NADEAU was defying the law of the river he was running a little raft down the stream at night instead of tying up at sundown and campin


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    Harper's Monthly Magazine (pg. 560)

    /1907 Numismatics Periodicals

    A COUNTRY UNDER TWO KINGS 505 She had certainly been imprudent in her entertaining of Eginhard with her father unaware but her speeding of the parting guest was beyond all praise For she promptly took Eginhard upon her shoul ders and carried him to where his footsteps would not be evidence condemnatory But charlemagne unknown to them was a spectator from one of the tower windows Yet it all came out right just as a sweet old tale ought to do and they married and lived happily ever after The sour Carlyle speaks derisively of it Charlemagne with wanton daughters carrying secretaries through the snow he jibes but his intemperate pluraliza tion shows how bent he was upon avoid ing all sweetness and ch


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society (pg. 27)

    /1995 Numismatics Periodicals

    of Earduulf s life began in 806 and came to an end in 808 for the Annals of the Frankish Kings really do no more than record his continental journey in the months before his return to Northumbria The year 808 is likely to be more accurate in that context than it is in Roger s calculation of Earduulf s actual expulsion It ought not to be assumed without question that Earduulf sought refuge with charlemagne immediately after his deposition If Earduulf had been badly wounded at Ripon he may never afterwards have been a really fit man If after a year of exile from Northumbria spent elsewhere in Britain he decided to go to Rome that project may have been intended as much as a pilgrimage as a means of seeking ecclesiastical help in accomplishing his restoration as king the journey would afford a


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    Harper's New Monthly Magazine (pg. 406)

    /1880 Numismatics Periodicals

    A MARTIN SUMMER IN THE GARDEN OF FRANCE The sc is the road of the bold Frontier of the wheat sown plains The pit where the streams are rolled And fountain of the rains It required all the brave heart so match ed with the forces of inanimate nature to grapple as Alcuin did with the more cruel powers of animate nature It was the greatest victory that charlemagne ever won when he won the heart of Alcuin when he met the travelling scholar at Parma and carried him off in triumph to Tours York has never realized from 781 when he left to 1871 what a son she lost in that charming thinker and poet But France recognized the treasure Charle magne had brought so well that the man uscript of one of his books presented by the Bishop of Laon to his cathed


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    Harper's New Monthly Magazine (pg. 522)

    /1881 Numismatics Periodicals

    rbor ough that the tutor was the poet and that the abbot had this copy of the poem made for the library of his monastery All this is surmise however Theroulde decli net may mean only the copyist but it is tolerably certain that this version of the epic dating from the eleventh century was made up in part of shorter poems on the same subject much older and proba bly lyrical such as charlemagne collect ed and the French women used to sing to the music of the clapping of their hands Etutob b Notk The illustrations for this article are reproduced from the etchings by Chifflart and Foulquier in La Chanson de Roland Tours 1872 by permission of the publishers Alfred Mnme et Fils Go gle The jongleur s violin was often made of iron or copper and sometimes he used his sword for a


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    Harper's New Monthly Magazine (pg. 525)

    /1881 Numismatics Periodicals

    508 HARPER S NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE The mighty charlemagne by dint of blows For seven long years had kept his hold on Spain He captured castles and he captured towns The King Marsile grew anxious and he sent The first year of his stay to Balingant He was the admiral the old Emir Who lived in Babylon in Egypt He Had survived Homer and Virgil Him Marsile had asked for help for Saragossa If twas refused Marsile would leave his gods And all hi


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    Harper's New Monthly Magazine (pg. 531)

    /1881 Numismatics Periodicals

    g to end a Christian poem the story of a signal de feat that becomes an inspiration for a great triumph It is eminently serious in its tone the only comic part being that where Ganelon is chained up like a tame bear and given over to the King s scullions to be beaten with rods This gayety has been truly said to savor more of camps than courts There is a supernatural fla vor throughout charlemagne is warned in dreams he bids the sun stand still like Joshua and is obeyed angels stoop over the dying Roland and help the Emperor to avenge his loss Roland dies as a hero and a martyr but greater than his affection for the Church is his love of France Dreading lest Durandal should fall into pagan hands after his death he prays O Lord God our Father let not France be brought to shame


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    Coin World [11/01/1963] (pg. 80)

    11/1/1963

    zilian coins in wooden pat terns Anybody going to Brazil and wanting to discuss coins will find Gandolfo affable and inter esting His address is Francis co Gandolfo Correio do Povo Seccao Numismatica Porto Ale gre Rio Grande do Sul Brazil When I met my friend Emilio from Andorra during my last trip in Europe he confronted me with a new historical prob lem We had always associated charlemagne with the start of Andorra but i ever were we aware that it was Charlemagne who made Andorra known but it was Louis le Debonnaire who founded Andorra and confirm ed the independence promised by his father Charlemagne Louis le Debonnaire called Louis the Pious reigned from 814 to 840 and was born in 778 He was Emperor of the West and king of France Charle magne had died in 814 Now Andorra


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    Coin World [10/02/1995] (pg. 18)

    10/2/1995

    ges Others used Latin Many use abbreviations on the cramped small diameter coins Latin terms on medieval coins make identification difficult The German city of Cologne becomes Colonia the Italian city of Genoa becomes Ianva and the French city of Orleans becomes Avrelianvs on some coin legends Sovereigns with names such as Charles are referred to as Carolvs and John as Iohannes charlemagne means Charles the Great The word in a coin legend for prince may be princeps civ itas for a city and dux for a duke Monograms are used on many coin types from issues of Charlemagne crowned in 800 through modem issues Modem monograms are identified in various coin catalogs A few medieval monograms are iden tified in specialized books on specific geographic regions The books are


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    Coin World [09/06/1978] (pg. 53)

    9/6/1978

    Span 1 200 years COIN WORLD Wednesday September 6 1978 Page 53 Papal coins trace Europe s history by Dr Thomas F Fitzgerald The history of the Papal States the growth of the popes earthly powers and the resul tant papal coinage all were traced in Part I of this series The sequence began with the silver denaro authorized by charlemagne and issued under Pope Adrian I in the eighth centuiy and continued with some interruptions to the final coins of Pope Pius IX in 1870 Exceeding the coinage out put of other nations and em pires in length and variety the papal coins reflect the history of these territories located in the center of Italy as well as the development of Western Civilization SECOND IN A SERIES Covering a period


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    Coin World [11/03/1960] (pg. 31)

    11/3/1960

    m Barce lona in five hours by car and from France in two hours from Bourg Madame through the breath taking mountain passes In the winter only to be reached from the Spanish side No trains or planes disturb the beautiful tranquility of the scenery Everything can be bought in Andorra at fractions of what it cost in the neighboring countries because Andorra does not levy any taxes or duties charlemagne in 785 A D put A commemorative 50 diners coin struck by Andorra an in dependent principality between France and Spain was designed by Prof Breitholz Hinze a fa mous Hamburg sculptor This of ficially accepted reverse of the coin was obtained for Coin World readers to preview by Hans Schuman Armengol de Moficado born Dapi fer Count of Urgel in charge of the Vails d Andorra and th


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    Coin World [03/04/1981] (pg. 58)

    3/4/1981

    hen the old inhabitants resist ed the Arabs from time to time they formed a union with the Arabs at other times they considered them as enemies but the inhabitants were never subdued They lived on the slopes of the Pyrenees The Southern frontier was formed by what is today the Basque provinces and Aragon till Urgen and Cerdana and the Northern frontier was the river Ardour In the year 778 charlemagne took possession of Pamplona and a part of Navarra Pamplona was continuously in a state of war with the Moors till 806 When the emperor Charlemagne died in 814 they went into rebellion against his son Louis the Pious In 827 Louis needed the help of the counts of Eblo and Aznar and a large army to subjugate Pamplona which they captured rather easily After the fall of Pamplona the armies went b


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    Coin World [05/22/1974] (pg. 46)

    5/22/1974

    carried a catalog estimate of approximately 17 333 50 000 Swiss francs Total realizations reached 1 300 000 believed to be a record for a one day numismatic sale A three Klippe struck in 1513 by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach of Salzburg Asutria fetched 10 000 The Klippe ha the archbishop s bust with the reverse depicting his shield A magnificent 13 ducats gold piece portraying charlemagne and struck for Aachen in 1577 by Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II 1576 1612 drew a winning bid of 23 000 This specimen believed to be unique features Charlemagne seated on his throne with the reverse having Some Chino Inmates Made Own Currency Inmates of the California Youth Authority s Chino facility were discovered recently ap plying themselves en thusiastically to an extra legal operatio


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    Coin World [07/12/1963] (pg. 48)

    7/12/1963

    chen lo Zug by Russell Rulau AUSTRIA A landlocked country neutral ized in its foreign relations by the terms of the 1955 peace treaty with the antagonists in the Cold War militarily helpless and economically a minor power Austria is today a mere shade of what it once was The thousand year tide of empire passed in 1918 and German Austria was re duced to just about what it was in the days of charlemagne small and unimportant yet withal a breathtaking beautiful country Perhaps in no country of the world has numismatics reflected so clearly the mirror of the passing economic scene than in our present subject The length of this subject is of such an extent that three installments in the issues of July 12 July 19 and July 26 will be required to properly document it even for the Numismatic Alphab


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    Coin World [01/29/1964] (pg. 77)

    1/29/1964

    o Morocco from the 14th century on and in the Sa hara trade at the beginning of the 16th century or earlier Thanks to K Falkenberg More corrections have come in lately and it shows that our Coin World public is critical and we are proud of them In a long documented letter about the An dorra coin and its history the writer tries to put some matters straight and to tell us that it was not charlemagne who gave i ADVANCED i ADD TO YOUR COLLECTING PLEASURE SCANOMATIC The Self Contained Coin Examination Center I I I I I I li Coin collscllng ii more fun when the routine chores of coin examin ation and classification are sim plified With Advonced precision engineered occossories these tasks are speeded because you see coins more clearly magnified as much as ten times and can even hove


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    Coin World [05/31/1993] (pg. 46)

    5/31/1993

    sold for 4 800 A complete set of specimen notes of Series 1937 from 1 to 1 000 of Canada produced by the Bank of Canada in choice to gem Uncirculated realized 3 400 There were 1 500 lots in the auction The total hammer price was 1 190 045 plus a 10 percent buyer s fee The auction house reported all lots selling Stack s can be reached at 123 W 57th St New York N Y 10019 2280 Silver charlemagne coin sets medieval coin record price A possible record price was realized for a medieval silver coin in an auction of French royal Burgundian and Merovingian coins sold April 26 28 at Le Grand Hotel in Paris by the Credit de la Bourse SA group of Societe de Banque Suisse Coin dealer Ronald J Gillio of Santa Barbara Calif was in attendance He termed the auction one of the major auc tion s


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    Coin World [09/28/1962] (pg. 65)

    9/28/1962

    om Barce lona in 5 hours by car and from France in 2 hours from Bourg Madame through the breath tak ing mountain passes In the Win ter only to be reached from the Spanish side No trains or planes disturb the beautiful tranquillity of the scenery Everything can be bought in Andorra at fractions of what it costs in the neighboring countries because Andorra does not levy any taxes or duties charlemagne in 785 A D put Armengol de Moncado born Dapi fer Count of Urgel in charge of the Vails d Andorra and the his tory of Andorra began The beau tiful tombstones of a direct des cendant of Armengol VII Count of Urgel and his wile Dulcia Foix are at the Cloisters Museum in New York In 1419 Francesco de Tovia gave a self determination right to Andorra and established the coun cil as it st


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    Coin World [07/14/1976] (pg. 79)

    7/14/1976

    that British numismatists have achieved in their field But on the other hand tackling medieval coins from Ger many may be an adventure It is like exploring an unknown country One reason for this is that with few exceptions not many written records about money and coinage have survived to our days Another reason is that Germany until 1803 was split into several hundred territories When charlemagne conquered the land of the Saxon tribe in what is now Northwest Germany in the second half of the Eighth century coins as a medium of exchange were practically unknown Farmers produced only for their own demand and for that of their landlord Trade was less developed than in the west and the Rhine Valley But with the conquerors came the first coins When the palace of Charlemagne in Paderborn


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    Coins: The Magazine of Coin Collecting - May 1964 (pg. 15)

    5/1/1964 Numismatics Periodicals

    in Western Europe that as coin age of gold began to appeal there The Romans can be thanked for the appearance of Brittania on English coins the pieces were still referred to as Bezants making a gold coin a Bezant whether it were worth one dollar or ten Throughout this period we find chronicals referring to payments of large debts and obligations in Bezants Around the end of the 8th century charlemagne revised the currency sys tem of France using a basic unit ol a pound of solid silver This idea he derived from the Roman acs grave a large bronze coin weighing one Ro man pound Charlemagne s silver coins were called deniers from the Latin denarius King Offa of Mercia in the years 757 795 copied Charlemagne s use of a pound of silver dividing it into 240 parts and issued silver pennies


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    Coins: The Magazine of Coin Collecting - February 1968 (pg. 32)

    2/1/1968 Numismatics Periodicals

    was seldom coined after the emperor Caracalla introduced the antoninianus or double denar ius It disappeared when Diocletian reformed the coinage but reap peared as a small unit of account in the fourth century In the eighth century Charle magne introduced his silver penny or denier into all of Western Eu rope His penny was coined at the rate of 240 to the pound of silver Pennies of charlemagne s design were coined from mints in Spain France Italy Germany and the Netherlands The usual type has the KAROLUS monogram and roy al titles on the obverse with a short cross and the mint name on the reverse Charlemagne divided the pound libra of silver into twenty solidi of twelve denarii each In France the names were livres sols and deniers Italy called the units lire soldi and de


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    Coins: The Magazine of Coin Collecting - April 1984 (pg. 28)

    4/1/1984 Numismatics Periodicals

    Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ire land of 10 State of Beard Island Fantasy Coin Recently Released A fantasy coin supposedly issued by Etat Souverain de l lle Barbe Sovereign State of Beard Island according to coin dealer Serge Huard Pointe aux Trembles Quebec The 40mm reeded edge bronze piece carries the denom ination 10 poils and bears on obverse a facing crowned bust of charlemagne surrounded by the legend in French La Barbe Meurt Mais Ne Se Rase Pas and his name Charlemagne For legend stops the obverse uses a curious device a crossed knife and fork twice flanking the name Charlemagne The reverse depicts a moun tainous island on which can be seen a castle two churches and a tower Huard calls this a satirical piece although at what its sat ire is directed i


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    Coins: The Magazine of Coin Collecting - February 1988 (pg. 39)

    2/1/1988 Numismatics Periodicals

    City_ State Zip 52 COMMISSIONING AUTHORIZATION THE SWORD OF charlemagne Please mail by February 29 1988 1 The Franklin Mint i Franklin Center Pennsylvania 19091 Please enter my commission for the historic re creation of The Sword of Charlemagne i I need send no payment now I will be billed for the issue price of 395 in five equal monthly installments of 79 each i beginning when my sword is ready to be sent i to me 1 will receive the 44 3 x 9 3


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    Coins: The Magazine of Coin Collecting - October 1990 (pg. 20)

    10/1/1990 Numismatics Periodicals

    New Issues Ordering information is provided when available Prices are in U S dollars unless otherwise noted France charlemagne set Thrcc coin set commemorating 1990 as the Year of Liter ac and the approximate 700th anniversary of the introduc tion of the ecu coin in France Common obverse stylized portrait of Charlemagne Common reverse Charlemagne s monogram K R Y L denomination date and French motto Each coin is dual denominated in francs and ECUs European currency unit and has a diameter of 31 milli m


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    Coin World [5/12/1976] (pg. 82)

    5/12/1976

    the government was a debtor or creditor It is not surprising that there was little confidence in the currency Transactions in kind were preferred over monetary transactions ever when coined money was available The Lombard duchies provide a good example of the economic situation in medieval Italy At first under the dominion of the Lombard kings of Italy in 774 they came under the control of charlemagne who deposed the Lom bard Desiderius and annexed the kingdom The Lombard rulers were then allowed to assume the title of Dux through the ruler Grimoald III while acknowledging Charlemagne as his overlord In 792 they assumed the title princeps The Lombard economy was affected by both the Franks from the north and the Byzan tines from the south The Lombard rulers like their Frankish overlo


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    NENA News: 1956 (pg. 44)

    /1956 Numismatics Periodicals

    ding end holding a cross and later on when the emperors depicted themselves riding the saint also rides The Byzantine Empire carried on the traditions of neient Rome end served as a buffer state between Christian ic stern Europe and the Mohammedan countries during the Middle Agcs 0 After the downfall of the I cstcrn Roman Empire in 476 A D the first dawn of pormcnant recovery camo under charlemagne Just prior to Charlemagne King Pepin the king of the Franks gave Pope Stephen II temporal powers over several smell towns and areas in Central Italy as the area of temporal power of the popes increased by the gifts of Charlemagne it became necessary for the popes to issue coins Papal coinage began with Pope drian I in the latter part of the eighth century However it seems that few or


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    American Journal of Numismatics (Series One), Vols. 47 - 48 (pg. 25)

    /1913

    The Dated European Coinage Prior to 1501 1373 1 Aachen Long cross Groschen of Jungheit Lietzmann 8 Farina 1960 Obv Long cross Outer inscription XO VU OfT XO TiXl DDIJP ooarixxm inner inscription MOI 8 I VI Rev Bust of charlemagne holding a sceptre and globe beneath an eagle and shield KTTI OIiV iDTI I V3 II e I 7rT sic lungheit also varioii sly written hiiigkeit and Junkheit was formerly a borough near Aachen the burggraves of which exercised the privileges of seigniorage but at what period they obtained this right is not known 1374 2 Aachen Long cross Groschen of Jungheit Liet niann 9 Farina


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    Numismatics International Bulletin (pg. 33)

    1/1/2010

    us A Silver Denier Numismatica Ars Classica Image enlarged Pope Leo III 795 to 816 with Louis the Pious 814 to 816 840 Denier AR 1 65 g Obv SCS PETRVS around LEO PAPA in monogram Rev LODOICHVS around monogram CNI 5 Muntoni 2 Berman 15 This coin is of the greatest rarity being only the third specimen known and the only specimen not in a museum With the historic coronation of charlemagne Leo III introduced the custom of crowning the emperor Here we see for the first time the Pope placing his own name on coins together with that of the emperor Moreover since he adopted the monetary system of France the coins issued during his pontificate constitute the papacy s first distinct coinage later called antiquiores ancients since the silver of his predecessor Adrian I was based


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    Numismatics International Bulletin (pg. 6)

    5/1/2012

    best known type of Pepin with the design on the obverse being a monogram of Pipin and the reverse reading in very abbreviated form Rex Francorum King of the Franks The royal monogram was to become particularly popular on Carolingian obverses Carloman is illustrated in Coin Two which shows the name of the moneyer Leutbra on the reverse Carloman s coins are the rarest of the series charlemagne minted deniers of three types The earliest from 768 until ca 790 is illustrated by Coin Three minted at the Church of St Finnin at Amiens The obverse reads CAROL REX King Charles and the reverse gives the name of the church in Amiens SCI FIRMINI St Finnin s The coins of Charlemagne s second period date to between ca 790 and 800 and seem to leap suddenly from the Dark Ages into Medie


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    Numismatics International Bulletin (pg. 7)

    9/1/2012

    The Archbishopric of Trier Richard Plant For Roman collectors who know all about the very prolific Roman mint of Trier it is good to know that we can continue the long numismatic history of that city with very few gaps right through the medieval period up almost into modern times I pass over the rare coins minted for the Merovingian Kings for charlemagne himself and the earlier Carolingians although they did mint silver deniers here instead I begin with a denier of the last ruler of the House of Charlemagne Louis the Child who ruled as German King and then Holy Roman Emperor AD 900 9 1 1 On the obverse of Coin 1 we read Louis s name beginning with an H as HLVDOVVICVS REX with a very poor copy of Charlemagne s Temple type on the reverse


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    Numismatic Literature (1964-1965) (pg. 622)

    /1965 Numismatics

    Vol 13 No 11 1964 pp 91 93 Many of the clandestine mints operated by forgers between the Middle Ages and the early nineteenth century were hidden in caves where they were reasonably safe from detection by the authorities The writer mentions a number of such mints which have been discovered in Moravia Poland and particularly France hg SUCHODOLSKI STANISLAW Le poids des monnaies de charlemagne emises aprfes la rtforme In Dona Numismatica Walter Hdvemick sum 23 Januar 1965 dargebracht Hamburg 1965 pp 43 50 diagrs After a brief summary of past efforts made to determine the weights of the post reform coinage of Charlemagne and a discussion of the diffi culties encountered by earlier scholars Suchodolski explains the statistical method which he himself uses His frequency tabl


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    Numismatic Literature (1966-1968) (pg. 275)

    /1968 Numismatics

    ion in the March lands of the North west The Adriatic Coast as a Meeting place in Monetary Affairs Silver mining and the Rise of the South Slav Monetary Systems The Petty Currency of Feudal Greece Coinage in the Restored Empire and in Bulgaria Travel lers Hoards The Empire of Stefan Dusan Appended is an index of hoards and other coin finds referred to in the text METCALF D M Coins of charlemagne reading DMAG C S In Hamburger Beitrdge zur Numismatik Vol 6 Nos 18 19 1964 65 pp 13 20 pi 3 In an attempt to define more precisely the stylistic devolution of Charlemagne s series of pre reform deniers Metcalf submits several specimens to close examination and as a result is able to posit a chrono logical sequence for the pieces studied On the basis of certain peculiar ities of d


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    Numismatic Literature (1966-1968) (pg. 502)

    /1968 Numismatics

    alterlichen und neuzeitlichen Miinzfunde aus Bayern in den Jahren 1963 1965 In Jahrbuch fur Numismatik und Geldgeschichte Vol 16 1966 pp 109 159 pis 14 16 illus This list and full description of the 51 hoards found on Bavarian territory in 1963 65 continues the bibliography of Bavarian coin hoards in this journal see NL 69 p 345 Eugene Dwyer THOMPSON MARGARET The Monogram of charlemagne in Greek In American Numismatic Society Museum Notes XII New York 1966 pp 125 127 A rather rare denier has on one face the standard monogram of Charle magne and on the other a second monogram which has never been satisfactorily explained It is interpreted as a rendering of Charlemagne s name in Greek letters Author TOURS J A De kennis van de eigen bedrijfsorganisatie toegepast o


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    Numismatic Literature (1999) (pg. 115)

    /1999 Numismatics

    inland was conquered by Russia inflation had caused Russian metallic currency to disappear from circulation In this situation plans were made to use local copper from the Orijarvi mine for minting copper coins of Russian type The plans were not realized but in the 1860s this copper was used for striking some of Finland s first coins Author 546 TAMEANKO MARVIN The Architectural Deniers of charlemagne AD 771 814 The Anvil 8 no 3 1998 pp 37 39 41 43 46 49 51 Architectural types were reintroduced by Charlemagne after a hiatus of about 400 years His coinage is usually divided into four classes and they are described in this article Class 4 coins featuring two architectural designs were struck from 812 814 at about 10 mints The temple style can be compared to Roman temple designs on


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    The TNA News: October 1993 Vol. XXXIII No. 5 (pg. 7)

    10/1/1993 Numismatics Periodicals

    to do with the writing of these bimonthly comments that s a deadline which looks so far out in the future until it gets realm close Then I know Bob Metzger is expecting a contribution and psychologically I feel my arm being twisted to say do or write something even if it s right write FACTS FROM THE PAST Did you know Charlie His last name was Magne you might have heard of him as charlemagne He lived from 742 to 814 was king of the Franks and emperor of the Romans After many successful military actions he controlled most of Europe He and his father before him were strong supporters of the Roman Church and their generosity kept it the dominant religion The history books regard Charlemagne as the forerunner of Napoleon and Hitler He was a big man standing six feet four inche


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    History of the kings of France; containing the principal incidents in their lives, from the foundation of the monarchy to Louis Phillippe, with a concise biography of each. Illustrated by seventy-two portraits of the sovereigns of France (pg. 106)

    /1846 France History

    gg charlemagne tranquillity But this was embittered by the death of his son Pepin whom he had placed on the throne of Italy an infant son of that prince named Bernard was appointed by the disconsolate emperor to succeed his father In a few months after this severe loss he had fresh cause for lamentation in the death of his eldest son Charles who died in the thirty fifth year of his age All his hopes


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    Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society (pg. 457)

    /1958 Anthology

    TRESOR DE MONNAIES CAROLINGIENNES DECOUVERT DANS LE JURA 1 Jean Lafaurie Les tresors monetaires carolingiens anterieurs a la reforme de charlemagne sont particulierement rares Un seul a ete jusqu ici signale sur le territoire frangais cinq a l etranger i en Italie 2 en Suisse i aux Pays Bas i en Allemagne Un nouveau tresor nous est connu grace a Pextreme obligeance de MM Emile Bourgey et Maurice Grenier Laforex experts a Paris qui ont bien voulu nous signaler son acquisition Malgre les imprecisions sur les circonstances et le lieu


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    Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society (pg. 466)

    /1958 Anthology

    s globules au revers les lettres SCO surmontees d une croix 23 Peut etrc ont ils etc frappes pour l eglise Saint Cosme ou pour l eglise Saint Christophe dans les faubourgs de Reims leur nombre relativement peu considerable dans le tresor de Nice Cimiez 5 pieces perrnet de proposer une origine aussi lointaine Le style tres comparable de ces pieces de celles de Lambert et du denier au nom de charlemagne ne peut que leur assigner une meme origine qui est tres vraisemblablement Reims Les deniers de Charlemagne posterieurs a celui trouve dans le Jura portent les legendes plus developpees Rem is civil ou Sancta Maria Remorum Quel enseignement peut on tirer de 1 etude de ce petit tresor La composition est conforme a celle des rares autres tresors monetaires enfouis avant la refornre de Charle


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    Early Medieval Numismatic Bibliography (pg. 23)

    3/17/2018 Bibliography Medieval

    892 MEC DE COSTER L 1853 Renseignements pour servir a la numismatique de la seconde race RBN 2 3 pp 357 69 Carolingian 893 MEC DE COSTER L 1855 Nouvelles considerations sur les monnaies restituees a charlemagne RBN 2 5 pp 1 21 Carolingian 894 MEC DE COSTER L 1857 Explications faisant suite aux precedentes notices sur l attribution a Charlemagne de quelques types monetaires RBN 3 1 pp 30 54 Carolingian 895 WOdV DE COSTER L 1859 Considerations a propos de quelques deniers inedits de Pepin le bref et de Charlemagne Revue Beige de Numismatique pp 210 258 Carolingian 896 MEC DE COSTER


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    Early Medieval Numismatic Bibliography (pg. 53)

    3/17/2018 Bibliography Medieval

    s Continental LONGPERIER A DE 1841 Remarkable gold coin of Offa NC 4 pp 232 4 Offa LONGPERIER A DE 1842 The gold mancus NC 5 1842 3 pp 122 4 reprinted in his Oeuvres IV Paris 1883 pp 112 14 LONGPERIER A DE 1847 Notice des monnaies ffan aises composant la collection de M J Rousseau Paris LONGPERIER A DE 1856 Quelques deniers de Pepin de Carloman et de charlemagne RN2 1 1856 pp 180 9 Bel Air find with some others reprinted in his Oeuvres IV Paris 1883 pp 337 45 LONGPERIER A DE 1858 Cent deniers de Pepin de Carloman et de Charlemagne decouvert pres d Imphy en Nivemais RN2 1858 pp 202 62 reprinted in his Oeuvres V Paris 1883 pp 1 53 Gold and Gold Shillings Collections Catalogues and Sylloges Carolingian Carolingian LONGU


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    Early Medieval Numismatic Bibliography (pg. 59)

    3/17/2018 Bibliography Medieval

    2372 MEC 2373 MEC 2374 MEC 2375 MEC 2376 MEC 2377 MEC 2378 MEC 2379 MEC 2380 BNJi 2381 MEC 2382 MEC 2383 MEC 2384 MEC 2385 GW 2386 WOdV 2387 ciSNC 2388 2389 MEC 2390 GW METCALF D M and NORTHOVER J P 1988 The Northumbrian royal coinage in the time of Ethelred II and Northumbria Osberht CN pp 187 233 METCALF D M and NORTHOVER J P 1989 Coinage alloys from the time of Offa and charlemagne to c 864 NC Monetary Studies 149 pp 101 20 METCALF D M and NORTHOVER J P 2002 Sporadic debasement in the English coinage c 1009 1052 NC Monetary Studies 162 pp 217 236 METCALF D M and SCHWEIZER F 1970 Milliprobe analyses of some Visigothic Suevic and other gold coins of Migration Period the early middle ages Archaeometry 12 pp 173 88 METCALF D M and STOS GA


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    Early Medieval Numismatic Bibliography (pg. 68)

    3/17/2018 Bibliography Medieval

    J VON 1904 Das Hoheitsrecht iiber Rom auf Miinzen und Urkunden bis zur Mitte des 11 Jahrhunderts Historiches Jahrbuch 25 pp 34 61 465 84 PICQUE C 1888 74016 sur quelques acquisitions faites en 1887 par le Cabinet de Numismatique de l Etat a Bruxelles Collections Catalogues Brussels ASFN 12 pp 337 44 and Sylloges PIERFITTE G 1933 Numismatique toulousaine les monnaies de charlemagne et de Charles le Chauve RN 4 36 pp Carolingian 149 54 PIGANIOL A 1945 Le probleme de l or au IVe siecle Annales d histoire sociale 7 1945 pp 47 53 reprinted in bis Scripta varia III Latomus 133 Brussels 1973 pp 306 15 PILET LEMIERE J 1978 Les monnaies medievales de la fouille du Palais de Justice de Rouen BSFN 33 6 pp 397 400 PINDER M and FRIEDLAENDER J 1


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    The Coin Collector's Manual: Vol. II (pg. 173)

    /1853 General Guide

    all copper and generally bear the inscription FELIX RAVENNA The gold and silver of the eastern empire were found to form a sufficient circulation in those metals for Italy The Lombards who subdued the north of Italy 572 a d and occupied it for two centuries have left no coinage to record their rule and we find no Italian coin belonging pro perly to the modern series till the issues of charlemagne at Alilan about 780 He also struck coins at Eome Hi Milanese coins have a cross and on the reverse the mono gram of Carolus with MEDIOL These tj pes of Milanese coins are found of successive German emperors till the 13th century About the period of Charlemagne the modern Italian coinage of silver pennies commences founded like that of Erance Spain and England on the old Eoman den


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    Triton I (pg. 331)



    TRITON Qh 1841 DENMARK Harold Bluetooth Circa 940 985 AR Half Bracteate 0 40 gm Imitation of a charlemagne denier of the Dorestad mint CARO LVS in two lines DOR STAT in two lines Both legends degenerate G Galster Vikingetids mentfund fra Bornholm NNA 1977 8 21 2 and pg 171 Hauberg pl 1 1 EF 500 Trade connections with the Franks inspired the Norsemen to begin an independent coinage One of the more important trade routes led through the Frisian town of Dorestad which was in Carolin


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    Triton XV (Sessions 3, 4) (pg. 200)

    Ancient

    EARLY DATED COINAGE 1670 GERMANY Aachen Stadt AR Groschen 25mm 2 57 g 7h Dated 1405 in mixed spelled out and Roman numerals SOSSRAROL MTA GNVSsTPARAT crowned half length bust of Karl der Grobe charlemagne facing slightly right wearing mantum and holding city model and imperial orb coat of arms below ANNOEsDOMINIsMIGUVESIMGs CCCCCOVINTO HMON A TH VRB TGEN cross pattée Levinson I 8 Near EF toned a few minor deposits A well struck example Rare 1000 From the R J Weinstein Collection Ex Classical Numismatic Auctions X 21 March 1990 lot 1061 1671 GERMANY Aachen Stadt AR Gro


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    Triton XVIII (Sessions 3, 4) (pg. 129)

    Ancient

    1386 CAROLINGIANS charlemagne Charles the Great As Charles I King of the Franks 768 814 AR Denier 21mm 1 62 g 12h Class 3 Papia Pavia mint Struck 793 4 812 CARLVS REX ER cross pattée PeAPIA CAROLVS monogram Coupland Charlemagne Depeyrot 780E M G 208 MEC 1 744 Good VF toned some light cleaning scratches on reverse 2000 From the Joseph R Lasser Collection for the benefit of The Colonial


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    Triton XIX (Sessions 3, 4) (pg. 96)

    Ancient

    Portrait Gold Issue for charlemagne 2207 CAROLINGIANS Charlemagne Charles the Great As Charles I King of the Franks 768 814 AV Tremissis 17mm 0 98 g 11h Lucca mint FL AVI A LYC A six rayed star small leaves between rays in Ys D N CA R VLUS RE facing half length bust Bernareggi Bernareggi Tremissi Bernareggi Moneta Depeyrot 515B CNI IX 1 Gariel 172 Kluge 199 BMC Vandals Arslan


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