Born in Waterbury, Connecticut. Married Aurelia Grether June 17, 1926. They had a daughter and son. Received A.B. from Williams College in 1921; attended American School of Classical Studies in Athens 1921 to 1922; M.A. from University of Wisconsin in 1923; Ph.D. in 1925.
Instructor at University of Wisconsin 1923 to 1924; assistant professor 1925 to 1927; assistant professor at Yale 1927 to 1929; professor at Western Reserve University (now Case Western) 1929 to 1942; at private school 1942 to 1948; professor at Upsala College 1948 to 1949; Wagner College 1949 to 1959; assistant, associate and professor at City University of New York 1960 to 1970; professor emeritus after 1970.
He wrote a series published with the ANS monographs including Counterfeiting in Colonial New York in 1953, ANS 127; Counterfeiting in Colonial Pennsylvania in 1955, ANS 132; Counterfeiting in Colonial Connecticut in 1957, ANS 140.
Author of Counterfeiting in Colonial America in 1957. He wrote more than a dozen articles on counterfeiting for various publications.
bio: ConAut 69, 11NR, 26NR DOD:SSDI