In 1837, through an ordinance passed by the special Council, the four banks doing business in Lower Canada were authorized to issue regular bank tokens. As these bore the figure of a French-Canadian farmer on the obverse, they are known as the "Habitant" tokens. They came to be recognized and accepted as a regular provincial coinage. See Papineau.
Source: Frey's Dictionary (American Journal of Numismatics, Vol. 50, 1916)