Background Punch. A punch used by engravers to manually apply a repeated design – as stipple – to form texture in the field of a die or medallic piece. Some engravers once made their own background punches by acid etching one or more punches; this produced an irregular pattern that they could apply as irregular variegated texture to the background. Some engravers even like to use broken punches for the irregular design it provided. The British use the term backgrounding for applying punches to form a background texture. See punch, puncheon (1).
excerpted with permission from
For Artists, Makers, Collectors and Curators
COMPILED AND WRITTEN BY D. WAYNE JOHNSON
Roger W. Burdette, Editor