Skip to content


Conjoined.  Two or more figures or portraits joined together, usually overlapping, to form a single device. In numismatics the term almost always applies to several heads appearing on the same side of a numismatic item. As such, conjoined is the same as accolated and jugate, implying the heads are all facing the same way. The term is opposite of vis-a-vis or Tete-a-tete, which means two heads facing. The degree of overlapping is not material to being conjoined, nor is the number of heads or portraits. As example, four such conjoined heads appeared on the Society of Medalists issue #84. When describing a numismatic object it is customary to identify the portraits from left to right, and change from this order needs to be spelled out in the description. One or more heads on each side of a numismatic item is bijugate.

excerpted with permission from

An Encyclopedia of Coin and Medal Technology

For Artists, Makers, Collectors and Curators


Roger W. Burdette, Editor

NNP is 100% non-profit and independent // Your feedback is essential and welcome. // Your feedback is essential and welcome.