Incrusted Patina. A thick, hard, natural coating on buried or sunken objects, formed by a chemical reaction on the surface of the object and its atmosphere of soil or salt water, usually over a long period of time. The copper in the bronze slowly reacts with sulfur in its environment to form copper sulfate. Incrusted patina is somewhat self-sealing, prohibiting corrosion or further chemical attack. The Latin term is aerugo nobilis (literally, noble rust). See patina.
excerpted with permission from
For Artists, Makers, Collectors and Curators
COMPILED AND WRITTEN BY D. WAYNE JOHNSON
Roger W. Burdette, Editor