||Armstrong Academy, Indian Territory (OK) - Choctaw Nation - Choctaw Treasury Warrant $1 March 1, 1863 Cr. CHOC2A , Burgett 2, Durand IT-2. PCGS Very Fine 30 Apparent. The Confederate-period Indian Nations notes provide a window into this lesser known Civil War-era military theatre. Confederate currency scholars and collectors have studied these series and Eric P. Newman found their history compelling. The Choctaw Nation pieces are well known and collected in the Southern States canon with Criswell-Shull numbers. The Armstrong Academy was founded in 1845 by the Baptist Mission. The notes used different colored paper to help differentiate the four denominations. Printed on light blue rag paper, without an imprint, using a local typeset style in black. A double-line border encloses the texts and obligations. The denomination ONE DOLLAR is across, with a pattern at the left end. The bottom has a small "$1" and "1" counter. Signed at lower right by J. Riley as the "National Secretary of said Nation." The diagonal signature of "S.[amuel] Garland/P.C.C N." across the left is the official face endorsement, and the written "Paid" vertically down the center notes the redemption cited by grading as "Pen Cancelled." No. 1251/Q No.1. The back is endorsed, and the note was reissued on Oct. 17, 1865, with five percent interest. Grading notes "Minor Stains." The stains show to the face a bit, but this is a rare and interesting issue. Ex: Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society.
From Newman X (Heritage Auctions, November 2018), lot 20173, realized $1440.