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    The C4 Newsletter: Summer 2016

    6/1/2016

    Summer 2016 COLONEL WILLIAM H Coley HONORING AN AMERICAN HERO Christopher R McDowell As part of the research into my article Daniel Van Voorhis New York Coiner which appeared in the last issue of The C4 Newsletter I briefly examined the life of Van Voorhis partner William H Coley Van Voorhis and Coley were partners in the Vermont and Machin s Mills minting operations William Coley who engraved the dies for Vermont s


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    GRAVESIDE CEREMONY FOR COLONIAL MINTER WILLIAM COLEY

    06/26/2016

    GRAVESIDE CEREMONY FOR COLONIAL MINTER WILLIAM Coley http www coinbooks org esylum_v19n26a16 html Gary Trudgen submitted this item about a ceremony that was recently held at the gravesite of William Coley a partner in the Vermont and Machin s Mills mints Thanks Editor Colonel William H Coley Graveside Ceremony The Colonial Coin Collectors Club C4 honored the memory of William Coley on June 18 2016 at his gravesi


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    The C4 Newsletter: Spring 2016

    3/1/2016

    Spring 2016 W illiam Coley s name appears in the books of Vermont s North Star Masonic Lodge on November 2 1786 Shortly after joining the lodge Coley who was an active mason his entire adult life executed a seal of copper for use of the Lodge 27 Rupert s land records show that on March 23 1787 William Coley of New York purchased a 144 5 acre farm just down the road from Harmon s residence for 400 28 In thi


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    The C4 Newsletter: Summer 2016

    6/1/2016

    Summer 2016 In early 2016 I made arrangements with Maple Grove Cemetery to repair Coley s headstone so that it no longer was in danger of falling over At about this same time I mentioned the discovery to Gary Trudgen Gary is one of the all time great colonial numismatic researchers and writers and a former editor of the Colonial Newsletter CNL hat I was unaware of was that Gary had been trying to locate Coley s grave since the 1 080s As it happened Gary lived only a litt


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    The C4 Newsletter: Summer 2016

    6/1/2016

    Summer 2016 In early 2016 I made arrangements with Maple Grove Cemetery to repair Coley s headstone so that it no longer was in danger of falling over At about this same time I mentioned the discovery to Gary Trudgen Gary is one of the all time great colonial numismatic researchers and writers and a former editor of the Colonial Newsletter CNL W hat I was unaware ot was that Gary had been trying to locate Coley s grave since the 1080s As it happened Gary lived only a little


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    The C4 Newsletter: Spring 2016

    3/1/2016

    Spring 2016 partnership it did not last long as Cox soon left the business to pursue other coining ventures 1 he roots of the partnership can be traced back to the time when the British controlled the city In July 1783 William H Coley moved to New York City and took the house formerly occupied by James Bennett jeweler at 25 Hanover Square In all probability Mr Bennett was a Tory fleeing the city and eager to sell the prime location Coley who served honorably in the Continental Army was at the vanguard of patriots returning to the city eager to snap up real estate from departing Tories He announced in Rivington s New


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 13

    10/1/1964

    Sequential page 121 October 1964 THE COLONIAL NEWSLETTER Page 62 In July of 1785 the books of the Reformed Dutch Church of New York City recorded the birth of daughter Elizabeth to William and Sybil Coley In the same year Daniel Van Voorhis was operating a silversmith shop in Princeton New Jersey where the Continental Congress was then in session Deniel Van Voorhit was born August JO 1755 died June 10 1824 His workmanship according to Carl M Williams in his book Silversmiths of New Jersey indicates very strongly that he apprenticed in New York City He was probably an evacuee of New


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 13

    10/1/1964

    Sequential page 121 October 1964 THE COLONIAL NEWSLETTER Page 62 In July of 1785 the books of the Reformed Dutch Church of New York City recorded the birth of daughter Elizabeth to William and Sybil Coley In the same year Daniel Van Voorhis was operating a silversmith shop in Princeton New Jersey where the Continental Congress was then in session Deniel Van Voorhit was born August JO 1755 died June 10 1824 His workmanship according to Carl M Williams in his book Silversmiths of New Jersey indicates very strongly that he apprenticed in New York City He was probably an evacuee of New


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 13

    10/1/1964

    Sequential page 121 October 1964 THE COLONIAL NEWSLETTER Page 62 In July of 1785 the books of the Reformed Dutch Church of New York City recorded the birth of daughter Elizabeth to William and Sybil Coley In the same year Daniel Van Voorhis was operating a silversmith shop in Princeton New Jersey where the Continental Congress was then in session Deniel Van Voorhit was born August JO 1755 died June 10 1824 His workmanship according to Carl M Williams in his book Silversmiths of New Jersey indicates very strongly that he apprenticed in New York City He was probably an evacuee of New


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    The C4 Newsletter, Spring 2002

    3/1/2002

    Spring 2002 Having decided to check out the seller s claim I found that very little is actually written about Van Voorhis Coley outside of Sylvester Crosby s coverage of the Machin s Mill indenture For example in the entire Colonial Newsletter index Coley is only mentioned once and this is a non numismatic reference This is quite odd considering that he is credited with cutting the dies for one of the most attractive of colonial coins the Vermont Landscape as well as one of the crudest the Baby Head Other referen


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 13

    10/1/1964

    Sequential page 121 October 1964 THE COLONIAL NEWSLETTER Page 62 In July of 1785 the books of the Reformed Dutch Church of New York City recorded the birth of daughter Elizabeth to William and Sybil Coley In the same year Daniel Van Voorhis was operating a silversmith shop in Princeton New Jersey where the Continental Congress was then in session Deniel Van Voorhit was born August JO 1755 died June 10 1824 His workmanship according to Carl M Williams in his book Silversmiths of New Jersey indicates very strongly that he apprenticed in New York City He was probably an evacuee of New


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    Penny-Wise, Vol. 18, No. 4(103)

    7/15/1984

    The sequence of events could have unfolded in the following manner The local copper was wrecking the dies produced by Coley If Harmon were to make his operation profitable he needed more dies and faster Having learned of Buell s new technique Harmon felt that this was the answer to his problem When he petitioned the Vermont legislature for an extension contacts were made within the legislature to approve the design change which was necessary in order to use Buell s dies Such approval came on October 26 1786


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    Penny-Wise, Vol. 18, No. 4(103)

    7/15/1984

    The sequence of events could have unfolded in the following manner The local copper was wrecking the dies produced by Coley If Harmon were to make his operation profitable he needed more dies and faster Having learned of Buell s new technique Harmon felt that this was the answer to his problem When he petitioned the Vermont legislature for an extension contacts were made within the legislature to approve the design change which was necessary in order to use Buell s dies Such approval came on October 26 1786


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    Penny-Wise, Vol. 18, No. 4(103)

    7/15/1984

    The sequence of events could have unfolded in the following manner The local copper was wrecking the dies produced by Coley If Harmon were to make his operation profitable he needed more dies and faster Having learned of Buell s new technique Harmon felt that this was the answer to his problem When he petitioned the Vermont legislature for an extension contacts were made within the legislature to approve the design change which was necessary in order to use Buell s dies Such approval came on October 26 1786


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    The C4 Newsletter, Spring 2002

    3/1/2002

    C4 Newsletter probability the Ebay spoon was made in New York earlier in the Van Voorhis and Coley partnership in New York City There is little doubt the V C monogram stands for the firm Van Voorhis Coley The Heritage Foundation Collection of Silver makes the notation MARK Initials of firm name in capitals ampersand between within a rectangle device outside 16 The Ebay spoon lacks the device outside the rectangle This reference also claims V C are working in Vermont 1787 Louise B


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    Penny-Wise, Vol. 18, No. 4(103)

    7/15/1984

    The sequence of events could have unfolded in the following manner The local copper was wrecking the dies produced by Coley If Harmon were to make his operation profitable he needed more dies and faster Having learned of Buell s new technique Harmon felt that this was the answer to his problem When he petitioned the Vermont legislature for an extension contacts were made within the legislature to approve the design change which was necessary in order to use Buell s dies Such approval came on October 26 1786


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    The C4 Newsletter: Spring 2016

    3/1/2016

    there during the period when coins were being manufactured in that state no evidence directly connects him to coining after he left the partnership instead he appears to have occupied himself making silver flatware and hollowware items Bayley did however stamp his mark on a 1798 U S large cent shortly before his death 1798 Large Cent Countermarked by Simeon A Bayley 24 III Van Voorhis Coley and the Vermont Coppers After the four man partnership dissolved the two remaining partners Van Voorhis Coley began looking for a client in need of their newly acquired coining skills and discovered that person in Reuben Harmon Jr c 1750 1806 from Rupert Vermont Harmon was badly in need of assistance as he had obtained authority from the Vermont legislature on June 15 1785 to manufac


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    The C4 Newsletter: Summer 2016

    6/1/2016

    f the presence of a Revolutionary War soldier s grave in the small town and offered his assistance in helping to properly mark it A week later I was contacted by the town clerk who put me in touch with Louise Perry a member of the board of trustees for Maple Grove Cemetery Mrs Perry volunteered to take additional photographs for my research On Christmas Day 2015 she took images of William Coley s headstone as well as the headstone of his first wife Sybel Coley who is buried in the adjoining plot Sybel Coley s headstone indicates that she was the wife of Col William Coley proving Walter Breen correct in a debate among numismatic researchers regarding Coley s military rank Sybel and William Coley s headstones December 2015 Close up images of Sybel and William Coley s headstones


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    The C4 Newsletter, Spring 2002

    3/1/2002

    C4 Newsletter business venture is corroborated in New York City Mayor s Court records 6 From this point up until the end of the Confederation coining period the team of Van Voorhis and Coley were engaged in numerous coining activities while at other times carrying on in the silver business Exactly what they were doing and where it took place however is rather confusing Gary Trudgen notes that shortly after the dissolution of the above partnership they went to Vermont andjoined up with Reuben Harmon 7 Ken Bressett says they continued their business in New York until sometime


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    The Americana Sale



    The Americana Sale Daniel Van Voorhis 1751 1824 Princeton New Jersey New York City and Brooklyn New York silversmith born in Oyster Bay New York Van Voorhis was independently active in Princeton for about two or three years starting in 1782 By 1784 he had relocated to New York City where he was in partnership with Simeon Bayley and Colonel William Coley advertising themselves as gold and silver manufacturers The following year Bayley s name was dropped from the partnership and Van Voorhis and Coley located their shop at 27 Hanover Square in New York City In 1787 Van Voorhis and Coley drafted a partnership agreement with Ruben Harmon to make copper coins on behalf of the Republic of Vermont Coley relocated to Rupert Vermont where the mint w


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    The New York Americana Sale



    as ornamentation for two empty ellipses on ermine mantling Daniel Van Voorhis 1751 1824 Princeton New Jersey New York City and Brooklyn New York silversmith born in Oyster Bay New York Van Voorhis was independently active in Princeton for about two or three years starting in 1782 By 1784 he had relocated to New York City where he was in partnership with Simeon Bayley and Colonel William Coley advertising themselves as gold and silver manufacturers The following year Bayley s name was dropped from the partnership and Van Voorhis and Coley located their shop at 27 Hanover Square in New York City In 1787 Van Voorhis and Coley drafted a partnership agreement with Ruben Harmon to make copper coins on behalf of the Republic of Vermont Coley relocated to Rupert Vermont where the mint wa


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    The Americana Sale



    The Americana Sale Daniel Van Voorhis 1751 1824 Princeton New Jersey New York City and Brooklyn New York silversmith born in Oyster Bay New York Van Voorhis was independently active in Princeton for about two or three years starting in 1782 By 1784 he had relocated to New York City where he was in partnership with Simeon Bayley and Colonel William Coley advertising themselves as gold and silver manufacturers The following year Bayley s name was dropped from the partnership and Van Voorhis and Coley located their shop at 27 Hanover Square in New York City In 1787 Van Voorhis and Coley drafted a partnership agreement with Ruben Harmon to make copper coins on behalf of the Republic of Vermont Coley relocated to Rupert Vermont where the mint w


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    The New York Americana Sale



    as ornamentation for two empty ellipses on ermine mantling Daniel Van Voorhis 1751 1824 Princeton New Jersey New York City and Brooklyn New York silversmith born in Oyster Bay New York Van Voorhis was independently active in Princeton for about two or three years starting in 1782 By 1784 he had relocated to New York City where he was in partnership with Simeon Bayley and Colonel William Coley advertising themselves as gold and silver manufacturers The following year Bayley s name was dropped from the partnership and Van Voorhis and Coley located their shop at 27 Hanover Square in New York City In 1787 Van Voorhis and Coley drafted a partnership agreement with Ruben Harmon to make copper coins on behalf of the Republic of Vermont Coley relocated to Rupert Vermont where the mint wa


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    Studies on Money in Early America

    1/1/1976 ANS

    TATE VERMONTENSIUM abridged and on the reverse a woman with the letters INDE ET LIB for Independence and Liberty Apparently Harmon had shown a current Connecticut coin to the Ver mont Assembly and suggested that its device similar to the prevalent British halfpence then in circulation in America would provide their cop pers with greater acceptability in Vermont and surrounding states Coley incapable or unprepared to produce a bust design on short notice sought guidance from others in the trade His first attempt at mak ing a suitable coin the Baby Head of 1786 7 F copies the style e g Miller 1786 2 1 A and 3 D 1 of dies prepared for imitation Connecticut coppers by James F Atlee of the Rahway New Jersey mint It is also possible that Atlee may have assisted Coley in


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    The Americana Sale



    The Americana Sale Daniel Van Voorhis 1751 1824 Princeton New Jersey New York City and Brooklyn New York silversmith born in Oyster Bay New York Van Voorhis was independently active in Princeton for about two or three years starting in 1782 By 1784 he had relocated to New York City where he was in partnership with Simeon Bayley and Colonel William Coley advertising themselves as gold and silver manufacturers The following year Bayley s name was dropped from the partnership and Van Voorhis and Coley located their shop at 27 Hanover Square in New York City In 1787 Van Voorhis and Coley drafted a partnership agreement with Ruben Harmon to make copper coins on behalf of the Republic of Vermont Coley relocated to Rupert Vermont where the mint w


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    The New York Americana Sale



    as ornamentation for two empty ellipses on ermine mantling Daniel Van Voorhis 1751 1824 Princeton New Jersey New York City and Brooklyn New York silversmith born in Oyster Bay New York Van Voorhis was independently active in Princeton for about two or three years starting in 1782 By 1784 he had relocated to New York City where he was in partnership with Simeon Bayley and Colonel William Coley advertising themselves as gold and silver manufacturers The following year Bayley s name was dropped from the partnership and Van Voorhis and Coley located their shop at 27 Hanover Square in New York City In 1787 Van Voorhis and Coley drafted a partnership agreement with Ruben Harmon to make copper coins on behalf of the Republic of Vermont Coley relocated to Rupert Vermont where the mint wa


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    The C4 Newsletter: Spring 2016

    3/1/2016

    C4 Newsletter II The Van Voorhis Bayley Coley Cox Partnership Van Voorhis shop was at the center of coin and die manufacturing in New York City from 1784 to 1790 Below are two advertisements the first appeared on November 20 1 784 in New York s Independent Journal the second appeared in the same paper on April 27 1785 VAN VOORHIS BAYLEY and COLF Y Real Manufacturer in GOLD SILVER JEWELLERY See Sec At No 27 H a novi a


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    The C4 Newsletter: Summer 2016

    6/1/2016

    ove together to Otselic Louise Perry made arrangements for the best restaurant in town The Daily Grind to stay open extended hours to accommodate us which was greatly appreciated The weather could not have been better clear skies a cool breeze and temperatures in the low 80s The cemetery s board of trustees had the entire cemetery spruced up for the special event and not only was Col Coley s headstone repaired but it was cleaned in preparation for the ceremony and looked as good as new with a small American flag next to it The ceremony began with an invocation read by one of the ladies from the DAR followed by the Pledge of Allegiance and music from the piper Next Linda Dodge read a summary of an article that will appear in an upcoming issue of the Colonial Newsletter highlig


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    The C4 Newsletter: Summer 2016

    6/1/2016

    ove together to Otselic Louise Perry made arrangements for the best restaurant in town The Daily Grind to stay open extended hours to accommodate us which was greatly appreciated The weather could not have been better clear skies a cool breeze and temperatures in the low 80s The cemetery s board of trustees had the entire cemetery spruced up for the special event and not only was Col Coley s headstone repaired but it was cleaned in preparation for the ceremony and looked as good as new with a small American flag next to it The ceremony began with an invocation read by one of the ladies from the DAR followed by the Pledge of Allegiance and music from the piper Next Linda Dodge read a summary of an article that will appear in an upcoming issue of the Colonial Newsletter highlig


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 13

    10/1/1964

    we find listed Brasher Abraham geld silversmith 77 Queens Street Bailey John cutler brassfounder 22 Queens Street Giles James Esq 58 Maiden Lane Van Voerhis Daniel gold silversmith 27 Hanover Square Listed among the members of the Gold and Silversmith Society are the names of Ephraim Brasher and Cary Dunn Prom the foregoing tabulations it appears quite definate that William Coley did not leave New York City until late 1786 or early 1787 The writer believes that the circumstances of the Vermont coinage were the following The partnership in which Van Voorhis Bayley Coley and Cox were associated lasted only a short while and Cox and Simeon A Bayley left the group The writer has been unable to ascertain the first name of Cox but believes there is a good chance that i


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 48

    3/1/1977

    it at both locations In considering these bits of testimony it may be helpful to keep in mind the following chronology July 1 1785 The effective date of Reuben Harmon s two year coinage grant from the Vermont legislature October 24 1785 He was granted eight more years for coining on his plea of great expenses Incurred at the mint The year 1786 New York City Directory listed Van Voorhis Coley silversmiths 27 Hanover Square February 16 1787 Daniel Van Voorhis and William Cooley as residents of New York unsuccessfully petitioned for New York State copper coinage contract January 1 1787 Connecticut Company for Coining Coppers ceased coining at their New Haven mint June 7 1787 Machin s Mill Rupert partnership effected with the Rupert partners including William Coley agreeing


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 92

    10/1/1992

    rent trades in order to promote their political views in New York COINERS Albion Cox an English emigrant who had arrived in New York City shortly after Samuel Atlee was a highly respected assayer of gold silver copper and lead He was a relative of William Cox of the firm Cox Merle Co English refiners and bankers In the city Cox joined in partnership with Daniel Van Voorhis William Coley and Simeon A Bayley They were jewelers and silversmiths located at 27 Hanover Square Cox s partnership in this firm was short lived but it is likely that he had been employed by the firm since its inception in December 1 784 He left the business in April 1 785 and a few months later in July Bayley did the same Apparently a dispute between Bayley and Cox was the cause of their departure


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 92

    10/1/1992

    orth bound Hudson River sloop No doubt he got off at Newburgh to visit his son James who was living in the area and working at their mint After their visit Samuel would have continued his voyage north to Albany In Albany he either purchased or hired a wagon and horses for the remainder of the journey His destination was Rupert Vermont the site of his copartner s coinage operation William Coley who had moved from New York City in March of 1787 to assist with the coinage in Rupert had purchased a large farm near the Rupert mint On January 23 1788 Coley purchased a small parcel of land from John Darror This lot which was about an acre adjoined Coley s farm and contained a dwelling house Samuel Atlee witnessed this land deed along with Israel Smith who was then a Justice of Peace


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    The Early Coins of America

    1/1/1875 Colonial

    198 THK EARLY COINS OF AMERICA The said William Coley his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in Profit Loss The said Elias Jackson his Executors Administrators One tenth jiart thereof both in Profit Loss the said 3aniel Van Voorhis his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in Profit Loss The said Samuel Atlee his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in profit Loss the said Jame


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 13

    10/1/1964

    we find listed Brasher Abraham geld silversmith 77 Queens Street Bailey John cutler brassfounder 22 Queens Street Giles James Esq 58 Maiden Lane Van Voerhis Daniel gold silversmith 27 Hanover Square Listed among the members of the Gold and Silversmith Society are the names of Ephraim Brasher and Cary Dunn Prom the foregoing tabulations it appears quite definate that William Coley did not leave New York City until late 1786 or early 1787 The writer believes that the circumstances of the Vermont coinage were the following The partnership in which Van Voorhis Bayley Coley and Cox were associated lasted only a short while and Cox and Simeon A Bayley left the group The writer has been unable to ascertain the first name of Cox but believes there is a good chance that i


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 48

    3/1/1977

    it at both locations In considering these bits of testimony it may be helpful to keep in mind the following chronology July 1 1785 The effective date of Reuben Harmon s two year coinage grant from the Vermont legislature October 24 1785 He was granted eight more years for coining on his plea of great expenses Incurred at the mint The year 1786 New York City Directory listed Van Voorhis Coley silversmiths 27 Hanover Square February 16 1787 Daniel Van Voorhis and William Cooley as residents of New York unsuccessfully petitioned for New York State copper coinage contract January 1 1787 Connecticut Company for Coining Coppers ceased coining at their New Haven mint June 7 1787 Machin s Mill Rupert partnership effected with the Rupert partners including William Coley agreeing


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 92

    10/1/1992

    rent trades in order to promote their political views in New York COINERS Albion Cox an English emigrant who had arrived in New York City shortly after Samuel Atlee was a highly respected assayer of gold silver copper and lead He was a relative of William Cox of the firm Cox Merle Co English refiners and bankers In the city Cox joined in partnership with Daniel Van Voorhis William Coley and Simeon A Bayley They were jewelers and silversmiths located at 27 Hanover Square Cox s partnership in this firm was short lived but it is likely that he had been employed by the firm since its inception in December 1 784 He left the business in April 1 785 and a few months later in July Bayley did the same Apparently a dispute between Bayley and Cox was the cause of their departure


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 92

    10/1/1992

    orth bound Hudson River sloop No doubt he got off at Newburgh to visit his son James who was living in the area and working at their mint After their visit Samuel would have continued his voyage north to Albany In Albany he either purchased or hired a wagon and horses for the remainder of the journey His destination was Rupert Vermont the site of his copartner s coinage operation William Coley who had moved from New York City in March of 1787 to assist with the coinage in Rupert had purchased a large farm near the Rupert mint On January 23 1788 Coley purchased a small parcel of land from John Darror This lot which was about an acre adjoined Coley s farm and contained a dwelling house Samuel Atlee witnessed this land deed along with Israel Smith who was then a Justice of Peace


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    The Early Coins of America

    1/1/1875 Colonial

    198 THK EARLY COINS OF AMERICA The said William Coley his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in Profit Loss The said Elias Jackson his Executors Administrators One tenth jiart thereof both in Profit Loss the said 3aniel Van Voorhis his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in Profit Loss The said Samuel Atlee his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in profit Loss the said Jame


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 13

    10/1/1964

    we find listed Brasher Abraham geld silversmith 77 Queens Street Bailey John cutler brassfounder 22 Queens Street Giles James Esq 58 Maiden Lane Van Voerhis Daniel gold silversmith 27 Hanover Square Listed among the members of the Gold and Silversmith Society are the names of Ephraim Brasher and Cary Dunn Prom the foregoing tabulations it appears quite definate that William Coley did not leave New York City until late 1786 or early 1787 The writer believes that the circumstances of the Vermont coinage were the following The partnership in which Van Voorhis Bayley Coley and Cox were associated lasted only a short while and Cox and Simeon A Bayley left the group The writer has been unable to ascertain the first name of Cox but believes there is a good chance that i


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 48

    3/1/1977

    it at both locations In considering these bits of testimony it may be helpful to keep in mind the following chronology July 1 1785 The effective date of Reuben Harmon s two year coinage grant from the Vermont legislature October 24 1785 He was granted eight more years for coining on his plea of great expenses Incurred at the mint The year 1786 New York City Directory listed Van Voorhis Coley silversmiths 27 Hanover Square February 16 1787 Daniel Van Voorhis and William Cooley as residents of New York unsuccessfully petitioned for New York State copper coinage contract January 1 1787 Connecticut Company for Coining Coppers ceased coining at their New Haven mint June 7 1787 Machin s Mill Rupert partnership effected with the Rupert partners including William Coley agreeing


    Read more

    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 92

    10/1/1992

    rent trades in order to promote their political views in New York COINERS Albion Cox an English emigrant who had arrived in New York City shortly after Samuel Atlee was a highly respected assayer of gold silver copper and lead He was a relative of William Cox of the firm Cox Merle Co English refiners and bankers In the city Cox joined in partnership with Daniel Van Voorhis William Coley and Simeon A Bayley They were jewelers and silversmiths located at 27 Hanover Square Cox s partnership in this firm was short lived but it is likely that he had been employed by the firm since its inception in December 1 784 He left the business in April 1 785 and a few months later in July Bayley did the same Apparently a dispute between Bayley and Cox was the cause of their departure


    Read more

    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 92

    10/1/1992

    orth bound Hudson River sloop No doubt he got off at Newburgh to visit his son James who was living in the area and working at their mint After their visit Samuel would have continued his voyage north to Albany In Albany he either purchased or hired a wagon and horses for the remainder of the journey His destination was Rupert Vermont the site of his copartner s coinage operation William Coley who had moved from New York City in March of 1787 to assist with the coinage in Rupert had purchased a large farm near the Rupert mint On January 23 1788 Coley purchased a small parcel of land from John Darror This lot which was about an acre adjoined Coley s farm and contained a dwelling house Samuel Atlee witnessed this land deed along with Israel Smith who was then a Justice of Peace


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    Money of the American Colonies and Confederation: A Numismatic, Economic and Historical Correlation

    /1993 Numismatics; Coins American; Bank notes

    88 J Fig 58 Vermont landscape copper represent ative of the six varieties minted at Rupert and dated for 1785 and 1786 The state legend varied from VERMONTS VERMONTIS and VER MONTENSIUM RR 4 116 5 grains Table 21 no 20a C hart 27 The franchise to produce Vermont coppers was awarded to Reuben Harmon Jr of Rupert who engaged a New York engraver presumably the goldsmith William Coley to prepare the dies The first issues were the handsome landscape types of 1785 and 1786 featuring the sun rising to the right above a wooded hill with a plow facing left in the foreground the inscription Republic of Vermont in various Latin forms and the date surround the design The reverse simulates the Constellatio Nova coppers as it depicts a central eye of Providence with rays radiat


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    The C4 Newsletter, Spring 2002

    3/1/2002

    nsk sic value of gold and silver and also of coinage begs your honorable body will be pleased to appoint him to be Master Coiner of said Mint 13 This is quite an aspiring goal for someone who up to this time has been viewed mainly as a Cashier and an accomplice Perhaps Van Voorhis participation in the State coinage period needs reevaluation The Notre Dame website makes the case that Coley may have had a larger role in Machin Mill coinage than was previously thought The same might be said for Van Voorhis After all he is quite an accomplished craftsman with his work being displayed along side the likes of Paul Revere For an example of Van Voorhis work use the google search engine and search for Trade axes and Tomahawk collectors association See page one for a beautiful sil


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    Studies on Money in Early America

    1/1/1976 ANS

    Generated on 2015 12 31 18 33 GMT http hdl handle net 2027 mdp 39015005336733 Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike http www hathitrust Org access_use cc by nc sa 4 0 176 KENNETH E BRESSETT on the group of Vermont Bust Left coins designated 8 G 9 H and 9 1 Legends were added to these dies by Coley from the identical punches used on his earlier Baby Head coin The striking of Bust Left coins continued for the final few months of 1786 and undoubtedly well into 1787 The single reverse die dated 1787 I broke quickly and its obverse 9 was again combined with a 1786 die to produce an additional quantity of the 9 H variety as is confirmed by a die crack progression Early in 1787 Coley and


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    The Early Coins of America

    1/1/1875 Colonial

    198 THK EARLY COINS OF AMERICA The said William Coley his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in Profit Loss The said Elias Jackson his Executors Administrators One tenth jiart thereof both in Profit Loss the said 3aniel Van Voorhis his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in Profit Loss The said Samuel Atlee his Executors Administrators one tenth part thereof both in profit Loss the said Jame


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 13

    10/1/1964

    we find listed Brasher Abraham geld silversmith 77 Queens Street Bailey John cutler brassfounder 22 Queens Street Giles James Esq 58 Maiden Lane Van Voerhis Daniel gold silversmith 27 Hanover Square Listed among the members of the Gold and Silversmith Society are the names of Ephraim Brasher and Cary Dunn Prom the foregoing tabulations it appears quite definate that William Coley did not leave New York City until late 1786 or early 1787 The writer believes that the circumstances of the Vermont coinage were the following The partnership in which Van Voorhis Bayley Coley and Cox were associated lasted only a short while and Cox and Simeon A Bayley left the group The writer has been unable to ascertain the first name of Cox but believes there is a good chance that i


    Read more

    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 48

    3/1/1977

    it at both locations In considering these bits of testimony it may be helpful to keep in mind the following chronology July 1 1785 The effective date of Reuben Harmon s two year coinage grant from the Vermont legislature October 24 1785 He was granted eight more years for coining on his plea of great expenses Incurred at the mint The year 1786 New York City Directory listed Van Voorhis Coley silversmiths 27 Hanover Square February 16 1787 Daniel Van Voorhis and William Cooley as residents of New York unsuccessfully petitioned for New York State copper coinage contract January 1 1787 Connecticut Company for Coining Coppers ceased coining at their New Haven mint June 7 1787 Machin s Mill Rupert partnership effected with the Rupert partners including William Coley agreeing


    Read more

    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 92

    10/1/1992

    rent trades in order to promote their political views in New York COINERS Albion Cox an English emigrant who had arrived in New York City shortly after Samuel Atlee was a highly respected assayer of gold silver copper and lead He was a relative of William Cox of the firm Cox Merle Co English refiners and bankers In the city Cox joined in partnership with Daniel Van Voorhis William Coley and Simeon A Bayley They were jewelers and silversmiths located at 27 Hanover Square Cox s partnership in this firm was short lived but it is likely that he had been employed by the firm since its inception in December 1 784 He left the business in April 1 785 and a few months later in July Bayley did the same Apparently a dispute between Bayley and Cox was the cause of their departure


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