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    Inimica tyrannis

    MORE COLONIAL SELECTIONS FROM NEWMAN PARTV

    10/05/2014

    Highlight:

    Inimica Tyrannis Cent obverse by Numismatic Bibliomania Society (NBS), on Flickr">1785 <b style=Inimica Tyrannis Cent obverse" /> Inimica Tyrannis Cent reverse by Numismatic Bibliomania Society (NBS), on Flickr">1785 <b style=Inimica Tyrannis Cent reverse" />

    1785 Inimica Tyrannis Cent
    1785 Inimica Tyrannis America / Confederatio, Large Circle Cent Original MS63 Brown NGC. Breen-1123,

    At my request Maureen Levine forwarded me text and images for some more head

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    United States Coins featuring The Dr. James W. Vander Zanden Collection and Coins Sold on Behalf of Yale University

    Highlight: EARLY AMERICAN COINS UNIQUE 1785 LARGE CIRCLE “AMERICA” CONFEDERATIO Struck in Silver With Edge Reeded A New and Historic Discovery (Enlarged.) 18 1785 America Inimica Tyrannis/Confederatio with Large Circle of Stars. Crosby Obv. 1, Rv. A, plate VII, n.13. Struck in silver on a somewhat broad and thin planchet. Unique both in this metal and with reeded edge. A new and historic discovery. 101.2 gns. 28.2mm diameter along its widest axis; 0.3mm at its thickest point along the edge. Die defects below first E and O of CONFEDERATIO as also seen on the ANS specimen in copper. Sharpness of Very Fine where struck up: centers weak due to insufficiency of metal to fill the dies at those points; letters in INIMICA always found softer than those in TYRANNIS, the dies having been axially misaligned and

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: The description of his battalion standard corre- sponds to the Gostelowe Standard Number 2 design: an armored hand grasping a sword with the legend MANUS HAEC INIMICA TYRANNIS blazoned above. This design is also found on infantry uni- form buttons worn by a Massachusetts regiment raised earlier, in 1776. The obverse type on the America Inimica Tyrannis coinage and the military legend MANUS INIMICA TYRANNIS are found combined appended to Robert Morris' report of January 15, 1782 (see State Papers, Finance I, p.l05). A drawing of the reverse of the America Inimica Tyrannis coinage type, the Large Circle of Stars Confederatio design, can be found appended to Thomas Jefferson's May 13, 1785 “Proposi- tions Respecting the Coinage...”, found in the report as printed in the Papers of the

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: The description of his battalion standard corre- sponds to the Gostelowe Standard Number 2 design: an armored hand grasping a sword with the legend MANUS HAEC INIMICA TYRANNIS blazoned above. This design is also found on infantry uni- form buttons worn by a Massachusetts regiment raised earlier, in 1776. The obverse type on the America Inimica Tyrannis coinage and the military legend MANUS INIMICA TYRANNIS are found combined appended to Robert Morris' report of January 15, 1782 (see State Papers, Finance I, p.l05). A drawing of the reverse of the America Inimica Tyrannis coinage type, the Large Circle of Stars Confederatio design, can be found appended to Thomas Jefferson's May 13, 1785 “Proposi- tions Respecting the Coinage...”, found in the report as printed in the Papers of the

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: The description of his battalion standard corre- sponds to the Gostelowe Standard Number 2 design: an armored hand grasping a sword with the legend MANUS HAEC INIMICA TYRANNIS blazoned above. This design is also found on infantry uni- form buttons worn by a Massachusetts regiment raised earlier, in 1776. The obverse type on the America Inimica Tyrannis coinage and the military legend MANUS INIMICA TYRANNIS are found combined appended to Robert Morris' report of January 15, 1782 (see State Papers, Finance I, p.l05). A drawing of the reverse of the America Inimica Tyrannis coinage type, the Large Circle of Stars Confederatio design, can be found appended to Thomas Jefferson's May 13, 1785 “Proposi- tions Respecting the Coinage...”, found in the report as printed in the Papers of the

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    MORE COLONIAL SELECTIONS FROM NEWMAN PART V

    10/05/2014

    Highlight: -Editor 1785 Inimica Tyrannis Cent 1785 Inimica Tyrannis America / Confederatio, Large Circle Cent Original MS63 Brown NGC. Breen-1123, Whitman-5630, High R.7. 120.6 grains, 99% Copper per NGC metallurgical tests. There are two obverse dies known for this type, here with the legend INIMICA TYRANNIS AMERICA and in the next lot, with the legend INIMICA TYRANNIS AMERICANA. The reverse dies are also distinctive, here with the large circle of stars, and below with a small circle of stars. This extraordinary copper has full cartwheel luster with choice goldenbrown surfaces showing a few splashes of greenish-steel toning. Although imperfectly centered, the strike is sufficient to show full border details on both sides. A tiny planchet defect through the quiver will identify this example. The

    At my request Maureen Levine forwarded me text and images for some more headline lots in the upcomi

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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 2

    Highlight: an 1785 Inimica Tyrannising one, I decided to do a little research on the entire ‘Confederatio’ series, in the hope of preparing a complete article for the Numismatist. Mr. Homer K. Downing, a very good friend of mine, suggested that I contact you. He said that you had made a detailed study of Colonial Mints in New Jersey, New York, etc. Perhaps you can help me. As you probably know, the dies for the Inimica Tyrannis-Confederatio coins were cut in England by Thomas Wyon. Both reverse (Confederatio) dies appeared in America where they were muled with various obverses. These obverse dies include several New Jersey and New York dies. Perhaps you can tell me something about the striking of these pieces-o

    A topical index to the John J. Ford, Jr. series of auction catalogs (2003-2013) is at:

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: The coin’s types were those expected on the very rare plain edge copper America Inimica Tyrannisk in silver and it had a reeded edge. After some careful study, and consultation with a couple of other numismatists whose opinion about early American coins was worth listening to, it was determined that the new coin is not only authentic and unique, but also of the highest numismatic importance. The new discovery strongly suggests that the Inimica Tyrannis types (America and Americana, Large and Small Circle of Stars) were official and government sponsored. Robert Morris, himself, described the types and wrote that they were fit for a gold coin he called a “Crown”. The fact that a silver specimen has finally been

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: The coin’s types were those expected on the very rare plain edge copper America Inimica Tyrannisk in silver and it had a reeded edge. After some careful study, and consultation with a couple of other numismatists whose opinion about early American coins was worth listening to, it was determined that the new coin is not only authentic and unique, but also of the highest numismatic importance. The new discovery strongly suggests that the Inimica Tyrannis types (America and Americana, Large and Small Circle of Stars) were official and government sponsored. Robert Morris, himself, described the types and wrote that they were fit for a gold coin he called a “Crown”. The fact that a silver specimen has finally been

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    Auction sale of rare coins and paper money from the collection of Leslie V. Case ... and Col. J. B. Washer ... [03/19/1937-03/20/1937]

    Highlight: Inimica Tyrannis Cent 1785 — Same dies, but more breaks showing, as the cracking of the dies progressed further. Central portions not sharply struck up. Fine for the coin. Furrowed edge. Thin flan. Very probably genuine, but sold as is. Not the usual Bolen restrike. 439. Inimica Tyrannis Cent, 1785 — Continental Pattern eopper cent 1785. Inimica Tyrannisederatio, cluster of thirteen small stars in a circle on a radiant sun, sixteen. Not the Bolen restrike. Numerous small die-breaks on both sides. Thick flan with glossy edge. Probably genuine, but sold as is. RARE INIMICA TYRANNIS CENT 1785 440. Bolen’s Restrike in copper — Distinguished by the tiny dot between the arms of the letter Y in Tyrannis. Variety

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: The coin’s types were those expected on the very rare plain edge copper America Inimica Tyrannisk in silver and it had a reeded edge. After some careful study, and consultation with a couple of other numismatists whose opinion about early American coins was worth listening to, it was determined that the new coin is not only authentic and unique, but also of the highest numismatic importance. The new discovery strongly suggests that the Inimica Tyrannis types (America and Americana, Large and Small Circle of Stars) were official and government sponsored. Robert Morris, himself, described the types and wrote that they were fit for a gold coin he called a “Crown”. The fact that a silver specimen has finally been

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: America Inimica Tyrannis/Confederatio with Large Circle of Stars. Crosby Obv. 1, Rv. A, plate VII, n.l3. Struck in silver on a somewhat broad and thin planchet. Unique both in this metal and with reeded edge. A new and historic discovery. 101.2 gns. 28.2 mm diameter along its widest axis; 0.3 mm at its thickest point along the edge. Die defects below first E and O of CONFEDERATIO as also seen on the copper ANS specimen. Sharpness of Very Fine where struck up: cen- ters weak due to insufficiency of metal to fill the dies at those points; letters in INIMICA softer than those in TYRANNIS, the dies having been axially misaligned and so improperly spaced there. Holed anciently above 7 in date, from reverse through to obverse, displacing metal below exergual line on obverse above ERI. Attempted

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    American Journal of Numismatics (Series One), Vols. 26 - 28

    1/7/1891

    Highlight: “ INIMICA TYRANNIS.” The reverse “ Inimica Tyrannis ” used with the Confederates, is some- what interesting ; there are two die-varieties of this reverse : of one of them only a single impression is known, and this was found in digging a drain at Berlin, Connecticut. This has the word America at the bottom, while the other has Americana. It is probable that this was originally intended as the obverse of a pro- posed National coin, and it was from the device that the name crown was to be given to the piece itself. In a paper prepared by Gouverneur Morris, it is said that “ the word Crown occurred from the following idea of an impression for the gold coin: an Indian, his right foot on a crown, a bow in his left hand, in his right thirteen arrows, and the inscription — Manus Inimica Tyrannis

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: America Inimica Tyrannis/Confederatio with Large Circle of Stars. Crosby Obv. 1, Rv. A, plate VII, n.l3. Struck in silver on a somewhat broad and thin planchet. Unique both in this metal and with reeded edge. A new and historic discovery. 101.2 gns. 28.2 mm diameter along its widest axis; 0.3 mm at its thickest point along the edge. Die defects below first E and O of CONFEDERATIO as also seen on the copper ANS specimen. Sharpness of Very Fine where struck up: cen- ters weak due to insufficiency of metal to fill the dies at those points; letters in INIMICA softer than those in TYRANNIS, the dies having been axially misaligned and so improperly spaced there. Holed anciently above 7 in date, from reverse through to obverse, displacing metal below exergual line on obverse above ERI. Attempted

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    American Journal of Numismatics (Series One), Vols. 26 - 28

    1/7/1891

    Highlight: “ INIMICA TYRANNIS.” The reverse “ Inimica Tyrannis ” used with the Confederates, is some- what interesting ; there are two die-varieties of this reverse : of one of them only a single impression is known, and this was found in digging a drain at Berlin, Connecticut. This has the word America at the bottom, while the other has Americana. It is probable that this was originally intended as the obverse of a pro- posed National coin, and it was from the device that the name crown was to be given to the piece itself. In a paper prepared by Gouverneur Morris, it is said that “ the word Crown occurred from the following idea of an impression for the gold coin: an Indian, his right foot on a crown, a bow in his left hand, in his right thirteen arrows, and the inscription — Manus Inimica Tyrannis

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    American Journal of Numismatics (Second Series), Vol. 9

    1/1/1997

    Highlight: Other private coins were produced in 1785 similar to the Nova Constellatio coins or other designs (“Manus Inimica Tyrannis” and “Confederatio”) suggested in Congress at the time Morris’s plan were being discussed, but no link of either Robert or Gouverneur Morris to their production has yet been found. The “Manus Inimica Tyrannis” design for a piece to be called a crown was suggested in a paper submitted to Congress by Gouverneur Morris (not by Jefferson as a recent article by George Fuld suggested). The “Confederatio” design appeared in a congressional report in the hand of Hugh Williamson and was printed in the Journals of Congress. It seems improbable that the coppers including the designs did not emanate in some fashion either from the Morrises or from a member of the congressional

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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 2

    Highlight: It shows an Indian with his foot on a fallen crown and the legend Manus Haec Inimica Tyrannis Also accompanying the report of the Grand Committee is a hand drawn sketch of the reverse of a coin design suggested by Robert Morris (but probably suggested by Gou- verneur) that showed a large circle of rays surrounding 13 stars in the center, with the word “Confederatio” around the top and the date 1785 at the bottom. It is clear that the Inimica Tyrannis inscription was very familiar to folks in the government and the army as a standard, ac- cepted patriotic expression. The Indian standing on a fallen crown was one of the types for a gold coin suggested to Congress in 1785. Put these two together and you have the whole obverse type of the 1785 Confederatio coppers. It is also obvious that the

    A topical index to the John J. Ford, Jr. series of auction catalogs (2003-2013) is at:

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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 14

    Highlight: 606 606 Inimica Tyrannis Americana/Bolen Storecard Mule. M.JAB.M/E-12. Copper. Choice Uncircu- lated. 185.0 gns. Most red remains. Thick flan. Obverse die defaced. Ex Virgil Brand Collection in July, 1954. Lot No. 607 607 Inimica Tyrannis Clinton/Libernatus Mule. K.13 (mule of K.8 and K.7), M.JAB.M-14. Copper. Choice About Uncircu- lated. 157.9 gns. Some red remains. Reverse schmutzy. Extremely rare. Like the last, Musante found no auc- tion records for this variety. Ex New Netherlands Coin Com finny. 608 Inimica Tyrannis Americana/Bolen Storecard Mule. M.JAB.M/E-12. White metal.

    A topical index to the John J. Ford, Jr. series of auction catalogs (2003-2013) is at:

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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    1/6/1995

    Highlight: America Inimica Tyrannis/Confederatio with Large Circle of Stars. Crosby Obv. 1, Rv. A, plate VII, n.l3. Struck in silver on a somewhat broad and thin planchet. Unique both in this metal and with reeded edge. A new and historic discovery. 101.2 gns. 28.2 mm diameter along its widest axis; 0.3 mm at its thickest point along the edge. Die defects below first E and O of CONFEDERATIO as also seen on the copper ANS specimen. Sharpness of Very Fine where struck up: cen- ters weak due to insufficiency of metal to fill the dies at those points; letters in INIMICA softer than those in TYRANNIS, the dies having been axially misaligned and so improperly spaced there. Holed anciently above 7 in date, from reverse through to obverse, displacing metal below exergual line on obverse above ERI. Attempted

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 10

    1/3/1885

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 20.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 20.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 2.00 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 2.00 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 15.00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 0.40 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 0.50 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1787, sun-dial links, “We are one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 0.25 New York Cents. 1786, head, Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici ”. . . . 75.00 40.00 1787, Indian-eagle, “Neo Eboracus ” 50.00 30.00 1787, “ armsofN.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 20.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 25.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “Immunis Columbia”... 8.00 4.00 1787, bead, Liberty to right, “Nova Eborac,”

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 11

    1/4/1885

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 20.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 20.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3..50 2.00 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 2.00 1790, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 15.00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 0.40 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 0.60 1788, “ “ lialfcent.. 3.00 1.25 1787, sun-dial links, “ We are one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 0.25 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici”. . . . 75.00 40.00 1787, Indian-eagle, “ Neo lihoracus ” 50.00 30.00 1787, “ arms of N.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 20.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 25.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00' 30.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Irnmunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 4.00 1787, head. Liberty to i-ight, “ Nova

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    Mason's Coin Collector's Magazine and Coin Price Current, Vol. 13, No. 3

    1/12/1890

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,”_cent, 40.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 1787, Indlan-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 1787, “ ' “ half cent.. 3.00 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1787, sun-dial links, “Weareonc,”Fr!inklinct. 0.50 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici” 75.00 1787, Indlan-eagle, “ Neo Eboracus ” 50.00 1787, “ armsofN.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Immunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 1787, head. Liberty to right, “ Nova Eborac,” 2.00 1787, “ “ to left, “ “ a.OO Vermont Cents. 1785, head, .Justice, “ Immune Columbia” — t-5.00

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    Coin Collector's Journal, vol. 13

    1/1/1888

    Highlight: .inimica tyrannis Americana. An Indian standing beside an altar with the right foot resting upon a crown, holding in the right hand an arrow, in the left a bow, and supporting upon the back a. quiver of arrows. Borders, serrated ; edge, plain. Copper ; size 18. No. 15. — Obv. Same as No. 13. Rev. .inimica tyrannis America The Indian standing beside the altar as described in No. 14. Borders, serrated ; edge, plain. Cop- per; size 18. No. 10. — Obv. libertas et justitia .1785. U S in script in mono- gram, within a heavy wreath. Edge, plain. Copper ; size 17. No. 17. — Obv. Same as No. 13. Rev. gen. WASHINGTON. Bust of Washington in military dress, to right. Border and edge, plain. Copper ; size 184. No. 18. — Obv. Same as No. 13. Rev. * e. pluribus UNUM 1786 An eagle displayed, bearing upon

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    Illustrated History of the United States Mint

    1/1/1885

    Highlight: CONFEDERATIO AND InIMICA TyRANNIS covered Avith a cluster of thirteen small stars ; around this device a glory of fine rays, presenting a corrugated outline of sixteen points. Legend: " confederatio 1785." Border, serrated. Reverse : An Indian, standing beside an altar or pedestal, his right foot upon a crown, an arrow in his right hand, a bow in his left ; at his back a quiver full of arrows. Legend : ''INIMICA TYRANNIS AMERICA." Border, serrated; edge, plain ; size, 18 ; weight, 112 grains, Connecticut Cent, 1788. Obverse : Identical with one of 1787. Reverse : The same as one of the coins of Vermont. Another Connecticut coin of this year, has the same reverse as the " GEORGivs III REx" issue of Machin & Co., from the mint established by them

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    Illustrated History of the United States Mint

    1/1/1885

    Highlight: " Inimica Tyrannis," cent 40 00 1785, Indian-stars, stars in circle, "Inimica Tyrannis," cent 40 00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3 50 Scroll-triangle, lettered edge, Kentucky cent 3 50 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements 25 00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1 00 1787, " " half-cent 3 00 1788, " " cent 1 00 1788, " " half-cent._. 3 00 1787, sun-dial links, " We are one," Franklin cent 50 New York Cents. 1786, head, Justice, " Non vi virtute vici," 75 00 40 00 1787, Indian-eagle, " Neo Eboracns," 50 00 30 00 1787, Indian-eagle, arms of New York, " Excelsior," 40 00 20 00 1787, George Clinton, arms of New York, " Excelsior,"... 50 00 25 00 1786, eagle, arms of New York, "Excelsior," 60 00 30 00 1787, " " " " " 60 00 30 00 1787, Justice-eagle, "Immunis Columbia," 8 00 4 00

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    Coins and coinage. The United States mint, Philadelphia, history, biography, statistics, work, machinery, products, officials

    /1881

    Highlight: Inimica Tyrannis, I785^J..„T04« Coppers, New Jersey. jfc....l02 Coppers, Vermont 100 Coppers, 2 cent piece, 1864 80 Counting Board 29 Cutting Press 20-21 Dies 26 Dimes 76-78 Dismes Half Dismes, 1792 5 Dollars, Gold 66 Dollars, Silver ..67-70 Double Eagles 57 Draw Bench 19 Eagles, 1745-1870 58 Excelsior Coppers, 1787 97 First Steam Press, U. S. Mint 12 Five Dollar Gold Coin 59-62 Franklin Cent ....Ill Fugio Cent Ill George Clinton Cent, 1787 98 Georgivs Triumpho Copper, 1783 109 Gold, Brasher's Doubloon, 1787 99 Gold Coins, U. S 57-66 Granby Copper 89 Half Cent 86-87 Half Dimes Silver, 1796-1835 78 Half Dimes Silver^ 1838 79 Half Dismes and Dismes, 1792 5 Half Dollars, .. 72-74 Half Eagles 59-62 Higby Coppers 89 Ingots 17 Ingot Casting 16 Immunis Columbia, 1787 98 Immunis Columbia, 1786 105

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    Coins and coinage. The United States mint, Philadelphia, history, biography, statistics, work, machinery, products, officials

    /1881

    Highlight: Of the "Inimica Tyrannis" coppers there are two slight variations in the obverse. An Indian is standing before an altar with his right foot upon a crown. In his left hand is a bow, in the right an arrow, and a quiver full of arrows on his back, Legend, " Inimica Tyrannis Americana." There are two reverses. In each there is a cluster of thir- teen stars m the centre, with a glory surrounding them, in pne case having twenty-four and in the other sixteen rays.

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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 41

    1/9/1974

    Highlight: These are the copper pieces reading INIMICA TYRANNIS shoulder, trampling on a crown, beside her an alter on which is a cap of liberty equally interpretable as a helmet. Reverse CONFEDERATIO and 13 stars within a glory of rays. Jefferson *s Propositions Respecting the Coinage of Gold, Silver and Copper, dated May 13, 1785 (while he was in Paris), recommends the device of an I ndiaTi trampling on a crown, with MANUS INIMICA TYRANNIS, (Papers of Thomas Jefferson, VI 1, 202.) A deleted paragraph of the report of the Grand Committee (JCC, XXVIli, 3M-8; Papers of Continental Congress, No, 26, pp. 537-42, in National Archives) suggested the name "Decad** for the largest copper coin,

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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 87

    1/1/1991

    Highlight: The Inimica Tyrannis to have derived from a suggestion by Robert Morris of 1782, later adopted by Thomas Jefferson in 1785. The standard erected by Col. Alexander Hamilton's battalion when it occupied the first parallel trench opened at the siege of Yorktown (October 7, 1781 ) was emblazoned with an arm in armor holding a drawn sword, thirteen other swords linked together, and the motto "Manus Haec Inimica Tyrannis". These devices had been specified earlier in Major Jonathan Gostelove's A Return of ye New Standards & Division Coiours for ye Use of ye Army of ye United States of America, drawn up in the summer, 1778. Clearly, the motto's sentiment had been abroad in the land and the coppers simply echo a popular political

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    Colonial Newsletter Online no. 3

    4/9/1995

    Highlight: These are the copper pieces reading INIMICA TYRANNISher shoulder, trampling on a crown, beside her an alter on which is a cap of liberty equally interpretable as a helmet. Reverse CONFEDERATIO and 13 stars within a glory of rays. Jefferson's Propositions Respecting the Coinage of Gold, Silver and Copper, dated May 13, 1785 (while he was in Paris), recommends the device of an Indian trampling on a crown, with MANUS INIMICA TYRANNIS. (Papers of Thomas Jefferson, VII , 202 . ) A deleted paragraph of the report of the Grand Committee (JCC, XXVIII, 354-8; Papers of Continental Congress, No. 26, pp. 537-42, in National Archives) suggested the name "Decad" for the largest copper coin, an

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    Mason's Coin Collector's Magazine & Price Current (New Series), Vol. 13, No. 1

    1/6/1890

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 Scrolbtriangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 1790, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1787, sun-dial links, “We are one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici”. . . . 75.00 1787, Indian-eagle, “Neo Eboraetts ”. 50.00 1787, “ armsofN.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Immunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 1787, head. Liberty to right, “ Nova Eborac,” 2.00 1787, “ “ to left, “ “ 2.00 Vermont Cents. 1785, head. Justice, “ Immune Columbia ”.. .

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    Illustrated history of the United States mint with a complete description of American coinage ...

    /1888

    Highlight: CONFEDERATE AND INIMICA TYRANNIS 6, covered with a cluster of thirteen small stars ; around this device a glory of fine rays, presenting a corrugated outline of sixteen points* Legend: " CONFEDERATIO 1785." Border, serrated. Reverse : An Indian, standing beside an altar or pedestal, his right foot upon a crown, an arrow in his right hand, a bow in his left ; at his back a quiver full of arrows. Legend : "INIMICA TYRANNIS AMERICA." Border, serrated; edge, plain ; size, 18 ; weight, 112 grains. CONNECTICUT CENT, 1788. Obverse : Identical with one of 1787. Reverse : The same as one of the coins of Vermont. Another Connecticut coin of this year, has the same reverse as the " GEORGIVS ill REX" issue of Machin & Co., from the mint established by them in

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    Illustrated history of the United States mint with a complete description of American coinage ...

    /1888

    Highlight: "Inimica Tyrannis," cent 40 00 20 00 1785, in circle, " Inimica Tyrannis," cent 4000 2000 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent, plain edge 3 50 2 00 lettered edge, Kentucky cent 350 200 1796, Britania-children, British settlements 2500 1500 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1 00 40 1787, " " half-cent 3 00 1 25 1788, " " cent 1 00 50 1788, " " half-cent 3 00 1 25 1787, Sun-dial links, " We are one," Franklin cent 50 25 NEW YORK CENTS. 1786, Head, Justice, "Non vi virtute vici," $75 00 $40 00 1787, Indian-eagle, " Neo Eboracus," 50 00 30 00 1787, " arms of New York, " Excelsior," 4000 2000 1787, George Clinton arms of New York, "Excelsior/'... 5000 2500 1786, Eagle, arms of New York, "Excelsior," 60 00 30 00 1787, " " " " 60 00 30 00 1787, Justice-eagle, "Immunis Columbia," 8 00 4 00 1787,

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    Inventory Waldo Newcomer American Colonial Collection

    /1940

    Highlight: "Inimica Tyrannis" "Americana" Reverse: 13 stars in circle with rays - "Confederatio" Date below. Crosby PI. VII #12. Extremely rare. Only two specimens known. My other specimen is a reproduction. Ex. fine 1785 One Cent. Copper. Indian Standing right foot on crown. Arrow in right hand, bow in left. "Inimica Tyrannis" "America" Reverse: 13 stars in circle of rays. "Confederatio - 1785" Rare variety. Wonderful specimen Crosby PI, VII #13 Uncirculated CAROLINA 1694 Half Penny Copper. Large Elephant. Reverse: "God preserve Carolina and the Lords Proprietors 1694" in 6 lines. Obverse is very good, reverse as usual Very rare. Crosby PI. IX #2 Very good 1694 Half Penny. Elephant. Reverse: "God Preserve Carolina and the Lords Proprietors" The very rare specimen in which the "E" is not corrected.

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    Catalogue of United States and American Colonial Coins

    /1885

    Highlight: inimica TYRANNIS, Same. 1 ^' U. S. in script, libertas, etc — — Same. Heraldic eagle, 1786, — — Same. Small stars. inimica tyrannis, — — Same. “ Heraldic eagle, 1787, . . — — 1786 E PLURIBUS UNUM Cent: heraldic eagle, 1786. Shield (like N. J. Cent), — — WASHINGTON CENTS AND TOKENS. 1783 UNITED STATES : Small military bust 1 . Liberty seated, 30 i.oo Same. Large togated bust 1 . Liberty seated, .30 i.oo Same, in brass, — — Restrikes from the original dies tised for latter ; ?nay be readily obtained in silver or copper ; proofs. 1783 UNITY STATES: large togated bust 1 . one CENT, etc., 25 1784 WASHINGTON THE GREAT D.G : Ugly profile r. , 13 Lngs, — 1785 Gen. WASHINGTON: milit. bust r. confeder- ATio ; large stars in radiant circle, — 1786 Same. Heraldic eagle, — (n.d.) Same. Shield (like N.

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 1

    1/6/1884

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 20.00 10.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 20.00 10.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 2.00 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 2.00 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 15.00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 0.40 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 0.50 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1787, sun-dial links, “We are one, ’’Franklin ct. 0.50 0.25 New York Cents. 1786, head, Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici”.. . . 75.00 40.00 1787, Indian-eagle, “Neo Eboracus” 50.00 30.00 1787, “ armsofN.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 20.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 25.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Immunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 4.00 1787, bead, Liberty to right, “ Nova Eborac,”

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 1

    1/6/1884

    Highlight: “Inimica Tyrannis Ameri- 1787. Massachusetts half-cent $0 20 *J cana;” reverse, “ Confedera- 1788. Massachusetts half-cent .20 tion’ thirteen small stars in 1787. Massachusetts half-cent, arrows centre . . . . . .25 in left talon .... .20 1785. “Inimica Tyrannis Ameri- 1787. Massachusetts half-cent, arrows cana;” reverse, “Confedera- in right talon .... .20 tion’ thirteen large stars in 1788. Massachusetts half-cent .20 7 1 O centre .25 [To be continued.]

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 3

    1/8/1884

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 Scroli-triangie, Kentucky cent 3.50 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 Indian-eagie, Massachusetts cent 1.00 “ “ half cent.. 3.00 “ “ cent 1.00 “ “ half cent.. 3.00 sun-dial links, “We arc one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici”. . . . 75.00 1787, Indian-eagie, “Neo Eboracus ” 50.00 1787, “ arms of N.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Immunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 1787, head. Liberty to right, “ Nova Eborac,” 2.00 1787, “ “ to left, “ “ 2.00 Vermont Cents. 1785, he.ad. Justice, “ Immune Columbia ”... 15.00 1785, Justice-eye, “ “ ... 25.00

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 4

    1/9/1884

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 1787, Indlan-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 1787, “ “ half cent,. 3.00 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1787, sun-dial links, “We are one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non Vi virtute vici”.. . . 75.00 1 7ft7 Tn/1in«./>aorl A * * TCa/i "RbrirnmiM **.. firt 00 1787, “ armsofN.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 60.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 1787, “ “ " 60.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Imraunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 1787, head. Liberty to right, “ Nova Eborac,” 2.00 1787, “ “ to left, “ “ 2.00 Good- $20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 15.00

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 7

    1/12/1884

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 20.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 20.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 2.00 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 2.00 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 15.00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 0.40 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 0.50 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1787, sun-dial links, “We are one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 0.25 New York Cents. 1786, head, .Tustiee, “ Non vi virtute vici ”... . 75.00 40.00 1787, Jndian-eagle, “Neo Eboracus” 50.00 30.00 1787, “ armsof N.Y., “ E.xcelsior” 40.00 20.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 25.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Imraunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 4.00 1787, head. Liberty to right, “Nova Eborac,

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 9

    1/2/1885

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 1787, lndiun-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1787, sun-dial links, “Weareone, ’’Franklin ct. 0.50 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici”.... 75.00 1787, Indian-eagle, “Neo Eboracus ” 50 00 1787, “ arms of N.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 1786, eagle, “ « 60.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Immunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 1787, bead, Liberty to right, " Nova Eborac,” 2.00 1787, “ “ to left, “ “ 2.00 Vermont Cents. 1785, head, Justice, “Immune Columbia”... 15.00

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 10

    1/3/1885

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 20.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 20.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 2.00 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 2.00 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 15.00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 0.40 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 0.50 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1787, sun-dial links, “We are one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 0.25 New York Cents. 1786, head, Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici ”. . . . 75.00 40.00 1787, Indian-eagle, “Neo Eboracus ” 50.00 30.00 1787, “ armsofN.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 20.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 25.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “Immunis Columbia”... 8.00 4.00 1787, bead, Liberty to right, “Nova Eborac,”

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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 11

    1/4/1885

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 20.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 20.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3..50 2.00 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 2.00 1790, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 15.00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 0.40 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1.25 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 0.60 1788, “ “ lialfcent.. 3.00 1.25 1787, sun-dial links, “ We are one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 0.25 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici”. . . . 75.00 40.00 1787, Indian-eagle, “ Neo lihoracus ” 50.00 30.00 1787, “ arms of N.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 20.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 25.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00' 30.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 30.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Irnmunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 4.00 1787, head. Liberty to i-ight, “ Nova

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    Mason's Coin Collector's Magazine & Price Current (New Series), Vol. 13, No. 1

    1/6/1890

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,” cent, 40.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 Scrolbtriangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 1790, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 1787, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1787, sun-dial links, “We are one,” Franklin ct. 0.50 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici”. . . . 75.00 1787, Indian-eagle, “Neo Eboraetts ”. 50.00 1787, “ armsofN.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Immunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 1787, head. Liberty to right, “ Nova Eborac,” 2.00 1787, “ “ to left, “ “ 2.00 Vermont Cents. 1785, head. Justice, “ Immune Columbia ”.. .

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    Mason's Coin Collector's Magazine and Coin Price Current, Vol. 13, No. 3

    1/12/1890

    Highlight: “ Inimica Tyrannis,”_cent, 40.00 1785, “ stars in circle, “Inimica Tyrannis,” cent 40.00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3.50 “ lettered edge, Kentucky ct. 3.50 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements. 25.00 1787, Indlan-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1.00 1787, “ ' “ half cent.. 3.00 1788, “ “ cent 1.00 1788, “ “ half cent.. 3.00 1787, sun-dial links, “Weareonc,”Fr!inklinct. 0.50 New York Cents. 1786, head. Justice, “ Non vi virtute vici” 75.00 1787, Indlan-eagle, “ Neo Eboracus ” 50.00 1787, “ armsofN.Y., “ Excelsior” 40.00 1787, Geo. Clinton, “ “ 50.00 1786, eagle, “ “ 60.00 1787, “ “ “ 60.00 1787, Justice-eagle, “ Immunis Columbia”. . . 8.00 1787, head. Liberty to right, “ Nova Eborac,” 2.00 1787, “ “ to left, “ “ a.OO Vermont Cents. 1785, head, .Justice, “ Immune Columbia” — t-5.00

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    Coin Collector's Journal, vol. 13

    1/1/1888

    Highlight: .inimica tyrannis Americana. An Indian standing beside an altar with the right foot resting upon a crown, holding in the right hand an arrow, in the left a bow, and supporting upon the back a. quiver of arrows. Borders, serrated ; edge, plain. Copper ; size 18. No. 15. — Obv. Same as No. 13. Rev. .inimica tyrannis America The Indian standing beside the altar as described in No. 14. Borders, serrated ; edge, plain. Cop- per; size 18. No. 10. — Obv. libertas et justitia .1785. U S in script in mono- gram, within a heavy wreath. Edge, plain. Copper ; size 17. No. 17. — Obv. Same as No. 13. Rev. gen. WASHINGTON. Bust of Washington in military dress, to right. Border and edge, plain. Copper ; size 184. No. 18. — Obv. Same as No. 13. Rev. * e. pluribus UNUM 1786 An eagle displayed, bearing upon

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    Illustrated History of the United States Mint

    1/1/1885

    Highlight: CONFEDERATIO AND InIMICA TyRANNIS covered Avith a cluster of thirteen small stars ; around this device a glory of fine rays, presenting a corrugated outline of sixteen points. Legend: " confederatio 1785." Border, serrated. Reverse : An Indian, standing beside an altar or pedestal, his right foot upon a crown, an arrow in his right hand, a bow in his left ; at his back a quiver full of arrows. Legend : ''INIMICA TYRANNIS AMERICA." Border, serrated; edge, plain ; size, 18 ; weight, 112 grains, Connecticut Cent, 1788. Obverse : Identical with one of 1787. Reverse : The same as one of the coins of Vermont. Another Connecticut coin of this year, has the same reverse as the " GEORGivs III REx" issue of Machin & Co., from the mint established by them

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    Illustrated History of the United States Mint

    1/1/1885

    Highlight: " Inimica Tyrannis," cent 40 00 1785, Indian-stars, stars in circle, "Inimica Tyrannis," cent 40 00 Scroll-triangle, Kentucky cent 3 50 Scroll-triangle, lettered edge, Kentucky cent 3 50 1796, Britannia-children, British settlements 25 00 1787, Indian-eagle, Massachusetts cent 1 00 1787, " " half-cent 3 00 1788, " " cent 1 00 1788, " " half-cent._. 3 00 1787, sun-dial links, " We are one," Franklin cent 50 New York Cents. 1786, head, Justice, " Non vi virtute vici," 75 00 40 00 1787, Indian-eagle, " Neo Eboracns," 50 00 30 00 1787, Indian-eagle, arms of New York, " Excelsior," 40 00 20 00 1787, George Clinton, arms of New York, " Excelsior,"... 50 00 25 00 1786, eagle, arms of New York, "Excelsior," 60 00 30 00 1787, " " " " " 60 00 30 00 1787, Justice-eagle, "Immunis Columbia," 8 00 4 00

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    Coins and coinage. The United States mint, Philadelphia, history, biography, statistics, work, machinery, products, officials

    /1881

    Highlight: Inimica Tyrannis, I785^J..„T04« Coppers, New Jersey. jfc....l02 Coppers, Vermont 100 Coppers, 2 cent piece, 1864 80 Counting Board 29 Cutting Press 20-21 Dies 26 Dimes 76-78 Dismes Half Dismes, 1792 5 Dollars, Gold 66 Dollars, Silver ..67-70 Double Eagles 57 Draw Bench 19 Eagles, 1745-1870 58 Excelsior Coppers, 1787 97 First Steam Press, U. S. Mint 12 Five Dollar Gold Coin 59-62 Franklin Cent ....Ill Fugio Cent Ill George Clinton Cent, 1787 98 Georgivs Triumpho Copper, 1783 109 Gold, Brasher's Doubloon, 1787 99 Gold Coins, U. S 57-66 Granby Copper 89 Half Cent 86-87 Half Dimes Silver, 1796-1835 78 Half Dimes Silver^ 1838 79 Half Dismes and Dismes, 1792 5 Half Dollars, .. 72-74 Half Eagles 59-62 Higby Coppers 89 Ingots 17 Ingot Casting 16 Immunis Columbia, 1787 98 Immunis Columbia, 1786 105

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    Coins and coinage. The United States mint, Philadelphia, history, biography, statistics, work, machinery, products, officials

    /1881

    Highlight: Of the "Inimica Tyrannis" coppers there are two slight variations in the obverse. An Indian is standing before an altar with his right foot upon a crown. In his left hand is a bow, in the right an arrow, and a quiver full of arrows on his back, Legend, " Inimica Tyrannis Americana." There are two reverses. In each there is a cluster of thir- teen stars m the centre, with a glory surrounding them, in pne case having twenty-four and in the other sixteen rays.

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