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    Inimica tyrannis

    MORE COLONIAL SELECTIONS FROM NEWMAN PARTV

    10/05/2014

    MORE COLONIAL SELECTIONS FROM NEWMAN PARTV http www coinbooks org esylum_v17n41a17 html At my request Maureen Levine forwarded me text and images for some more headline lots in the upcoming Heritage sale of Part V of the Eric P Newman collection Thanks Editor 1785 Inimica tyrannis Cent 1785 Inimica Tyrannis America Confederatio Large Circle Cent Original MS63 Brown NGC Breen 1123 Whitman 5630 High R 7 120 6 grains 99 Copper per NGC metallurgical tests There are two obverse dies known for this type here with the legend INIMICA TYRANNIS AMERICA and in the next lot with the legend INIMICA TYRANNIS AMERICANA The reverse dies are also distinctive here with the la


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    United States Coins featuring The Dr. James W. Vander Zanden Collection and Coins Sold on Behalf of Yale University



    EARLY AMERICAN COINS UNIQUE 1785 LARGE CIRCLE AMERICA CONFEDERATIO Struck in Silver With Edge Reeded A New and Historic Discovery Enlarged 18 1785 America Inimica tyrannis Confederatio with Large Circle of Stars Crosby Obv 1 Rv A plate VII n 13 Struck in silver on a somewhat broad and thin planchet Unique both in this metal and with reeded edge A new and historic discovery 101 2 gns 28 2mm diameter along its widest axis 0 3mm at its thickest point along the edge Die defects below first E and O of CONFEDERATIO as also seen on the ANS specimen in copper


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    United States Coins featuring The Dr. James W. Vander Zanden Collection and Coins Sold on Behalf of Yale University



    EARLY AMERICAN COINS UNIQUE 1785 LARGE CIRCLE AMERICA CONFEDERATIO Struck in Silver With Edge Reeded A New and Historic Discovery Enlarged 18 1785 America Inimica tyrannis Confederatio with Large Circle of Stars Crosby Obv 1 Rv A plate VII n 13 Struck in silver on a somewhat broad and thin planchet Unique both in this metal and with reeded edge A new and historic discovery 101 2 gns 28 2mm diameter along its widest axis 0 3mm at its thickest point along the edge Die defects below first E and O of CONFEDERATIO as also seen on the ANS specimen in copper


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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    6/1/1995

    litary ceremony required that a standard be planted on the parapet announc ing the start of hostilities Colonel Alexander Hamilton s battalion was chosen to march into the trench and Hamilton himself raised the flag against the British The description of his battalion standard corre sponds to the Gostelowe Standard Number 2 design an armored hand grasping a sword with the legend MANUS HAEC Inimica tyrannis blazoned above This design is also found on infantry uni form buttons worn by a Massachusetts regiment raised earlier in 1776 The obverse type on the America Inimica Tyrannis coinage and the military legend MANUS INIMICA TYRANNIS are found combined appended to Robert Morris report of January 15 1782 see State Papers Finance I p l05 A drawing of the reverse of the America Inimica Tyrann


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 2



    1785 CONFEDERATE COPPERS From a letter dated August 18 1949 from Mr Ford to Damon G Douglas Recently I purchased for my collection an 1785 Inimica tyrannis America Confederatin Cent Large circle of stars reverse Finding the coin an interesting one I decided to do a little research on the entire Confederatio series in the hope of preparing a complete article for the Numismatist Mr Homer K Downing a very good friend of mine suggested that I contact you He said that you had made a detailed study of Colonial Mints in New Jersey New York


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 2



    1785 CONFEDERATE COPPERS From a letter dated August 18 1949 from Mr Ford to Damon G Douglas Recently I purchased for my collection an 1785 Inimica tyrannis America Confederatin Cent Large circle of stars reverse Finding the coin an interesting one I decided to do a little research on the entire Confederatio series in the hope of preparing a complete article for the Numismatist Mr Homer K Downing a very good friend of mine suggested that I contact you He said that you had made a detailed study of Colonial Mints in New Jersey New York


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 2



    1785 CONFEDERATE COPPERS From a letter dated August 18 1949 from Mr Ford to Damon G Douglas Recently I purchased for my collection an 1785 Inimica tyrannis America Confederatin Cent Large circle of stars reverse Finding the coin an interesting one I decided to do a little research on the entire Confederatio series in the hope of preparing a complete article for the Numismatist Mr Homer K Downing a very good friend of mine suggested that I contact you He said that you had made a detailed study of Colonial Mints in New Jersey New York


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    Auction sale of rare coins and paper money from the collection of Leslie V. Case ... and Col. J. B. Washer ... [03/19/1937-03/20/1937]



    hold ing shield and palm branch AMERICA Bolen s copy from an or iginal whose present location is unknown Probably a pattern Bril liant red proof Extremely rare 437 Pattern Colonial Cent 1783 1787 Trial of the obverse die Finely modeled laureated head to right profile resembling George Wash ington Around i AUCTORI PLEBIS Reverse is blank Fine Ap pears to be unknown 438 Inimica tyrannis Cent 1785 Same dies but more breaks showing as the cracking of the dies progressed further Central portions not sharply struck up Fine for the coin Furrowed edge Thin flan Very probably genuine but sold as is Not the usual Bolen restrike 439 Inimica Tyrannis Cent 1785 Continental Pattern eopper cent 1785 Inimica Tyrannis Americana Indian standing with bow and arrow leaning aga


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    Auction sale of rare coins and paper money from the collection of Leslie V. Case ... and Col. J. B. Washer ... [03/19/1937-03/20/1937]



    hold ing shield and palm branch AMERICA Bolen s copy from an or iginal whose present location is unknown Probably a pattern Bril liant red proof Extremely rare 437 Pattern Colonial Cent 1783 1787 Trial of the obverse die Finely modeled laureated head to right profile resembling George Wash ington Around i AUCTORI PLEBIS Reverse is blank Fine Ap pears to be unknown 438 Inimica tyrannis Cent 1785 Same dies but more breaks showing as the cracking of the dies progressed further Central portions not sharply struck up Fine for the coin Furrowed edge Thin flan Very probably genuine but sold as is Not the usual Bolen restrike 439 Inimica Tyrannis Cent 1785 Continental Pattern eopper cent 1785 Inimica Tyrannis Americana Indian standing with bow and arrow leaning aga


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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    6/1/1995

    on West 57th Street in New York City and showed two coins One was a Ryder 25 1788 Vermont copper struck over a 1782 coun terfeit Hibernia Halfpenny a VG to Fine coin that wasn t very exciting The other was a thoroughly unprepossessing silver coin with a big hole in the top and a fairly ugly pale silver gray color The coin s types were those expected on the very rare plain edge copper America Inimica tyrannis Large Circle Confederatio issue Breen 1123 only this new coin was struck in silver and it had a reeded edge After some careful study and consultation with a couple of other numismatists whose opinion about early American coins was worth listening to it was determined that the new coin is not only authentic and unique but also of the highest numismatic importance The new discovery strongly


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    Auction sale of rare coins and paper money from the collection of Leslie V. Case ... and Col. J. B. Washer ... [03/19/1937-03/20/1937]



    hold ing shield and palm branch AMERICA Bolen s copy from an or iginal whose present location is unknown Probably a pattern Bril liant red proof Extremely rare 437 Pattern Colonial Cent 1783 1787 Trial of the obverse die Finely modeled laureated head to right profile resembling George Wash ington Around i AUCTORI PLEBIS Reverse is blank Fine Ap pears to be unknown 438 Inimica tyrannis Cent 1785 Same dies but more breaks showing as the cracking of the dies progressed further Central portions not sharply struck up Fine for the coin Furrowed edge Thin flan Very probably genuine but sold as is Not the usual Bolen restrike 439 Inimica Tyrannis Cent 1785 Continental Pattern eopper cent 1785 Inimica Tyrannis Americana Indian standing with bow and arrow leaning aga


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 2



    nsider what kind of coins should be struck for the new country Attached to the re port is a letter in the handwriting of Gouverneur Morris Morris was the brains behind the 1783 Nova Constellatio pattern coinage In his letter dated May 13 1785 Morris describes the obverse design for a gold coin he called a crown It shows an Indian with his foot on a fallen crown and the legend Manus Haec Inimica tyrannis Also accompanying the report of the Grand Committee is a hand drawn sketch of the reverse of a coin design suggested by Robert Morris but probably suggested by Gou verneur that showed a large circle of rays surrounding 13 stars in the center with the word Confederatio around the top and the date 1785 at the bottom It is clear that the Inimica Tyrannis inscription was very familiar to folk


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 14



    K 10 mule of K 7 and K 8 M JAB M 11 Copper Choice About Uncirculated 156 1 gns Brown Ex New Netherlands Coin Company Lot No 603 603 Clinton Eagle on Globe Mule K 12 mule of K 8 and K 7 M JAB M 13 Copper Choice Uncircu lated 158 1 gns Mostly red Reverse rim cud Ex tremely rare Musante found no auction records for this variety Ex New Netherlands Coin Company Lot No 606 606 Inimica tyrannis Americana Bolen Storecard Mule M JAB M E 12 Copper Choice Uncircu lated 185 0 gns Most red remains Thick flan Obverse die defaced Ex Virgil Brand Collection in July 1954 Lot No 607 607 Inimica Tyrannis Americana Bolen Storecard Mule M JAB M E 12 Brass Choice Uncirculated 140 7 gns Nice rich brassy green color Obverse die de faced Ex Virgil Brand Collection in July 1954 bit


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    American Journal of Numismatics (Series One), Vols. 26 - 28

    7/1/1891

    fore not only the early style but also the Baby Ionic standard of all these little silver coins it may be affirmed that they precede in date the foundation of Amphipolis and as they have been generally found in its neighborhood the probability is that they were issued at Eton a place which after 437 became secondary to Amphipolis after which it is not likely to have had a separate mint Inimica tyrannis The reverse Inimica Tyrannis used with the Confederates is some what interesting there are two die varieties of this reverse of one of them only a single impression is known and this was found in digging a drain at Berlin Connecticut This has the word America at the bottom while the other has Americana It is probable that this was originally intended as the obverse of a pro pose


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 2



    nsider what kind of coins should be struck for the new country Attached to the re port is a letter in the handwriting of Gouverneur Morris Morris was the brains behind the 1783 Nova Constellatio pattern coinage In his letter dated May 13 1785 Morris describes the obverse design for a gold coin he called a crown It shows an Indian with his foot on a fallen crown and the legend Manus Haec Inimica tyrannis Also accompanying the report of the Grand Committee is a hand drawn sketch of the reverse of a coin design suggested by Robert Morris but probably suggested by Gou verneur that showed a large circle of rays surrounding 13 stars in the center with the word Confederatio around the top and the date 1785 at the bottom It is clear that the Inimica Tyrannis inscription was very familiar to folk


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 14



    K 10 mule of K 7 and K 8 M JAB M 11 Copper Choice About Uncirculated 156 1 gns Brown Ex New Netherlands Coin Company Lot No 603 603 Clinton Eagle on Globe Mule K 12 mule of K 8 and K 7 M JAB M 13 Copper Choice Uncircu lated 158 1 gns Mostly red Reverse rim cud Ex tremely rare Musante found no auction records for this variety Ex New Netherlands Coin Company Lot No 606 606 Inimica tyrannis Americana Bolen Storecard Mule M JAB M E 12 Copper Choice Uncircu lated 185 0 gns Most red remains Thick flan Obverse die defaced Ex Virgil Brand Collection in July 1954 Lot No 607 607 Inimica Tyrannis Americana Bolen Storecard Mule M JAB M E 12 Brass Choice Uncirculated 140 7 gns Nice rich brassy green color Obverse die de faced Ex Virgil Brand Collection in July 1954 bit


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    The C4 Newsletter, Summer 1995

    6/1/1995

    l 3 No 2 Through the courtesy of Stack s I have attached here excerpts from the catalogue description of this historic coin In fairness I should say that the coin will be included in the firm s June 13 sale this year It will be on exhibition the week prior to the sale so anyone who wants to see it may It doesn t look like much but in terms of history it s of the highest quality America Inimica tyrannis Confederatio with Large Circle of Stars Crosby Obv 1 Rv A plate VII n l3 Struck in silver on a somewhat broad and thin planchet Unique both in this metal and with reeded edge A new and historic discovery 101 2 gns 28 2 mm diameter along its widest axis 0 3 mm at its thickest point along the edge Die defects below first E and O of CONFEDERATIO as also seen on the copper ANS specimen


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    American Journal of Numismatics (Series One), Vols. 26 - 28

    7/1/1891

    fore not only the early style but also the Baby Ionic standard of all these little silver coins it may be affirmed that they precede in date the foundation of Amphipolis and as they have been generally found in its neighborhood the probability is that they were issued at Eton a place which after 437 became secondary to Amphipolis after which it is not likely to have had a separate mint Inimica tyrannis The reverse Inimica Tyrannis used with the Confederates is some what interesting there are two die varieties of this reverse of one of them only a single impression is known and this was found in digging a drain at Berlin Connecticut This has the word America at the bottom while the other has Americana It is probable that this was originally intended as the obverse of a pro pose


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    American Journal of Numismatics (Second Series), Vol. 9

    1/1/1997 ANS

    p 39015068963068 Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike http www hathitrust Org access_use cc by nc sa 4 0 70 Elizabeth M Nuxoll published prior to the production of the coppers The producers of the coppers had to have access to the coins or inside information about them Other private coins were produced in 1785 similar to the Nova Constellatio coins or other designs Manus Inimica tyrannis and Confederatio suggested in Congress at the time Morris s plan were being discussed but no link of either Robert or Gouverneur Morris to their production has yet been found The Manus Inimica Tyrannis design for a piece to be called a crown was suggested in a paper submitted to Congress by Gouverneur Morris not by Jefferson as a recent article by George Fuld suggested The Confederati


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 2



    nsider what kind of coins should be struck for the new country Attached to the re port is a letter in the handwriting of Gouverneur Morris Morris was the brains behind the 1783 Nova Constellatio pattern coinage In his letter dated May 13 1785 Morris describes the obverse design for a gold coin he called a crown It shows an Indian with his foot on a fallen crown and the legend Manus Haec Inimica tyrannis Also accompanying the report of the Grand Committee is a hand drawn sketch of the reverse of a coin design suggested by Robert Morris but probably suggested by Gou verneur that showed a large circle of rays surrounding 13 stars in the center with the word Confederatio around the top and the date 1785 at the bottom It is clear that the Inimica Tyrannis inscription was very familiar to folk


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 14



    K 10 mule of K 7 and K 8 M JAB M 11 Copper Choice About Uncirculated 156 1 gns Brown Ex New Netherlands Coin Company Lot No 603 603 Clinton Eagle on Globe Mule K 12 mule of K 8 and K 7 M JAB M 13 Copper Choice Uncircu lated 158 1 gns Mostly red Reverse rim cud Ex tremely rare Musante found no auction records for this variety Ex New Netherlands Coin Company Lot No 606 606 Inimica tyrannis Americana Bolen Storecard Mule M JAB M E 12 Copper Choice Uncircu lated 185 0 gns Most red remains Thick flan Obverse die defaced Ex Virgil Brand Collection in July 1954 Lot No 607 607 Inimica Tyrannis Americana Bolen Storecard Mule M JAB M E 12 Brass Choice Uncirculated 140 7 gns Nice rich brassy green color Obverse die de faced Ex Virgil Brand Collection in July 1954 bit


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    American Numismatic Society Magazine: Summer 2007

    6/1/2007 Numismatics Periodicals

    dom liberty while independens independent is a neo Latin form derived from independentia a word whose connection to English independence is obvious It has already been shown in Part 1 why this legend should be construed as Latin rather than French Fig 1 2 United States CONFEDERATIO AE decad pattern 1 785 Breen 1 1 23 ANS 1 941 1 47 3 gift of George Hubbard Clapp 28 mm Inimica tyrannis Enemy to Tyrants CON FEDERATIO patterns 1785 Fig 12 This motto is derived from a couplet that the English political theorist Algernon Sidney 1622 1683 was said to have inscribed in the Book of Mottoes in the King s Library in Copenhagen Denmark The original full motto was Manus haec inimica tyrannis Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem This hand is an enemy to tyrants B


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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 10

    3/1/1885

    through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 No date axe I cut my way through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 1778 head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 15 00 1783 U 8 eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 40 1783 Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 30 1785 U 8 eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 40 1783 Liberty caged Georgius Triumpho ct 3 00 1 25 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 40 00 20 00 1785 stars in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 40 00 20 00 Scroll triangle Kentucky cent 3 50 2 00 lettered edge Kentucky ct 3 50 2 00 1796 Britannia children British settlements 25 00 15 00 1787 Indian eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 0 40 1787 half cent 3 00 1 25 1788 cent 1 00 0 50 1788 half cent 3 00 1 25 1787 sun dial links We are one Fra


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    Coins and coinage. The United States mint, Philadelphia, history, biography, statistics, work, machinery, products, officials

    /1881 Mint Cabinet Philadelphia Mint

    116 Cent Colonies Francoises 1722 94 Cent Colonies Francoises 1767 95 Cent Immunis Columbia 98 105 Cent Kentucky 110 Cent Talbut Alum Lee 100 Cent Washington 97 10 3 106 107 108 109 Coining Middle Ages 11 Coining Presses 12 13 25 Coining Punch A D 337 10 Coins Connecticut 101 Coins New England Coins Summer Island Colonial Coins Copper Excelsior 1787 I fe7 Coppers Inimica tyrannis I785 J T04 Coppers New Jersey jfc l02 Coppers Vermont 100 Coppers 2 cent piece 1864 80 Counting Board 29 Cutting Press 20 21 Dies 26 Dimes 76 78 Dismes Half Dismes 1792 5 Dollars Gold 66 Dollars Silver 67 70 Double Eagles 57 Draw Bench 19 Eagles 1745 1870 58 Excelsior Coppers 1787 97 First Steam Press U S Mint 12 Five Dollar Gold Coin 59 62 Franklin Cent Ill Fugio Cent I


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    Coins and coinage. The United States mint, Philadelphia, history, biography, statistics, work, machinery, products, officials

    /1881 Mint Cabinet Philadelphia Mint

    XL S but none have the denominational figures like the silver pieces They have various dates 1783 1785 and 1786 The latter are exceed ingly rare the others are all common Some rare combina tions are with Immune Columbia 1785 reverse worth fifteen or twenty dollars and the same with the wedge shaped rays and u Immune Columbia reverse lately sold for one hundred dollars Of the Inimica tyrannis coppers there are two slight variations in the obverse An Indian is standing before an altar with his right foot upon a crown In his left hand is a bow in the right an arrow and a quiver full of arrows on his back Legend Inimica Tyrannis Americana There are two reverses In each there is a cluster of thir teen stars m the centre with a glory surrounding them in pne case having twent


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 41

    9/1/1974

    And so we can safely assume that this was in a way easy to remember and hard to forget that The heavens now proclaim America free A vehicle for propaganda for a newborn nation barely escaped from tyranny Which brings up the question of the correct reading for the pattern Decads of 1785 also by Wyon to devices and legends suggested by Thomas Jefferson These are the copper pieces reading Inimica tyrannis AMERICA or AMERICANA with the Goddess Diana arrow in right hand bow in left quiver of arrows slung over her shoulder trampling on a crown beside her an alter on which is a cap of liberty equally interpretable as a helmet Reverse CONFEDERATIO and 13 stars within a glory of rays Jefferson s Propositions Respecting the Coinage of Gold Silver and Copper dated May 13 1785 while he was i


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 87

    1/1/1991

    S COLUMBIA coppers 22 since These have long been called patterns because of their apparent low mintages and unusual Inscriptions There is however no credible evidence of their true nature or function Low mintage obviously does not necessarily imply pattern status Unusual legends may be of uncertain import to us today but may have been thoroughly understandable to contemporaries The Inimica tyrannis America Americana coppers are a case In point Their legends are said to have derived from a suggestion by Robert Morris of 1782 later adopted by Thomas Jefferson in 1785 The standard erected by Col Alexander Hamilton s battalion when it occupied the first parallel trench opened at the siege of Yorktown October 7 1781 was emblazoned with an arm in armor holding a drawn sword thirteen othe


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    Colonial Newsletter Online no. 3

    9/4/1995

    proclaim America free A vehicle for propaganda for a newborn nation barely escaped from tyranny Which brings up the question of the correct reading for the pattern Decads of 1785 also by Wyon to devices and legends suggested by Thomas Jefferson These are the copper pieces reading Inimica tyrannis AMERICA or AMERICANA with the Goddess Diana arrow in right hand bow in left quiver of arrows slung over her shoulder trampling on a crown beside her an alter on which is a cap of liberty equally interpretable as a helmet Reverse CONFEDERATIO and 13 stars within a glory of rays Jefferson s Propositions Respecting the Coinage of Gold Silver and Copper dated May 13 1785 while he was in


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    Mason's Coin Collector's Magazine & Price Current (New Series), Vol. 13, No. 1

    6/1/1890

    0 1737 deer hammers axe I cut my way througlu Granby cent 40 00 No date axe 1 cut my way through Gninby cent 40 00 1778 head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 1783 U H eye Nova Constellatio eent 1 00 1783 Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 1785 I S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 1783 Liberty caged Georgius Triumpho ct 3 00 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 40 00 1785 stars in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 40 00 Scrolbtriangle Kentucky cent 3 50 lettered edge Kentucky ct 3 50 1790 Britannia children British settlements 25 00 1787 Indian eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 1787 half cent 3 00 1788 cent 1 00 1788 half cent 3 00 1787 sun dial links We are one Franklin ct 0 50 New York Cents 1786 head Justic


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    Illustrated history of the United States mint with a complete description of American coinage ...

    /1888

    acing right in her extended left hand the scales of justice right hand staff of liberty bearing a flag and crowned with a cap Legend IMMUNIS COLUMBIA Exergue 1786 Bor der serrated edge plain size 18 weight 160 grains Reverse A shield argent six pales gules a chief azure Legend E PLURIBUS UNUM Border serrated edge plain size 18 weight 160 grains CONFEDERATE AND Inimica tyrannis Obverse A circular central field size 6 covered with a cluster of thirteen small stars around this device a glory of fine rays presenting a corrugated outline of sixteen points Legend CONFEDERATIO 1785 Border serrated Reverse An Indian standing beside an altar or pedestal his right foot upon a crown an arrow in his right hand a bow in his left at his back a quiver full of


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    Illustrated history of the United States mint with a complete description of American coinage ...

    /1888

    by cent 40 00 20 00 1737 Axe I cut my way through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 No date axe I cut my way through Granbycent 40 00 20 00 1778 Head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 15 00 1783 U S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 40 1783 1 00 40 1785 If S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 30 1783 Liberty caged Georgius Triumpho cent 300 1 25 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 40 00 20 00 1785 in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 4000 2000 Scroll triangle Kentucky cent plain edge 3 50 2 00 lettered edge Kentucky cent 350 200 1796 Britania children British settlements 2500 1500 1787 Indian eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 40 1787 half cent 3 00 1 25 1788 cent 1 00 50 1788 half cent 3 00 1 25 1787 Sun dial links We are one Franklin cent 5


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    Inventory Waldo Newcomer American Colonial Collection

    /1940

    own Crosby VII 17 58 Proof 1787 One Cent Liberty on globe with flag Immunis Columbia Date Reverse Small Eagle E star PLURIBUS star UNUJ Strong impression Crosby PI VIII 8 cut 61 Fine INIMICfl TYRflNNIS 1785 One Cent Like other specimens but AI IERICflNfl Reverse Smaller stars Crosby VII 12 Copy not an original Uncirculated 1785 One Cent Indian Standing by altar Inimica tyrannis Americana Reverse 13 stars in circle with rays Confederatio Date below Crosby PI VII 12 Extremely rare Only two specimens known My other specimen is a reproduction Ex fine 1785 One Cent Copper Indian Standing right foot on crown Arrow in right hand bow in left Inimica Tyrannis America Reverse 13 stars in circle of rays Confederatio 1785 Rare variety Wonderful speci


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    Catalogue of United States and American Colonial Coins

    /1885 [Numismatics Fixed Price Lists]

    42 MISCELLANEOUS TOKENS WASHINGTONS Very Very fair good 1786 iMMUNis COLUMBIA Liberty seated r IJ Shield like N J Cent 1787 Same Liberty seated r R Spread eagle E PLURIBUS UNUM 5 50 8 00 1785 coNFEDERATio Cent large stars Inimica tyrannis Same 1 U S in script libertas etc Same Heraldic eagle 1786 Same Small stars inimica tyrannis Same Heraldic eagle 1787 1786 E PLURIBUS UNUM Cent heraldic eagle 1786 Shield like N J Cent WASHINGTON CENTS AND TOKENS 1783 UNITED STATES Small military bust 1 Liberty seated 30 i oo Same Large togated bust 1 Liberty seated 30 i oo Same in b


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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 1

    6/1/1884

    through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 No date axe I cut my way through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 1778 head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 15 00 1783 U S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 40 1783 Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 30 1785 U S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 40 1783 Liberty caged Georgius Triumpho ct 3 00 1 25 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 20 00 10 00 1785 stars in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 20 00 10 00 Scroll triangle Kentucky cent 3 50 2 00 lettered edge Kentucky ct 3 50 2 00 1796 Britannia children British settlements 25 00 15 00 1787 Indian eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 0 40 1787 half cent 3 00 1 25 1788 cent 1 00 0 50 1788 half cent 3 00 1 25 1787 sun dial links We are one F


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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 1

    6/1/1884

    F ugio reverse thirteen links 1845 4 4 25 with names of States 20 1846 4 4 25 1787 Fugio reverse variety 20 1847 4 4 25 1787 Fugio reverse thirteen links 1848 44 25 without names of States 20 1849 44 25 1737 Granby reverse three ham 1852 4 4 25 mers 20 1737 Granby reverse axe 20 COLONIAL COINS 1766 Pitt Token 20 Date Price 1785 Inimica tyrannis Ameri 1787 Massachusetts half cent 0 20 J cana reverse Confedera 1788 Massachusetts half cent 20 tion thirteen small stars in 1787 Massachusetts half cent arrows centre 25 in left talon 20 1785 Inimica Tyrannis Ameri 1787 Massachusetts half cent arrows cana reverse Confedera in right talon 20 tion thirteen large stars in 1788 Massachusetts half ce


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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 4

    9/1/1884

    40 00 1737 deer hammers axe I cut my way through Granhy cent 40 00 No date axe I cut my way through Granby cent 40 00 1778 head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 1783 U 8 eye Nova Consteliatio cent 1 00 1783 Nova Consteliatio cent 1 00 1785 N eye Nova Consteiiatio cent 1 00 1783 Liberty caged Georgius Trlumpho ct 3 00 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 40 00 1785 stars in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 40 00 Scroll triangle Kentucky cent 3 50 lettered edge Kentucky ct 3 50 1796 Britannia children British settlements 25 00 1787 Indlan eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 1787 half cent 3 00 1788 cent 1 00 1788 half cent 3 00 1787 sun dial links We are one Franklin ct 0 50 New York Cents 1786 head Justi


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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 7

    12/1/1884

    through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 No date axe I cut my way tlirough Granby cent 40 00 20 00 1778 head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 15 00 1783 U S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 40 1783 Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 30 1785 17 N eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 40 1783 Liberty caged GeorgiusTriumpho ct 3 00 1 25 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 40 00 20 00 1785 stars in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 40 00 20 00 Scroll triangle Kentucky cent 3 50 2 00 lettered edge Kentucky ct 3 50 2 00 1796 Britannia children British settlements 25 00 15 00 1787 Indian eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 0 40 1787 half cent 3 00 1 25 1788 cent 1 00 0 50 1788 half cent 3 00 1 25 1787 sun dial links We are one Fra


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    Mason's Monthly Illus. Coin Collector's Magazine & Coin Price Current, Vol.I, No. 10

    3/1/1885

    through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 No date axe I cut my way through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 1778 head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 15 00 1783 U 8 eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 40 1783 Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 30 1785 U 8 eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 0 40 1783 Liberty caged Georgius Triumpho ct 3 00 1 25 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 40 00 20 00 1785 stars in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 40 00 20 00 Scroll triangle Kentucky cent 3 50 2 00 lettered edge Kentucky ct 3 50 2 00 1796 Britannia children British settlements 25 00 15 00 1787 Indian eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 0 40 1787 half cent 3 00 1 25 1788 cent 1 00 0 50 1788 half cent 3 00 1 25 1787 sun dial links We are one Fra


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    Mason's Coin Collector's Magazine & Price Current (New Series), Vol. 13, No. 1

    6/1/1890

    0 1737 deer hammers axe I cut my way througlu Granby cent 40 00 No date axe 1 cut my way through Gninby cent 40 00 1778 head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 1783 U H eye Nova Constellatio eent 1 00 1783 Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 1785 I S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 1783 Liberty caged Georgius Triumpho ct 3 00 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 40 00 1785 stars in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 40 00 Scrolbtriangle Kentucky cent 3 50 lettered edge Kentucky ct 3 50 1790 Britannia children British settlements 25 00 1787 Indian eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 1787 half cent 3 00 1788 cent 1 00 1788 half cent 3 00 1787 sun dial links We are one Franklin ct 0 50 New York Cents 1786 head Justic


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    Coins and coinage. The United States mint, Philadelphia, history, biography, statistics, work, machinery, products, officials

    /1881 Mint Cabinet Philadelphia Mint

    116 Cent Colonies Francoises 1722 94 Cent Colonies Francoises 1767 95 Cent Immunis Columbia 98 105 Cent Kentucky 110 Cent Talbut Alum Lee 100 Cent Washington 97 10 3 106 107 108 109 Coining Middle Ages 11 Coining Presses 12 13 25 Coining Punch A D 337 10 Coins Connecticut 101 Coins New England Coins Summer Island Colonial Coins Copper Excelsior 1787 I fe7 Coppers Inimica tyrannis I785 J T04 Coppers New Jersey jfc l02 Coppers Vermont 100 Coppers 2 cent piece 1864 80 Counting Board 29 Cutting Press 20 21 Dies 26 Dimes 76 78 Dismes Half Dismes 1792 5 Dollars Gold 66 Dollars Silver 67 70 Double Eagles 57 Draw Bench 19 Eagles 1745 1870 58 Excelsior Coppers 1787 97 First Steam Press U S Mint 12 Five Dollar Gold Coin 59 62 Franklin Cent Ill Fugio Cent I


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    Coins and coinage. The United States mint, Philadelphia, history, biography, statistics, work, machinery, products, officials

    /1881 Mint Cabinet Philadelphia Mint

    XL S but none have the denominational figures like the silver pieces They have various dates 1783 1785 and 1786 The latter are exceed ingly rare the others are all common Some rare combina tions are with Immune Columbia 1785 reverse worth fifteen or twenty dollars and the same with the wedge shaped rays and u Immune Columbia reverse lately sold for one hundred dollars Of the Inimica tyrannis coppers there are two slight variations in the obverse An Indian is standing before an altar with his right foot upon a crown In his left hand is a bow in the right an arrow and a quiver full of arrows on his back Legend Inimica Tyrannis Americana There are two reverses In each there is a cluster of thir teen stars m the centre with a glory surrounding them in pne case having twent


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 41

    9/1/1974

    And so we can safely assume that this was in a way easy to remember and hard to forget that The heavens now proclaim America free A vehicle for propaganda for a newborn nation barely escaped from tyranny Which brings up the question of the correct reading for the pattern Decads of 1785 also by Wyon to devices and legends suggested by Thomas Jefferson These are the copper pieces reading Inimica tyrannis AMERICA or AMERICANA with the Goddess Diana arrow in right hand bow in left quiver of arrows slung over her shoulder trampling on a crown beside her an alter on which is a cap of liberty equally interpretable as a helmet Reverse CONFEDERATIO and 13 stars within a glory of rays Jefferson s Propositions Respecting the Coinage of Gold Silver and Copper dated May 13 1785 while he was i


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 87

    1/1/1991

    S COLUMBIA coppers 22 since These have long been called patterns because of their apparent low mintages and unusual Inscriptions There is however no credible evidence of their true nature or function Low mintage obviously does not necessarily imply pattern status Unusual legends may be of uncertain import to us today but may have been thoroughly understandable to contemporaries The Inimica tyrannis America Americana coppers are a case In point Their legends are said to have derived from a suggestion by Robert Morris of 1782 later adopted by Thomas Jefferson in 1785 The standard erected by Col Alexander Hamilton s battalion when it occupied the first parallel trench opened at the siege of Yorktown October 7 1781 was emblazoned with an arm in armor holding a drawn sword thirteen othe


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    Colonial Newsletter Online no. 3

    9/4/1995

    proclaim America free A vehicle for propaganda for a newborn nation barely escaped from tyranny Which brings up the question of the correct reading for the pattern Decads of 1785 also by Wyon to devices and legends suggested by Thomas Jefferson These are the copper pieces reading Inimica tyrannis AMERICA or AMERICANA with the Goddess Diana arrow in right hand bow in left quiver of arrows slung over her shoulder trampling on a crown beside her an alter on which is a cap of liberty equally interpretable as a helmet Reverse CONFEDERATIO and 13 stars within a glory of rays Jefferson s Propositions Respecting the Coinage of Gold Silver and Copper dated May 13 1785 while he was in


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Correspondence, 1949

    /1949

    15 Aldin Lane Island Trees Hicksville L I New York September 7 19 9 Eric P Newman 6 _50 Cecil Avenue St Louis 5 Mo Dear Mr Newman Recently I wrote to Mr Wayte Raymond Montauk N Y concerning the series of 178 Inimica tyrannis America Americana Confederatio C ent s Mr Raymond referred me to you as a collector possessing one or more varieties of the above series Some time ago I obtained a 1785 Inimica Tyrannis America Confed eratio Cent the variety with the large circle of stars reverse The acquisition of this coin brought forth a great interest in the entire Confederatio group the three main varieties


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    Illustrated history of the United States mint with a complete description of American coinage ...

    /1888

    acing right in her extended left hand the scales of justice right hand staff of liberty bearing a flag and crowned with a cap Legend IMMUNIS COLUMBIA Exergue 1786 Bor der serrated edge plain size 18 weight 160 grains Reverse A shield argent six pales gules a chief azure Legend E PLURIBUS UNUM Border serrated edge plain size 18 weight 160 grains CONFEDERATE AND Inimica tyrannis Obverse A circular central field size 6 covered with a cluster of thirteen small stars around this device a glory of fine rays presenting a corrugated outline of sixteen points Legend CONFEDERATIO 1785 Border serrated Reverse An Indian standing beside an altar or pedestal his right foot upon a crown an arrow in his right hand a bow in his left at his back a quiver full of


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    Illustrated history of the United States mint with a complete description of American coinage ...

    /1888

    by cent 40 00 20 00 1737 Axe I cut my way through Granby cent 40 00 20 00 No date axe I cut my way through Granbycent 40 00 20 00 1778 Head Indian Non dependens cent 25 00 15 00 1783 U S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 40 1783 1 00 40 1785 If S eye Nova Constellatio cent 1 00 30 1783 Liberty caged Georgius Triumpho cent 300 1 25 1787 Indian stars Inimica tyrannis cent 40 00 20 00 1785 in circle Inimica Tyrannis cent 4000 2000 Scroll triangle Kentucky cent plain edge 3 50 2 00 lettered edge Kentucky cent 350 200 1796 Britania children British settlements 2500 1500 1787 Indian eagle Massachusetts cent 1 00 40 1787 half cent 3 00 1 25 1788 cent 1 00 50 1788 half cent 3 00 1 25 1787 Sun dial links We are one Franklin cent 5


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    Inventory Waldo Newcomer American Colonial Collection

    /1940

    own Crosby VII 17 58 Proof 1787 One Cent Liberty on globe with flag Immunis Columbia Date Reverse Small Eagle E star PLURIBUS star UNUJ Strong impression Crosby PI VIII 8 cut 61 Fine INIMICfl TYRflNNIS 1785 One Cent Like other specimens but AI IERICflNfl Reverse Smaller stars Crosby VII 12 Copy not an original Uncirculated 1785 One Cent Indian Standing by altar Inimica tyrannis Americana Reverse 13 stars in circle with rays Confederatio Date below Crosby PI VII 12 Extremely rare Only two specimens known My other specimen is a reproduction Ex fine 1785 One Cent Copper Indian Standing right foot on crown Arrow in right hand bow in left Inimica Tyrannis America Reverse 13 stars in circle of rays Confederatio 1785 Rare variety Wonderful speci


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    Garrett Family Papers - U.S. colonial [ANS Garrett papers, box 7, folder 14]

    1/1/1920

    omer 1786 pointed rays large US T 106 g ca 6 known 1785 Immune Columbia Without extra star T 109 copper ef Parsons 196 Ellsworth Without extra star T 109A silver vf Finest known Frossard pvt safe 2 13 83 ex LeGras Coll Extra star T 110 copper ef Ellsworth Parsons 197 ex S A Bisphara 332 Blunt rays copper T lll vg 2 known Maris 314 1785 Conf ederatlo coppers Inimica tyrannis America T 107 vg Crosby plate Parmelee 597 Ellsworth Inimica Tyrannis Americana T 108 vf finest known Crosby plate Maris 321 Stickney 374 Gen Washington T II 5 f 6 knQwn Raymond 4 ll 24 1785 Bar Cent i T 99 silver proof Ellsworth copper proof Ellsworth 1794 Copper Co of Upper Canada halfpenny proof Mills 494 1820 North West Co token f holed Raymond Nov 1925


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    Garrett Family Papers - U.S. colonial [ANS Garrett papers, box 7, folder 14]

    1/1/1920

    ewcomer 1786 pointed rays large US T 106 g ca 6 known 1785 Immune Columbia Without extra star T 109 copper ef Parsons 196 Ellsworth Without extra star T 109A silver vf Finest known Frossard pvt sale 2 13 83 ex LeGras Coll Extra star T 110 copper ef Ellsworth Parsons 197 ex S A Bispham 332 Blunt rays copper T lll vg 2 known Maris 314 1785 Confederatlo coppers Inimica tyrannis America T 107 vg Crosby plate Parmelee 597 Ellsworth Inimica Tyrannis Americana T 108 vf finest known Crosby plate Maris 321 Stickney 374 Gen Washington T 115 f 6 knQwn Raymond 4 ll 24 1785 Bar Cent T 99 silver proof Ellsworth copper proof Ellsworth 1794 Copper Co of Upper Canada halfpenny proof Mills 494 1820 North West Co token f holed Raymond Nov 1925


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