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    Harper's Weekly

    7/1/1898 Numismatics; Periodicals

    hat has been accomplished in the last dozen years for the betterment of the horse and diffusion of knowledge concerning him there is no limiting what may be achieved in similar directions during the coming HOR8E LOVER8 dozen After feasting on the equine display at the Gar den last week it is hard to realize that the magnificent quality of the horses and the perfect appointment of the harness classes generally have been acquired during even the last eight years The average best of 90 would in all probability get nothing better than the gate in 98 I dis tinctly remember the incongruities of livery the confu sion over the equipment respectively of Park and Rond fours the agitation incident to turning out a tandem the indistinction concerning classes and the vague ideas re garding for


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    Harper's Weekly

    7/1/1897 Numismatics; Periodicals

    1182 HARPER S WEEKLY Vuu XLI Nu 2136 made to fit tlie types by all means have Colonel Kip s Emoleta and Mambrino Belle represent the American trot ting roadster Von Harbiuger and Coxey the American higli stepper Other classes that filled well and showed excellent qual ity were the trotters As usual Village Farm was well to the fore in these classes and carried off many first prizes Their black stallion Dare Devil 2 09f is a star of the first magnitude not only winning the blue ribbon in ev ery class where shown but also showing some remark able youngsters among his offspring Their American Belle won also


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    Merchant's Magazine, 1870 (vol. 63)

    7/1/1870 Economics

    e any basis on which to construct detailed statistics as to the country in general it is possible to carry tbe investigation further in some directions If we apply the prin ciples of investigation adopted in Mr Dudley Baxter s work on the 4 National Income of the United Kingdom to this subject some further insight may be obtained as to the distribution of the population among the various classes of dwellings Mr D Baxter divides the population into what he terms the upper and middle and manual labor classes In the upper and middle classes he includes all persons with incomes from about 75 a year and upwards In the manual labor classes are all working people and others with incomes from about 73 and downwards The total population of England and Wales in 1861 was in round figure


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    Harper's Weekly

    /1883 Numismatics; Periodicals

    122 WHAT SOCIAL classes OWE TO EACH OTHER By professor W O SUMNER I ON A NEW PHILOSOPHY THAT POVERTY IS THE BEST POLICY It is comtnoni y ussei ted that there are iii the United States no classes and any allusion to class es is resented On the other hand we constantly read and hear discussions of social topics in which the existence of social classes is assumed as a sim ple fact The poor the weak


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    Harper's Weekly

    7/1/1897 Numismatics; Periodicals

    nagers of the New York show must copy if they would not fall behind the others and would maintain their right to be known as a national association To do this they should increase the number of their class es so covering ground recognized as of interest by others It is a source of satisfaction in looking over the prize list before the show to see that they have followed Bos ton in making classes for polo ponies The polo and riding pony classes arc recognized by all the great British shows thanks to the establishment of the Polo Pony Stud Book whose sponsors count among their number nearly all the most prominent names socially and of world wide reputa tion for horse knowledge in the tight little island The judging of these intelligent and highly bred little horses in the ring will


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1996 Numismatics Periodicals

    36 THE EDNAM ROXBURGHSHIRE HOARD Aberdeen hoards were considered to have been deposited in the mid 1340s and the other hoards were chosen for comparative purposes on the basis of this and belong to the 1330s or later but it is unlikely that the introduction of pennies of classes 15c and 15d substantially altered the overall pattern of coinage in circulation The most obvious difference between Ednam and all the hoards considered by Mayhew lies in the proportion of Scottish coins At Ednam there were 149 forming 10 13 of the total whereas the percentage in the other hoards varied between 0 24 and 4 72 with only the latter figure at Montrave exceeding 2 80 With the


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1996 Numismatics Periodicals

    36 THE EDNAM ROXBURGHSHIRE HOARD Aberdeen hoards were considered to have been deposited in the mid 1340s and the other hoards were chosen for comparative purposes on the basis of this and belong to the 1330s or later but it is unlikely that the introduction of pennies of classes 15c and 15d substantially altered the overall pattern of coinage in circulation The most obvious difference between Ednam and all the hoards considered by Mayhew lies in the proportion of Scottish coins At Ednam there were 149 forming 10 13 of the total whereas the percentage in the other hoards varied between 0 24 and 4 72 with only the latter figure at Montrave exceeding 2 80 With the


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1995 Numismatics Periodicals

    222 SHORT ARTICLES AND NOTES mentioned coin of RICARD no 7 And thus the coin of RICARD would appear once again to be classifiable as a IVc Val mule meaning that two coins of London the WILLEM and the RICARD were probably produced from dies designed for use in what we now understand to be sequential sub classes The case for muling can be strengthened by citing the die linked coins of ROBERD and C OLDWINE first identified by Allen Taking the ROBERD first no 3 it is a mule of Class IVc Val because like the RICARD it has a straight barred A it is also of course die linked with no 4 which is of Class Val proper But what about the coin of COLDWINE no 1 whose reverse lacking any mint signat


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1996 Numismatics Periodicals

    36 THE EDNAM ROXBURGHSHIRE HOARD Aberdeen hoards were considered to have been deposited in the mid 1340s and the other hoards were chosen for comparative purposes on the basis of this and belong to the 1330s or later but it is unlikely that the introduction of pennies of classes 15c and 15d substantially altered the overall pattern of coinage in circulation The most obvious difference between Ednam and all the hoards considered by Mayhew lies in the proportion of Scottish coins At Ednam there were 149 forming 10 13 of the total whereas the percentage in the other hoards varied between 0 24 and 4 72 with only the latter figure at Montrave exceeding 2 80 With the


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    Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances (1873)

    1/1/1873

    SIXTH AUDITOR 279 Statement of the number of the genet al accounts of present postmastei s c Continued States and Territories Draft ofBces Deposit offices Collection offiees Special offices Number in each State and Territory Number in each section Increase in each State and Territory Increase in each section Number of accounts of first second and third classes in each section Number of accounts of fourth and fifth classes in each section Fii st second and third classes Fourth aud fifth classes First second and third classes Fourth and fifth classes First second and third classes Fourth and fifth classes Fourth and fifth classes 2 1 75 17 9 758 79 15 93 4 511 45 Kentucky 3 107 19 825 53 1 007 2 276 17 141 61 2 225 16 275 40


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1995 Numismatics Periodicals

    222 SHORT ARTICLES AND NOTES mentioned coin of RICARD no 7 And thus the coin of RICARD would appear once again to be classifiable as a IVc Val mule meaning that two coins of London the WILLEM and the RICARD were probably produced from dies designed for use in what we now understand to be sequential sub classes The case for muling can be strengthened by citing the die linked coins of ROBERD and C OLDWINE first identified by Allen Taking the ROBERD first no 3 it is a mule of Class IVc Val because like the RICARD it has a straight barred A it is also of course die linked with no 4 which is of Class Val proper But what about the coin of COLDWINE no 1 whose reverse lacking any mint signat


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1996 Numismatics Periodicals

    36 THE EDNAM ROXBURGHSHIRE HOARD Aberdeen hoards were considered to have been deposited in the mid 1340s and the other hoards were chosen for comparative purposes on the basis of this and belong to the 1330s or later but it is unlikely that the introduction of pennies of classes 15c and 15d substantially altered the overall pattern of coinage in circulation The most obvious difference between Ednam and all the hoards considered by Mayhew lies in the proportion of Scottish coins At Ednam there were 149 forming 10 13 of the total whereas the percentage in the other hoards varied between 0 24 and 4 72 with only the latter figure at Montrave exceeding 2 80 With the


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /2000 Numismatics Periodicals

    40 THE VOLUME AND COMPOSITION OF THE ENGLISH SILVER CURRENCY 1279 1351 TABLE 2 Estimates of English pence in circulation 1 282 135 1 Output period 1279 82 Estimate of penny output a 842 353 Hoard pence b Total hoard pence c Estimate of pence in circulation a X c b 1282 842 353 1282 90 4 1 1 048 Class 4 2 866 classes 1 4 7 854 1290 1 126 438 1290 9 53 707 Classes 5 8 487 Classes 1 8 8 032 1299 885 780 1299 1310 1 079 469 Classes 9 and 10 8 878 Classes 1 10 13 511 1310 1 642 792 1310 19 355 231 Classes 11 14 1 552 Classes 1 14 9 306 1319 2 130 013 1319 31 78 415 Class 15 174 Classes 1 15 3 994 1331 1 799 940 1344 51 94 054 Florin coinage 133 Class 1 Florin coinage 1 068 1351 7


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    Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances (1873)

    1/1/1873

    SIXTH AUDITOR 279 Statement of the number of the genet al accounts of present postmastei s c Continued States and Territories Draft ofBces Deposit offices Collection offiees Special offices Number in each State and Territory Number in each section Increase in each State and Territory Increase in each section Number of accounts of first second and third classes in each section Number of accounts of fourth and fifth classes in each section Fii st second and third classes Fourth aud fifth classes First second and third classes Fourth and fifth classes First second and third classes Fourth and fifth classes Fourth and fifth classes 2 1 75 17 9 758 79 15 93 4 511 45 Kentucky 3 107 19 825 53 1 007 2 276 17 141 61 2 225 16 275 40


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    Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances (1940)

    1/1/1940

    nd 1936 40 by years daily state ment unrevised 640 Interest paid on 1938 40 warrants issued 772 Issued redeemed and outstanding 1936 40 by years 64 1939 and 1940 48 Receipts 1940 by months and 1936 40 by years daily statement unrevised 638 Regulations governing amendment Sept 5 1939 442 Annual absorption of increase in direct and guaranteed debt out standing 1933 40 by years and classes of Banks chart 10 100 Holders chart 8 94 Certificates of indebtedness Displaced by Treasury bills 58 Loan and tax series 760 Outstanding June and December 1932 34 60 Special issues 48 728 735 Composition of computed interest charge and interest rates June 1932 40 by months chart 6 67 Composition of interest bearing debt by classes and by months 1932 40 amounts and percentages chart


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    Harper's Weekly

    7/1/1897 Numismatics; Periodicals

    NS The present and the preceding season have produced some new developments which indicate a radical change in yachting for the immediate future It is not only more than ever apparent that for an indefinite time at least there will be no more building or racing of such SEAWANHAKA CORINTHIAN YACHT CLUB HOUSE large and costly yachts as Defender or even of similar ex treme craft in the medium classes but it is uow possible to predict what will fill the void at present existing The yachts of to day the ones whicli have kept the sport alive through tlie seasons of 96 and 97 are of two kinds those in which design and construction are entirely unhampered and those built under special restrictions of the most strin gent description All of these craft belong in the smaller classes of not


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    Harper's Weekly

    7/1/1898 Numismatics; Periodicals

    Vol XL1I No 21S8 1166 Anoilier ic r closes is nomms joiiig the sport ot u e J UU F contest of the night B to the satisfaction of mg i9 distributed over k an i a t the seme h M i r i lSe 0 S e and assures a smooth have HABPEB S weekly made a superb competition and a difficult one or The saddle classes altliou i ri oy Oj g mve s r the judges sidemWe advance on the la Yatmrable poM actuai horse _ Ajarger around Pltdadelphia horse a iais CI pi 1 i d e lphia atm SrssnSffi was imported several jeais as rnense glnial The elasses e and lids year is no satisfactory conformation and y m lt er of manners exception in that respect New York classes 1 w


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1995 Numismatics Periodicals

    222 SHORT ARTICLES AND NOTES mentioned coin of RICARD no 7 And thus the coin of RICARD would appear once again to be classifiable as a IVc Val mule meaning that two coins of London the WILLEM and the RICARD were probably produced from dies designed for use in what we now understand to be sequential sub classes The case for muling can be strengthened by citing the die linked coins of ROBERD and C OLDWINE first identified by Allen Taking the ROBERD first no 3 it is a mule of Class IVc Val because like the RICARD it has a straight barred A it is also of course die linked with no 4 which is of Class Val proper But what about the coin of COLDWINE no 1 whose reverse lacking any mint signat


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1996 Numismatics Periodicals

    36 THE EDNAM ROXBURGHSHIRE HOARD Aberdeen hoards were considered to have been deposited in the mid 1340s and the other hoards were chosen for comparative purposes on the basis of this and belong to the 1330s or later but it is unlikely that the introduction of pennies of classes 15c and 15d substantially altered the overall pattern of coinage in circulation The most obvious difference between Ednam and all the hoards considered by Mayhew lies in the proportion of Scottish coins At Ednam there were 149 forming 10 13 of the total whereas the percentage in the other hoards varied between 0 24 and 4 72 with only the latter figure at Montrave exceeding 2 80 With the


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /2000 Numismatics Periodicals

    40 THE VOLUME AND COMPOSITION OF THE ENGLISH SILVER CURRENCY 1279 1351 TABLE 2 Estimates of English pence in circulation 1 282 135 1 Output period 1279 82 Estimate of penny output a 842 353 Hoard pence b Total hoard pence c Estimate of pence in circulation a X c b 1282 842 353 1282 90 4 1 1 048 Class 4 2 866 classes 1 4 7 854 1290 1 126 438 1290 9 53 707 Classes 5 8 487 Classes 1 8 8 032 1299 885 780 1299 1310 1 079 469 Classes 9 and 10 8 878 Classes 1 10 13 511 1310 1 642 792 1310 19 355 231 Classes 11 14 1 552 Classes 1 14 9 306 1319 2 130 013 1319 31 78 415 Class 15 174 Classes 1 15 3 994 1331 1 799 940 1344 51 94 054 Florin coinage 133 Class 1 Florin coinage 1 068 1351 7


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1998 Numismatics Periodicals

    46 CROSS AND CROSSLETS TYPE OF HENRY H The tight unity of style lost in Class C is restored with D The design becomes coarser and Class E has a different form of mantle whilst Class F is identified by a long ringlet of hair in place of the usual single curl In terms of the classification of these three classes PI 6 26 8 no revision can currently be made The Status of the Classes D F Allen was heavily influenced by the then current theory that frequent periodic recoinages had been occurring about every three years since Anglo Saxon times up until c 1170 The reign of King Stephen was included in the theory Brooke listed seven types for the eighteen year reign which works out at about two and a


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    The Bankers Magazine [vol. 37]

    /1883

    1883 THE NATIONAL INCOME OF PRUSSIA 521 incomes of between 5000 and 25 000 and of those with very large incomes of over 25 000 obtained 5 08 r cent of the total income in 1876 and 5 13 per cent in 1881 In 1872 the same two classes obtained only 4 41 per cent of the National income The persons belonging to these two classes form only about one tenth of one per cent of the population and obtain a growing share of the National income The same result is reached if we take the three highest classes including the two just mentioned and also those having medium incomes of between 1 500 and 5000 These three classes ob


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    Numismatics International Bulletin, Vol. 21, No.1

    1/1/1987

    Medals issued by the People s Republic of Poland include Warsaw Medal Odra Nysa and Baltic Medal Victory and Freedom Medal Medal of the Worthy on the Field of Battle Lenino Medal of the Worthy on the Field of Battle 1944 Medal for Your Freedom and Ours Medal for Sacrifice and Bravery 25 and 50 Year Marriage Medals and the various service medals for 5 10 15 and 25 Years of Service classes Orders are usually divided into classes from first class to fifth The Order of the White Eagle has but one class Virtuti Mi 1 i tari has five classes The Order of Polonia Restituta also has five Within the order array of the People s Republic of Poland we find The Order of the Builders of the People s Republic of Poland has one class The Order of Virtuti Mi li tari has five classes as has


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    Harper's Weekly

    /1868 Numismatics; Periodicals

    reat joy restored to a sound body None of the pains and injuries resulting from the use of other Trusses are found in Dr Sherman s Ap E liances and with a full knowledge of the assertion e promises greater security and comfort with a daily improvement in the disease than can be obtained of any other person or the inventions of any other per son in the United States Prices to suit all classes It Is the only as well as the cheapest remedy ever offered the afflicted Pho tographic likenesses of cases before and after treat ment fnruiKhed on receipt of two 3 cent stamps ttATIVE 1 St N Y J MANHATTAN CO OPERATIVE RELIEF ASSOCIATION Office Manhattan Co operative Relief Association No 658 Broadway Cor Bond St TOE MANHATTAN CO OPERATIVE RELIEF ASSOCIATION is chartered by the S


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    Harper's Weekly

    7/1/1897 Numismatics; Periodicals

    two days and two nights without reaching any conclusion The Chicagoan contended that a basket was a necessity alleging that even in New York fine weather did not always prevail but the New Yorker firmly held to his tenets claim ing that no gentleman would ask Indies to drive upon a park drag if the weather condi tions were threatening The exhibits numbering 1300 in all di vided into 267 classes have never been sur passed as a whole in this country and only by judging several classes at the same time was each day s programme completed While the breeders and owners of trotters the typ ical American horse were not represented as largely as one would have expected the show was a triumph for the trotter from first to last Not that the trotting classes were so remarkable or that t


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1998 Numismatics Periodicals

    46 CROSS AND CROSSLETS TYPE OF HENRY H The tight unity of style lost in Class C is restored with D The design becomes coarser and Class E has a different form of mantle whilst Class F is identified by a long ringlet of hair in place of the usual single curl In terms of the classification of these three classes PI 6 26 8 no revision can currently be made The Status of the Classes D F Allen was heavily influenced by the then current theory that frequent periodic recoinages had been occurring about every three years since Anglo Saxon times up until c 1170 The reign of King Stephen was included in the theory Brooke listed seven types for the eighteen year reign which works out at about two and a


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    Harper's Monthly Magazine

    /1906 Numismatics Periodicals

    EXERCISE AND ITS DANGERS 603 furious muscular strain the fact that the farmer sees his income put in peril every season and his very home every bad year so that each unfavorable change in the weather sets his nerves on edge it can be readily imagined that the real quiet peaceful country life is something sad ly different from the ideal The same conditions prevail among the working classes in our great cities except where the eight hour law has been put in force It has long been known that the laboring classes have a low average longevity and a high disease and death rate and they are subject to an enormous number of diseases from which according to popular impression their active natural life 99 ought to have pro tected them The percentage of cases of Bright s disease o


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    Harper's Weekly

    1/1/1904 Numismatics; Periodicals

    tized by Gougle in replacing the old class legislation by ft new class legislation It is certain he holds that given the average human nature now existing those who have power will pursue indirectly if not di rectly obscurely if not clearly their own interests or rather their apparent interests Mr Spencer unlike Mr Mudstone could never see any reason for assuming that the lower classes arc in trinsically better than the higher classes lienee it seemed to him self evident that if while the higher elasses were predominant they made laws which in one way or another favored themselves it fol lowed that now when the lower classes are predominant in the British electorate they also will give legislation a bias to their own advantage Manifest us it always was it seemed to Mr


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1989 Numismatics Periodicals

    pear to be class 7 6 transitional One has the portrait of 7vii combined with the hair initial mark and lettering of class 6a 3 specimens seen and the other has the crown portrait hair and some letter fonts of class 7 coupled with the initial mark of class 6 Neither die has the rose on the breast 5 specimens seen Mules Within class 7 several mules have been noted between the various sub classes from the London mint as well as mules with other classes It is difficult to distinguish mules and counter mules between classes 7i and 7iii and 7iv as there is little difference between the three sub classes Mules if they occur would only be distinguished by the amount of damage sustained by the upright punch As has been stated no mules occur with obverses of sub classes 7i 7ii and 7iii


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1989 Numismatics Periodicals

    pear to be class 7 6 transitional One has the portrait of 7vii combined with the hair initial mark and lettering of class 6a 3 specimens seen and the other has the crown portrait hair and some letter fonts of class 7 coupled with the initial mark of class 6 Neither die has the rose on the breast 5 specimens seen Mules Within class 7 several mules have been noted between the various sub classes from the London mint as well as mules with other classes It is difficult to distinguish mules and counter mules between classes 7i and 7iii and 7iv as there is little difference between the three sub classes Mules if they occur would only be distinguished by the amount of damage sustained by the upright punch As has been stated no mules occur with obverses of sub classes 7i 7ii and 7iii


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1989 Numismatics Periodicals

    pear to be class 7 6 transitional One has the portrait of 7vii combined with the hair initial mark and lettering of class 6a 3 specimens seen and the other has the crown portrait hair and some letter fonts of class 7 coupled with the initial mark of class 6 Neither die has the rose on the breast 5 specimens seen Mules Within class 7 several mules have been noted between the various sub classes from the London mint as well as mules with other classes It is difficult to distinguish mules and counter mules between classes 7i and 7iii and 7iv as there is little difference between the three sub classes Mules if they occur would only be distinguished by the amount of damage sustained by the upright punch As has been stated no mules occur with obverses of sub classes 7i 7ii and 7iii


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    Harper's Weekly

    1/1/1904 Numismatics; Periodicals

    tized by Gougle in replacing the old class legislation by ft new class legislation It is certain he holds that given the average human nature now existing those who have power will pursue indirectly if not di rectly obscurely if not clearly their own interests or rather their apparent interests Mr Spencer unlike Mr Mudstone could never see any reason for assuming that the lower classes arc in trinsically better than the higher classes lienee it seemed to him self evident that if while the higher elasses were predominant they made laws which in one way or another favored themselves it fol lowed that now when the lower classes are predominant in the British electorate they also will give legislation a bias to their own advantage Manifest us it always was it seemed to Mr


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1989 Numismatics Periodicals

    pear to be class 7 6 transitional One has the portrait of 7vii combined with the hair initial mark and lettering of class 6a 3 specimens seen and the other has the crown portrait hair and some letter fonts of class 7 coupled with the initial mark of class 6 Neither die has the rose on the breast 5 specimens seen Mules Within class 7 several mules have been noted between the various sub classes from the London mint as well as mules with other classes It is difficult to distinguish mules and counter mules between classes 7i and 7iii and 7iv as there is little difference between the three sub classes Mules if they occur would only be distinguished by the amount of damage sustained by the upright punch As has been stated no mules occur with obverses of sub classes 7i 7ii and 7iii


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1998 Numismatics Periodicals

    48 CROSS AND CROSSLETS TYPE OF HENRY II TABLE 5 The percentage of muling between a class and other previous classes source BMC and F Elmore Jones Plates latest class muled with previous classes Number of mules Mules Coins of latest Class Percentage B A 5 5 91 5 C A B 25 25 295 8 D A B C 4 4 148 3 E A B C D 10 10 83 12 E A B C 6 6 83 7 The lower proportion of mules between Class D and classes prior to it 3 suggests that it represents a administrative reform through a withdrawal of previous dies as


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    ANS Museum Notes, vols. 15-17

    /1969

    CONSTANS II OR HERACLONAS 147 In regnal years 1 3 classes A and B the date appeared in the exergue on the reverse In year 3 Classes C and D it was beside the mark of value on the reverse 18 In years 4 16 Classes E G the date was restored to the exergue on the reverse In years 15 17 Classes H and I the date was in its conventional place to right of the mark of value with ANNO vertical to the left for which space was provided by omitting the


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    ANS Museum Notes, vols. 15-17

    /1969

    CONSTANS II OR HERACLONAS 149 on the reverse It was also indicated by the initial K above the mark of value on a few coins of classes A and E and of most coins of Classes H and I and in the right obverse field of Class L Names of the emperors had appeared on the obverse of Byzantine folles until the year 616 when Heraclius introduced a type without inscription In 624 he added the monogram K and in 629 used that same monogram for himself but added K for his son Heraclius Con stantine When the figure of Heraclonas was incl


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    The Bankers Magazine [vol. 2]

    /1848

    n the main tenance of order and security than that of any other class whatsoever In this country where so much of the employment arises out of credits given to customers in distant markets and which in their turn depend upon the ability of the manufacturer and merchant to obtain the usual accommoda tion and facilities which are always interfered with by any cause of discredit the laboring classes are the first to suffer from any suspension of usual activity in business Every steam engine stopped every furnace blown out every mine shut up cutoff at once and without any previous notice the entire of the daily food of large numbers of persons The suspension of commerce and credit not only deprives them of their immediate means through wages but in the long run renders scarcer and


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    Harper's Weekly

    7/1/1902 Numismatics; Periodicals

    s and Shutters in use in all parts of the world They are said to be the best made anywhere To show the progress in photography our improvements in Lenses and Shutters have made possible we have placed 3 000 00 in the hands of competent judges to be awarded for photographs made with Bausch Lomb Lenses or Shutters It costs nothing to enter the competition and the photo graphs are arranged in classes so that everyone can compete in his own speciality Special awards for Kodaks Premo Poco and other hand cameras fitted with our Lenses and Shutters and for professional photographers Open until January I903j to photographers in all countries Special booklet of classes awards and conditions post free BAUSCH a LOMB OPTICAL CO Rochester N Y NEW YORK CHICAGO LONDON 31 Alde


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    Harper's Weekly

    1/1/1904 Numismatics; Periodicals

    tized by Gougle in replacing the old class legislation by ft new class legislation It is certain he holds that given the average human nature now existing those who have power will pursue indirectly if not di rectly obscurely if not clearly their own interests or rather their apparent interests Mr Spencer unlike Mr Mudstone could never see any reason for assuming that the lower classes arc in trinsically better than the higher classes lienee it seemed to him self evident that if while the higher elasses were predominant they made laws which in one way or another favored themselves it fol lowed that now when the lower classes are predominant in the British electorate they also will give legislation a bias to their own advantage Manifest us it always was it seemed to Mr


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1989 Numismatics Periodicals

    pear to be class 7 6 transitional One has the portrait of 7vii combined with the hair initial mark and lettering of class 6a 3 specimens seen and the other has the crown portrait hair and some letter fonts of class 7 coupled with the initial mark of class 6 Neither die has the rose on the breast 5 specimens seen Mules Within class 7 several mules have been noted between the various sub classes from the London mint as well as mules with other classes It is difficult to distinguish mules and counter mules between classes 7i and 7iii and 7iv as there is little difference between the three sub classes Mules if they occur would only be distinguished by the amount of damage sustained by the upright punch As has been stated no mules occur with obverses of sub classes 7i 7ii and 7iii


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1998 Numismatics Periodicals

    48 CROSS AND CROSSLETS TYPE OF HENRY II TABLE 5 The percentage of muling between a class and other previous classes source BMC and F Elmore Jones Plates latest class muled with previous classes Number of mules Mules Coins of latest Class Percentage B A 5 5 91 5 C A B 25 25 295 8 D A B C 4 4 148 3 E A B C D 10 10 83 12 E A B C 6 6 83 7 The lower proportion of mules between Class D and classes prior to it 3 suggests that it represents a administrative reform through a withdrawal of previous dies as


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /2005 Numismatics Periodicals

    THE QUANTITY OF MONEY 45 TABLE 1 Estimates of reverse dies classes Mint Recorded dies Estimated dies Estimate for all mints Ial Ibl Carlisle 9 16 Lincoln 39 63 Winchester 88 107 Total 136 186 801 Ib2 II Carlisle 19 55 Lincoln 42 68 Winchester 122 149 Total 183 272 1 773 The estimates of 801 equivalent reverse dies in classes Ial Ibl and 1 773 dies in classes Ib2 II indicate estimated mint outputs of about 33 000 67 000 in 1180 2 and 74 000 148 000 in 1 1 8


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1966 Numismatics Periodicals

    se could be acceptable as genuine of Fox group VIb or early VIII PI XVIII No 7 The metal of this coin looks base and it must be considered as a contemporary imitation at least until further evidence turns up Scottish In The Scottish Coinage a connotation by letters was adopted for the classification of Alexandrian sterlings with the aim of simplifying reference to the different groups and classes of Burns s arrangement Of his group I classes T II and III were designated S classes B A and C respectively Burns presumably based his order on the similarities between A and C the occasional stops in the obverse inscriptions of C the small neat head the lettering and the forms Alexsander and G ra which Burns p 167 considered intermediate between A anti C he does not illustrate the


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /2005 Numismatics Periodicals

    THE QUANTITY OF MONEY 45 TABLE 1 Estimates of reverse dies classes Mint Recorded dies Estimated dies Estimate for all mints Ial Ibl Carlisle 9 16 Lincoln 39 63 Winchester 88 107 Total 136 186 801 Ib2 II Carlisle 19 55 Lincoln 42 68 Winchester 122 149 Total 183 272 1 773 The estimates of 801 equivalent reverse dies in classes Ial Ibl and 1 773 dies in classes Ib2 II indicate estimated mint outputs of about 33 000 67 000 in 1180 2 and 74 000 148 000 in 1 1 8


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    Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances (1873)

    1/1/1873

    of present postmasters the increase in the number and the classification of the offices for the fiscal year ended June 30 1873 States and Teiritories Draft offices Deposit bffices Collection offices Special offices Number in each State and Territory Number iu each section Increase in each State and Territory Increase in each section Number of accounts of first second and third classes in each section Number of accounts of fourth and fifth classes iu each section First second and third classes Fourth and fifth classes First second and third classes d d TO J3 5 o s o First second and third classes Fourth aud fifth classes Fourth and fifth classes 5 3 8 120 11 37 864 7 8 52 8 12 10 4 2 76 7 365 16 480 7 Massachusetts 1 2 1 39 119 41 504 20 736


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    The Nor'wester

    4/1/2009

    Page 12 2nd Quarter 2009 American Numismatic Association News Summer Seminar 2009 Features More Choices New classes and Instructors The 41st annual Summer Seminar in Colorado Springs will offer students a menu of two day and five day classes introduce a number of new courses that reflect current trends in the hobby and feature several new in structors who are recognized as leaders in the hobby For the first time in Summer Seminar history students can choose to take two two day classes or one five day cl


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1966 Numismatics Periodicals

    se could be acceptable as genuine of Fox group VIb or early VIII PI XVIII No 7 The metal of this coin looks base and it must be considered as a contemporary imitation at least until further evidence turns up Scottish In The Scottish Coinage a connotation by letters was adopted for the classification of Alexandrian sterlings with the aim of simplifying reference to the different groups and classes of Burns s arrangement Of his group I classes T II and III were designated S classes B A and C respectively Burns presumably based his order on the similarities between A and C the occasional stops in the obverse inscriptions of C the small neat head the lettering and the forms Alexsander and G ra which Burns p 167 considered intermediate between A anti C he does not illustrate the


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1990 Numismatics Periodicals

    It will be apparent from the foregoing discussion that the Burns nomenclature of groups and classes both designated by Roman numerals is cumbersome For this reason a simplified notation was adopted in The Scottish Coinage whereby the three classes of Burns group I were labelled B A and C and the three classes of group II D E and F plus G The reasons for the reversal of the order of the first two classes are discussed further below The division of group II class III into classes F and


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1990 Numismatics Periodicals

    40 SINGLE CROSS STERLINGS OF ALEXANDER III The material available from Middridge in unusually fine condition has given us the opportunity of re examining the whole series from first principles in order to try to establish the sequence of classes and their relationship from the use of the punches for elements of the portrait the crown hair face and neck in addition to the more obvious division by epigraphy The basic definition of classes however remains determined according to lettering this having the advantage of enabling mules between classes to be readily identified In summary our conclusions are that the coinage began with


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    The British Numismatic Journal and Proceedings of the British Numismatic Society

    /1990 Numismatics Periodicals

    SINGLE CROSS STERLINGS OF ALEXANDER III 43 classes of his group II Without a die study of the coinage it is not possible to assess with any precision the ratio of obverses to reverses in the various classes and mints However an analysis of the proportions in various hoards yields some surprising results In the mint of 26 points 18 per cent of the total coins have class D obverses while 50 per cent have reverses of that class 31 per cent ha


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