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    The C4 Newsletter: Spring 2015

    3/1/2015

    C4 Newsletter WHATEVER HAPPENED TO REUBEN harmon JR AND HIS FAMILY Christopher R McDowell Much of what numismatists know of the life of Reuben Harmon Jr the father of the Vermont coinage comes from two letters published in Sylvester Crosby s 1875 book The Early Coins of America The first letter is from B H Hall of Troy New York and the second is from Julian Harmon of Warren Ohio These letters however provide little detail


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    Penny-Wise, Vol. 18, No. 4(103)

    7/15/1984

    be unable to indemnify himself for said expences Your Petitioner therefore prays this Honorable assembly to grant him the privilege of coining copper for a farther term of ten years In acting upon harmon s petition the Legislature extended his term for an additional eight years and furthermore granted him an exemption from any duty whatsoever to the state of Vermont for three years starting July 1 1787 All Harmon had to do was to make the coins It is generally accepted that the dies for the landscape type obverses were made in New York City by William Coley He produced eleven dies 6 obver


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    The Numismatist, February 1987

    2/1/1987 ANA Numismatist

    rmont landscape coinage were made in New York City by William Coley who produced 11 dies during the 16 months the coins circulated with the approved design Unfortunately none of Coley s dies seem to have lasted for a long run which is not surprising the poor quali ty of the local copper that was used had disastrous effects on the dies as evidenced by surviving coins Thus it seems that if harmon wanted to recoup his losses he would have had to find a way of securing dies at a faster pace At the same time Harmon also might have feared losing Coley as a source of dies Walter Breen states Coley disap pointed in the receipts joined Daniel Van Voorhis later of Machin s Mill to peti tion the New York Assembly for a coin ing franchise Although the petition was filed on February


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    The Numismatist, April 2010

    4/1/2010

    055_064_text_Layout 1 3 12 10 11 40 AM Page 62 EARLY AMERICAN MONEY continued copper series published his Copper Coins of Vermont through the Colo nial Coin Collectors Club in 1998 Ac cording to that reference harmon was born in Suffield Connecticut in 1750 and died in Warren Ohio on October 29 1806 Nothing in the historical record points to any particular skills he had that would enable him to become a minter Rather the historical record offers little about Harmon his accom plishments or his inspiration for approaching the Vermont legislature Harmon not only won over the Ver mont state house wit


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    HISTORICAL MARKERS AND NUMISMATIC HISTORY

    05/15/2011

    uts went out in search of numismatic history Our goals were to examine the Connecticut coppers in the collection of the Connecticut State Library for a day and then drive over the Green Mountains to view the Vermont coppers in the collection of the Bennington Museum If we had the time 150 and you just knew we 146 d make time we were going to try to track down the probable site of Reuben harmon 146 s mint the one responsible for many of the Vermont coppers Gene Kosche the gracious retired curator of history at the Bennington Museum arranged for us to view the collection and take notes and then casually dropped a bombshell on use Have you folks been over to see the mint building Three dumbfounded stares answered his question and a few minutes later one of us recovered our sens


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    Penny-Wise, Vol. 18, No. 4(103)

    7/15/1984

    The sequence of events could have unfolded in the following manner The local copper was wrecking the dies produced by Coley If harmon were to make his operation profitable he needed more dies and faster Having learned of Buell s new technique Harmon felt that this was the answer to his problem When he petitioned the Vermont legislature for an extension contacts were made within the legislature to approve the design change which was necessary in order to use Buell s dies Such approval came on October 26 1786 Harmon imme


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    The Numismatist, December 1986

    12/1/1986 ANA Numismatist

    author states that little if any manufacturing of hardware actually occurred there At the time the term hardware often applied to coins as well as hinges nuts bolts etc For example on importation manifests for tokens and coins imported from Europe the word hardware often was used The author also mentions that Machin and company accepted four more part ners one of whom was Reuben harmon A close reading of the agreement as printed in Sylvester S Crosby s reference The Early Coins of America shows that the term accepted is not appropriate Rather Machin and his associates actual ly paid a premium to become part of the Reuben Harmon contract If anyone was accepted it was the Machin group that was accepted by Harmon Also inaccurate is the assertion that Machin beg


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    Harper's Weekly

    1/1/1913 Numismatics; Periodicals

    d his antithesis Who is he Wilson is the real antithesis l ecau8c he is lithe and sinewy in figure eloquent of speech a radical Tilden Democrat hails from the East and South and is imaginative profound and uncompromising It may be agreed that the Wilson eulogist lias here described a type fairly opposed to Taft but he lias failed to mention the one potent and final reason why Governor harmon will not be the Democratic nominee and Wilson is likely to l e It is that Colonel Bryan has in the Commoner ilistinctly voided his hostility to Harmon and he is prolmbly friendly to Wilson Logic circumstances conditions and history may have much to say about the naming of the next Demo cratic Presidential candidate but Bryan will have mqre to say ENTITLED TO A GUESS From the New Have


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    The Numismatic Scrapbook Magazine

    1/1/1942 Numismatics; Periodicals

    d a mint under the direction of the Colony on Oct 17 1787 Connecticut Vermont New York and New Jersey also had mints established between 1785 and 1787 but these were operated not by the States but by private individuals As mentioned previously Novem ber 1941 issue Connecticut s pri vate mint was operated by Abel Buell assisted later by his son William and others In June 1785 Reuben harmon Jr of Rupert Vermont petitioned the Assembly of Vermont to secure per mission to coin copper money A bill was later presented and became a law on June 15 1785 permitting Reuben Harmon to coin copper for two years beginning July 1 1785 such coppers to be in pieces of one third ounce troy weight with such devices and mottoes as shall be agreed upon There is little known in regard to


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    Harper's Weekly

    7/1/1910 Numismatics; Periodicals

    present Repuldiesn tend ency to gather all power into the hand of the Rxrcli live and to exercise this aiwer through appointed rornmissioiLs which hid fair to Winnie the foundation if u liurvwurrat y in no way directly responsible to tbc people and eleven without tlie direct a sent o the people Of this grnuinelv Democratic prinriplc w e should Iwar more ill the da to rsinie Governor harmon is in the euriou y anomalous position of U ing a Dcmia mllr Governor with a Re publican Legislature ju t a hi genial neighbor Governor Willson across the Ohio Fiver is a Repub lican Governor willi a Democratic Legislature Oov emnr Harmon Holds thi position as the result nf a vigorous campaign against the official grqfl which had lieett going on for veara at Columhu under lte pi


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    Harper's Weekly

    1/1/1913 Numismatics; Periodicals

    nt Will it tend to strengthen or weaken his Presidential candidacy He has been mentioned as satisfactory to the conservative not to say reactionary element of Democracy How will this action on his part suit that element Some of these old liners already have expressed disappointment at the Governor s step The discussion serves to deepen the interest centering about him as the chief rival of harmon for the Democratic nomination next year But Dr Wilson has not begun his political career with an apparent effort to cater to any class in par ticular that is any class of politicians He has Wn almost defiant thus far in ignoring safety valves and distress signals and he is likely to continue in that course At least one of the old guard Colonel George Harvey has failed to find fault with


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    The Early Coins of America

    1/1/1875 Colonial

    178 THE EARLY COINTS OF AlSfERICA Be it enacted and it is hereby enacted by the Representatives of the Freemen of the State of Vermont in General assembly met and by the au thority of the same that there be and hereby is granted to the said Reuben harmon Junior Esq the exclusive right of coining Copper within this State for the term of two years from the first day of July in the present year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty five and all Coppers by him coined shall be in pieces of one third of an ounce Troy weight each with such Devices and Mottos as shall be agreed upon by the Committee appointed for that purpose by this a


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    The Early Coins of America

    1/1/1875 Colonial

    VERMONT 179 Responciblc to sd Treasurer that sd harmon will agreeable to an act Intitled an Act Granting to Reuben Harmon Juf E scjl a Right of Coining Copper Regulating the same that all tiie Coppers by sd Haiiuou Coined shall be in Pieces of one third of an ounce troy wait each that the same shall be made of good genuine metal Provided sd Harmon should at any time Coine Coppers of Wait Mettle or Motto s Contarary to said Act then this


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    Mehl's Numismatic Monthly (vol. 3 )

    1/1/1910

    heavy iron screw attached to heavy timbers above and moved by hand with ropes The lower part of the press was set in the ground and came up about 12 inches above the floor so that the man who handled the plates of copper sat on the floor with his legs hanging in the pit The mint could stamp out sixty coppers per minute and thirty was an average number The first copper coined was known as the harmon cent and is now quite rare This was issued in 1785 Obverse a high range of hills on which are eight spruce trees the sun rising just over them representing the lumber industry which has since proved of so much value In the fore ground a plo w to represent the agricultural industry Underneath was the date 1785 surrounded by the legend Vermont Res Publica Reverse a radiating eye b


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 68

    7/1/1984

    THE COLONIAL NEWSLETTER Sequential page 869 The MERGER Machin s new company joined with an existing coining firm from Rupert Vermont on June 7 1787 This firm had been in operation for almost two years under a grant issued by Vermont and had just recently obtained an eight year extention to the original grant which was to have terminated on July 1 1787 This Vermont firm was headed by Reuben harmon from Bennington County His partners were William Coley also from Bennington County Elias Jackson from Litchfield County Connecticut and Daniel Van Voorhis a goldsmith from New York City The articles of agreement between Machin s firm and Harmon s firm is also published in Crosby s The Early Coins of America The agreement is very extensive which suggests that the merged firms expected to


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    The Numismatist, February 1987

    2/1/1987 ANA Numismatist

    Frank Van Valen ANA 107439 Author Disputes Comments about Machines Mills Article In regard to Q David Bowers letter published in the December 1986 issue of The Numismatist Machin s Mills Study Contradicts Crosby Reference p 2467 had Mr Bowers read the article carefully he would have seen that his first point about hardware was explained in the second paragraph He also questioned if harmon was ac cepted as a partner since at that time Machin s group was having problems and Harmon s business was sound Regardless of whether Machin paid a premium to become part of Harmon s contract I feel Harmon was indeed accepted The third point is well taken for the caption for Figure 2 is inaccurate it should have read began striking counterfeit George III halfpences and Ver mon


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    Harper's New Monthly Magazine

    /1886 Numismatics Periodicals

    and compassion then turn ed away He had always been a man that acted promptly upon his convictions and the purposes that he had formed in his mind Doubtless his action was now accelerated somewhat by Jane s interference in his opinion wholly unwarrantable A day or two after this brief conversation hap pening to meet Mr Griggs in the road he said after multitudes of preliminary words harmon ain t it cur ous how deaths in famblies does fetch a man down an fetch him up also likeways in his feelin s I declar the makin o that cof fin fer your little Betsy an your of mak in o that lovely coffin fer my po wife an which I know the same as ef I were thar myself this very minute that she s in mansions in the sky them coffins has somehow them same blessed coffins Har


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    The Coin Dealer Newsletter: 1994

    /1994 Numismatics Periodicals

    PM Friday September 9 1994 Door Prizes 300 Dealers Free Admission Directions to the Meadowlands Convention Center 1 FROM NORTH RTS 80 95 GEORGE WASHINGTON BRIDGE Take NJ Turnpike South when it divides use the Eastern Spur towards the Lincoln Tunnel Take Exit 17 stay right towards Secaucus immediately after paying toll Go straight through traffic light and over bridge You are now on harmon Meadow Bivd Go to first light and turn onto Plaza Drive Convention Center is on your left 2 FROM SOUTH NEWARK AIRPORT Take NJ Turnpike North Affien it divides use the Eastern Spur towards the Lincoln Tunnel Take Exit 16E keep left toward Secaucus Go straight through traffic light and over bridge You are now on Harmon Meadow Blvd Go to first light and turn right to Plaza Drive Conv


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    Coin Collector's Journal, vol. 1

    1/1/1876

    g ties that in 1787 made one united nation of them all the indi vidual States as well as the general government exercised the privilege of coining money The impoverished state of the country at the end of the revolutionary war can be illustrated by the importance attached to the establishing of a few mints where copper coins only and of the low r est denominations were struck In 1785 Eeuben harmon Jr Esq of Rupert in the county of Bennington as he is quaintly stiled in an old document now before us petitioned the legislature of Vermont then in session at Norwich for the right of coining cojiper money with in that State Mr Harmon met with no difficulty whatever in pro curing the approval of his project by the general assembly a commit tee was appointed to cooperate with him in the


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    The Asylum Spring 1994

    4/1/1994

    18 The Asylum much expense incurred in the building of the mint a small 16x18 foot building and about 60 coins per minute could be struck although 30 was the usual number are used by most writers of the early copper coinage of Vermont The size of the building is information from B H Hall and the rate of striking the coins is from a letter to Hall from Julian harmon Reuben s grandson The expenses of building details are from a petition presented to the Vermont legislature on October 23rd 1786 the bill being passed the next day extending Hannon s right to coin for eight more years than the two originally granted Crosby cites three letters from B H Hall to Charles Bushnell in the mid 1850 s that contain most of the historical data that is available toda


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    Coin Collector's Journal, vol. 1

    1/1/1875

    g ties that in 1787 made one united nation of them all the indi vidual States as well as the general government exercised the privilege of coining money The impoverished state of the country at the end of the revolutionary war can be illustrated by the importance attached to the establishing of a few mints where copper coins only and of the low r est denominations were struck In 1785 Eeuben harmon Jr Esq of Rupert in the county of Bennington as he is quaintly stiled in an old document now before us petitioned the legislature of Vermont then in session at Norwich for the right of coining cojiper money with in that State Mr Harmon met with no difficulty whatever in pro curing the approval of his project by the general assembly a commit tee was appointed to cooperate with him in the


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 103

    9/1/1996

    THE COLONIAL NEWSLETTER September 1996 Sequential page 1655 IN SEARCH OF TN 172 REUBEN harmon S VERMONT MINT AND THE ORIGINAL MINT SITE from Rob Retz Jeff Rock and Dick Thies The day after the Stack s auction in June 1994 three colonial nuts went out in search of numismatic history Our goals were to examine the Connecticut coppers in the collection of the Connecticut State Library for a day and then drive over the Green Mountains to view the Vermont coppers in the collection of th


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 17

    3/1/1966

    b also appear as overstrikes on the same kinds of undertypes and have the same style of horseheads and sprigs as these dies This suggests the possibility that Brasher made them These are muled with Van Voorhis dies and also appear on large planchets which facts lead to the speculation that Ogden obtained Morristown planchets when Symmes and Mould set out for Ohio The agreement between Reuben harmon s group in Rupert Vermont and Thomas Machin s group in Newburgh N Y has been thought to have been made so that Harmon could obtain dies from James F Atlee of Machin s Mills The writer believes that the dies accredited by Crosby to Atlee were actually made by Daniel Van Voorhis and that what Harmon needed was not dies since he could get plenty from Van Voorhis but planchets When rela


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 68

    7/1/1984

    7 the intent to establish a copper coinage in the state was abandoned This left Machin and his newly formed company little hope of obtaining a grant from New York State However there was still the possibility of obtaining a grant from Congress another state or to join with persons who had already obtained a grant Wasting little time on June 7 1787 Machin and his partners joined with Ruben harmon and his partners Harmon had a mint at Rupert Vermont which he had been operating for almost two years under a grant from Vermont On October 24 1786 Harmon had negotiated a new contract which extended his coinage rights for eight more years starting July 1 1787 It is thought that Harmon joined with Machin because James F Atlee Machin s partner and experienced die sinker could provide a r


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 1



    e published by Tony Carlot to in 1998 as well with those the cataloguer has over the years provided in other auction lot descriptions he has authored Vermont coppers were the first coins struck by a soverign nation in the continental United States of America Ver mont was not part of the USA in 1785 and its coins were an expression of its independence The state of Vermont authorized Reuben harmon Jr of Rupert to strike copper halfpenny equivalents in 1785 Harmon set up his crude mint in Rupert and struck coins bearing types that remain unique in the early American series The landscape type as it is called shows on the obverse a hilly tree covered Vermont vista of the sort familiar to any visitor to that state even today The sun can be seen rising behind the hills and there is a pl


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    Gobrecht Journal Index, Issues #1-120

    /2014 Numismatics

    Dime With Repunched Date 3 7 1 1990 48 130 Zitz John na 5 1848 0 A More Precise Method for Attribution of Liberty Seated Half Dime Vari 4 7 1 1991 51 117 Crain Stephen A na 5 1848 p The Large Date 1848 8 Half Dime A Discovery Piece 4 11 1 1991 52 145 Blythe Al Yes 5 1848 p The 1848 Half Dime With Far Right Date 4 3 1 1993 56 148 Zitz John Yes 5 1848 0 The 1848 0 Half Dimes 4 3 1 1993 56 153 harmon William A Yes 5 1848 p A Planchet Lamination on an 1848 Half Dime 4 7 1 1993 57 152 Wells Andrew Yes 5 1848 0 Letter to the Editor Comments on Previous Article 4 7 1 1993 57 165 Jones Stewart W na 5 1848 p More on the 1848 Half Dime with a Far Right Date 4 7 1 1993 57 150 Harmon William Yes 5 1848 p Better Research Needed For New Valentine Varieties 4 7 1 1995 63 135 Harmon William A na


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    The Numismatist, February 1987

    2/1/1987 ANA Numismatist

    Vermont Ryder ttlO was struck with dies pro duced by Abel Buell led him into an agreement with harmon However something went wrong for we know that Abel Buell abandoned the master complex hub and returned to more conventional methods to produce his 1787 dies Whether or not Harmon intend ed to obtain complete hubs from Buell is unknown We do know that William Buell arrived in Rupert with dies that re quired finishing and that Coley left New York City early in 1787 with date and letter punc


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    Harper's New Monthly Magazine

    /1886 Numismatics Periodicals

    led by the testatrix her well beloved niece two negro girls an indefi nite number of horses cattle and swine and three hundred dollars in specie money There it is you see now said Ben to the Gillams what ma s to do now with the heart disease I can t see But Ben always declared that it was not himself and he didn t know who it was for certain that first started the re port that harmon Griggs foreseeing the present state of things had been having his eye on Miss Spears ever since she had been sojourning at Mrs Rainwater s and especially since the latter had been threat ened by the heart disease or some kindred malady and that he had been waiting for the demise of Mrs Pounds before propos ing to appropriate to himself Miss Spears together with her expected legacy when


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    Garrett Collection Sales for the Johns Hopkins University



    Bowers and Ruddy Galleries U S Colonials Copper Coinage of Vermont Of the several states which issued copper coins during the 1 780s the earliest was Vermont an independent area which was not for mally a state until its admittance to the Union in 1791 Reuben Har mon Jr of Rupert Bennington County was granted the right to coin coppers in 1 785 Years later Julian harmon a grandson of Reuben Harmon Jr described the coining operation The mint house stood on Pawlet River three rods from Reuben Harmon Jr s house a story and a half house not painted a furnace in one end for melting copper and rolling the bars and in the other west end machinery for stamping and in the center that for cutting The stamping was done by means of an iron screw attached t


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    FEATURED WEB PAGE: VERMONT COPPERS 1785-1788

    05/15/2011

    Vermont proclaimed itself to be an independent republic and remained so until admitted to the union as the fourteenth state on March 4 1791 The Republic of Vermont became the first American local government to authorize and establish a mint to produce coins On June 10 1785 the House of Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont appointed a three member committee to study a petition from Reuben harmon Jr requesting that he be allowed to mint copper coins a fourth committee member was added from the upper chamber known as the Governor s Council Five days later on June 15th the committee presented an act to the legislature that would grant Harmon an exclusive two year right to mint coppers within the Republic starting July 1 1785 It was stipulated the coppers had to weigh one third of a


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    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 48

    3/1/1977

    March 1977 THE COLONIAL NEWSLETTER Sequential page 580 Mr Hall had Informed Mr Bushnell In a letter of March 3 1886 that William Cooley had made the dies used at the Rupert mint and had assisted In striking the coins Later he transmitted a letter dated June 14 1855 In which Julian harmon stated that his father son of the mint owner Ruben Harmon thought that William Buell had cut the dies for the mint and had assisted In the strlling By June 4 1858 Mr Hall had found that the mint house originally erected on Mlllbrook had been later moved to the banks of the Pawlet River and that coining had been carried on In it at both locations In considering these bits of testimony it


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    The C4 Newsletter: Spring 2016

    3/1/2016

    C4 Newsletter Accordingly die steel would have been procured elsewhere in the city and the engraving work performed at the shop Various sources describe harmon s Vermont mill as a wooden structure that was either 16 x 18 or 18 x 24 43 It is accepted by numismatists that this tiny structure provided sufficient space for all the equipment including a forge and screw press necessary for coinage production Based on maps prepared by the Barclays Bank excavation team 44 Van Voorhis shop cellar was approximately 18 x 37 which means it had either 1


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    The Numismatist, April 2010

    4/1/2010

    PHOTOS STACK S 055_064_text_Layout 1 3 12 10 11 51AM Page 63 Rupert Vermont These may have been of the Landscape type as an other 1855 dated letter using infor mation from Abel Buell s grandson notes that Buell s son William moved to Vermont to work for harmon tak ing dies cut by Abel Buell himself To a non numismatist hubs and dies may have been indistinguish able Harmon s own grandson Julian thinks Wm Buel of N Haven cut the dies as noted in a letter written to pioneering 19th century numismatist Charles Bushnell After early 1787 when a single rare variety Ryder 15 was produced using Buell s familiar design punches no authentic Ver


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    The C4 Newsletter: Spring 2015

    3/1/2015

    ddress a good conversationalist and much in demand tor the drawing up of minor legal papers and the settling of neighborhood disputes Magazine of Western History vol IV 1886 p 61 Reuben s death and the debts from the stolen money plunged his widow and children into momentary poverty Undated image of the salt springs in Weathersfield Ohio At the time of his father s death John Brown harmon was almost twenty six years old Prior to the family s move to Ohio in 1800 John studied medicine with his brother in law Dr Jonathan Blackmer in Rupert Vermont The reason John accompanied his father on the trip back to Vermont in 1806 was so he could continue his medical studies and work with Dr Blackmer In 1808 Dr Harmon returned to Ohio where he became the first physician to regularl


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    The C4 Newsletter: Spring 2015

    3/1/2015

    C4 Newsletter his early home and also hers passing six weeks of May and June in that pleasant manner He found the remains of his father s old copper mill still at Rupert and several boys like himself grown to be seventy and eighty years of age Nevin O Winter ed Biographical History of Northwestern Ohio Chicago The Lewis Pub Co 189 p 425 Dr John harmon died on February 7 1858 While there is no known image or physical description of Reuben Harmon Jr there is a drawing of Dr John B Harmon who shared many of the same physical characteristics as his father Indeed an old settler John Ewals is recorded as saying of Reuben that h e was the smartest man I ever knew and Doctor John B is exacth like him Looks like him walks like him is


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    The Coin Collector's Journal

    9/1/1945 Numismatics Periodicals

    The Coin Collector s Journal THE COINS OF COLONIAL AMERICA BY PHARES O SIGLER CHAPTER IX VERMONT Vermont passed an act on June 15 1785 granting to Reuben harmon Jr of Rupert the exclusive right to mint coppers for two years His subsequent activities pursuant to this authority gave Vermont the honor of being the first state to mint copper The act required him to post a bond of 5 000 pounds and specified that the coins should weigh one third of an ounce and have such devices and mottoes as should be determined by a committee appointed for that purpose


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    Pine Tree proudly presents The Early American Coppers Society Convention public auction sale ... featuring the Connecticut collection ... [02/15/1975]



    f this issue been known thought not yet described in print some of the rarer ones being discovered only during the 1950 s In the collection to follow we use the following references BB Breen Bressett A set of photographic plates issued a bout 1957 by Kenneth E Bressett using a numbering system devised by Walter Breen Nos 1 through 24 were issued by the legal Rupert Mint under Reuben harmon Col William Colely and William Buel nos 101 112 were issued by Machin s Mill Newburgh N Y other varieties are known today RR Ryder Richardson John M Richardson The Copper Coins of Vermont Numismatist reprint 1947 using the old Ryder numbering system first published by Hillyer Ryder in The State Coinages of New England American Numismatic Society NY 1920 Nos 33 and latter


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    Harper's Weekly

    1/1/1913 Numismatics; Periodicals

    inley compelled the nomination of Bryan in place of Bland or Boies 1900 The situation reversed 1904 The nomination of Roosevelt compelled the nomination of Parker in place of Bryan or Cockrell 1908 The nomination of Taft compelled the nomination of Bryan in place of Parker or any conservative Therefore in 1912 the renomination of Taft will compel the nomination of Wilson in place of harmon just as the nomination of La Follette woidd comjxd the nomination of Harmon in place of Wilson Why Obviously but one theme of inquiry demands con sideration Who is tlie real Antithesis of Taft Br an Yes as in 1008 But Bryan s races have been run Gaynor Yes but Gaynor is disqual fied by Fate Folk Yes but Folk clearly is out chvs sed Champ Clark Theoretically perhaps but pract


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    Harper's Weekly

    1/1/1913 Numismatics; Periodicals

    its adversary A single in stance will at once illus trate and somewhat support tlie idea When the Re publicans nominated McKinley a conservative the Democrats nominated Bryan a radical when the Republicans nominated Roosevelt a radical the Demo crats equally faced about by nominating Parker a conservative The law seems pretty well proven by this appeal to history and that Taft and harmon are alike in more respects than they are unlike is pretty conclusively shown by the analysis The nomination of Taft by the Republicans assured the nomination of Harmon by the Democratic party would make it the exponent of stand patisrn and the Republican party the exponent of cautious progressivisin whereas the nomination of Wilson would make the Democratic party the exjKmcnt of intelligent


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    Coin Collector's Journal, vol. 1

    1/1/1876

    18 January any benefit of this act shall enter into a bond of five thousand pounds to the Treasurer of this State with two or more good and sufficient sureties freeholders of this State conditioned that all the copper by him coined as aforesaid shall be of full weight as specified in this Act and that the same shall be of good and genuine metal After some expense incurred in buildings harmon got his works in operation The mint house was located near the north east corner of the town of Rupert a little east of the main road leading from Dorset to Pawlet on a small stream of water called Mill brook which emp ties into Pawlet river Like most other mint houses established in the various States it was a small building sixteen by eighteen feet made of rough materials clapboarded


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    America's Copper Coinage-1783-1857: Coinage of the Americas Conference Proceedings No. 1

    /1985 Large Cents Half Cents Washington Cents

    6 through fledgling America s fighting and win ning of the Revolutionary War against Great Britain to the ratifica tion of the Constitution in 1788 It was during this time that the legislatures of three of the original states and the colony of Vermont authorized coinage issues Vermont later to become the fourteenth state was the first to issue a coinage patent which was granted to Reuben harmon Jr on June 15 1785 a full four months ahead of any other state Harmon s original right to coin coppers was ex clusive and Vermont required no compensation fact the legislature was to be his partner only in that it dictated the coinage design elements Harmon s association in 1787 with the Machin s Mill partnership further broadens the historical appeal of this series To collectors th


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    Gobrecht Journal #62

    3/15/1995

    continue the use of Valentine numbers by assigning new numbers to varieties as they have been discovered A listing of the newly identified Valentine varieties is given below Newly Identified Valentine Varieties Date Number Description Comments 1839 0 V 7 Significant die crack from elbow to date Not listed in 1 992 half dime book 1840 O ND V 8 Large 0 Formally V 7 and corrected as a result of harmon article 1840 O ND V 9 1 840 1 840 O Small o Flat head Not listed in 1992 half dime book 1841 V 5 1841 1841 Not listed in 1 992 half dime book 1841 0 V 6 1841 1841 0 Not listed in 1 992 half dime book 1842 V 1a Retained die break on reverse Not listed in 1 992 half dime book 1847 V la Repunched 18 Not listed in 1 992 half dime book w w V w Jk II 1 j 1 1 11 1 Jk 1 1 1 1 1


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    Missouri Journal of Numismatics, Vol. 13

    8/1/1988 Numismatics Missouri

    egal coppers and made passing illicit coppers subject to confiscation and to penalty Because of this action by New York State there remained three options for Machin s company to succeed to solicit from Congress or another state a coinage contract or to merge with another company having an existing coining agreement Thomas Machin had five partners and on June 7 1787 they joined with Ruben harmon and his partners in the manufacture of Vermont Coinage Harmon had a mint at Rupert Vermont which had been operating since July 1 1785 and on October 24 1786 Ruben Harmon negotiated a new contract with the Republic of Vermont Harmon s con tract which now affected Machin and his partners was extended for eight more years beginning on July 1 1787 Thus when Machin s Mills started opera


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    The Early Coins of America

    1/1/1875 Colonial

    VERMONT The first State that can be said to have issued a coinage of copper was Vermont not one of the original thirteen States neither was slie then considered one of the United States of America not being admitted to the Union until 1791 A petition was presented by Reuben harmon Jr pi obably June 10th 1785 as we find recorded in the Journal of the House Friday June 10 1785 Two o clock P M A petition signed Reuben Harmon Jun praying for leave to coin a quantity of copper c being read was referred to a Committee of three to join a Committee from the Council to take the same under consideration state facts make report of their opinion to this House


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    Coin Collector's Journal, vol. 1

    1/1/1875

    18 January any benefit of this act shall enter into a bond of five thousand pounds to the Treasurer of this State with two or more good and sufficient sureties freeholders of this State conditioned that all the copper by him coined as aforesaid shall be of full weight as specified in this Act and that the same shall be of good and genuine metal After some expense incurred in buildings harmon got his works in operation The mint house was located near the north east corner of the town of Rupert a little east of the main road leading from Dorset to Pawlet on a small stream of water called Mill brook which emp ties into Pawlet river Like most other mint houses established in the various States it was a small building sixteen by eighteen feet made of rough materials clapboarded


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    Missouri Journal of Numismatics, Vol. 21

    7/1/1996

    as of June 1 1787 was founded in New Haven Connecticut As the coinage of Connecticut constitutes a date set of 1785 1786 1787 and 1788 it is fair to pre sume that this operation was car ried on at a different location after the closing of the mint in New Haven Abel Buell sailed for Europe after the mint in New Haven Connecticut ceased to operate William Buell Abel s son and Reuben harmon of Vermont formed a partnership to continue the Connecticut copper coinage using the Connecticut dies Abel left to William from the New Haven mint Reuben Harmon was also involved in a partnership with Samuel Atlee and Thomas Machin in 1787 Since Reuben Harmon was a part ner in the Machin Mills establishment and also a partner with William Buell in Rupert Vermont it is highly proba ble that


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    Everett Sipsey Correspondence, 1964

    /1964 Numismatics Correspondence Colonial currency Colonial currency Continental currency

    r may have made for Machin three Vermont dies Ryder 13 obs and 2 obs and rev and several dies for counterfeit British half pence These were us d separately and muled with dies of counterfeits 14 that had oreviously been obtained from Van Voorhis Since varieties of 1787 Vermont coopers the ones with Buell s devise punches are found struck over NOVA CONSTELLATIOs we might presume that harmon in his search for planchets before the Machin Mill s agreement had contacted persons with a left over supply of such coins As has been shown above not with any primary proof it is agreed that Ephraim Brasher was connected with the NOVA CONSTELLATIOs then maybe Harmon bought the left overs from him and perhaps inadvertently obtained an old worn IMMUNE COLUMBIA die in the load Harmon s ea


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    Gobrecht Journal #71

    3/15/1998

    right side of the u pright of the 4 A final feature to note would be the left edge of the base of the 4 relative to the denticles The left edge of the base of the 4 is over the center of a denticle on the V 7 variety while this edge is over the space between denticles on the V 8 variety 1840 V 7 Half Dime 1840 V 8 Half Dime Shortly after making this discovery I contacted half dime experts Bill harmon and Al Blythe and told them about my find I also had close up pictures of both varieties taken by Tom Mulvaney so that I could more easily study the die characteristics of both varieties After careful review of these photographs Bill Harmon and Al Blythe both concluded that I had indeed discovered a new obverse for the 1840 With Drapery half dime It was agreed that this new variety should be


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    Calcoin News, vol. 19, no. 2

    3/1/1965

    ed as an undistinguished outbuilding The own er Robert Graf remembers as a boy finding a few coppers when it was moved There is no record that any of the machinery was saved It appears to have been destroyed in about 1800 when it was found in the woods on the side of Rupert s Mt Antony where people believed it was being used by counterfeiters Because of the expense of getting started harmon in 1786 requested a two year extension and was granted a total of eight years by the Assembly During the first three years he was to be free from paying compensation to the state for the coinage privilege but after that he was to pay the state two and a half percent of all the cop per coined As it turned out Harmon never had to pay the state anything since his mint ceased operation before th


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