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    lewyn

    The Colonial Newsletter, no. 129

    12/1/2005

    is possible that after the New Bern silversmith engraved the plates he enlisted Davis as a subcontractorto handle the actual printing of the bills Such collaboration may have also occurred in the production of the next issue which relied again on engraved copper plates The crafting of plates for North Carolina s 1 776 bills is attributed to another smith to one who lived in Maryland Gabriel lewyn Evidence of Lewyn s involvement with this currency can be found within engraved designs on some 1 776 bills namely the incorporation of the initials GL If Lewyn were indeed responsible for the entire 1776 issue he either printed the money in Maryland and shipped the unsigned unnumbered and uncut sheets to North Carolina or he shipped his copper plates there most likely to Davis w


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 15



    n paper currency and is certainly worthy of its own monograph The issue was quite immense with 1 250 000 500 000 of these Bills of Credit created on two different resolution dates Like the 1775 Hillsborough notes the engraved date was the beginning of the legisla tive session These were printed from engraved copper plates ordered from Baltimore and crafted by silver and goldsmith Gabriel lewyn Some of the denomination s border cuts are signed by him with his initials GL There is no detailed research about Lewyn work on the plates he cut Lewyn s prolific period was from 1770 to 1780 at his shop located on Gay Street The spelling of his name is not clear cut and it may have been Liwyn based on his church records Some of his signed silver is known and it is very rare The reason fo


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    NEWMAN COLLECTION COLONIAL CURRENCY MONOGRAMS

    12/18/2016

    th Toothed Border of Triangles Monogram Fr NC 156e www HA com 241622 012193 This is the first of two 1 2 notes with monograms and engravers initials in the upper left corner The lower left monogram is intricate and the letters appear to be quot LAC quot in white on a dark background Around the perimeter is a toothed border of triangles A horizontal quot GL quot for silversmith Gabriel lewyn appears in Roman type at the upper left corner This rare type was missing from the Boyd Collection Noted with quot Splits and Minor Damage Tape Repairs on Back quot The face is bright and the note maintains excellent eye appeal Lot 901701 North Carolina April 2 1776 1 2 GL in White Script with Toothed Border of Radial Lines Monogram This second style 1 2 monogram note is the last


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    The 52 Collection, Art & Security on American Paper Currencies



    ou h Au wl r O and the l if trty of e the Pt ijt xxxxx X oc FORTY dollars PritiitJ by Jamxi Davh 1778 Diminutive Early Scrip Note North Carolina Currency April 2 1776 at Halifax Six Dollars Squirrel About Uncirculated 53 EPQ PMG No 9127 Signed by J Bradford B enjamin McCulloch W illis Alston and J Webb Printed on laid paper from plates engraved by Gabriel lewyn Baltimore Uniface Squirrel eats nut lower left ornate title top Elaborate border cut left This is not the rarest type among the 56 denominations and vignettes from this series but it is a choice example The paper quality is top flight The margins are complete One short back endorsement 1 000 1 500 From a Private Collection North Carolina Currency April 2 1776 at Halifax Fifteen D


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    The Numismatist, October 1999

    10/1/1999 ANA Numismatist

    ed dollar However eventually 40 dollars in currency was needed to buy one piece of eight if you succeeded in finding anybody gullible enough to make the swap Mas sive counterfeiting eventually inspired bi color printing but by then the notes were not worth forging anyway North Carolina s early revolutionary notes closely resemble its late colonial issues Balti more silversmith Gabriel lewyn prepared plates for every conceivable denomination a necessity for making change in such a coin poor environment His vignettes often reflected prevailing social senti ment Consider for example his early representations of an American eagle with the motto DEUS NOBISCUM May God Be with Us the first American flag with his hallmark GL at lower left on a 772 bill and a rattlesnake w


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    America's Money, America's Story

    /2008

    America s Money America s Story philosopher among other things The Revolutionary period acted as a forcing ground for this sort of activity positively coercing people with a mastery of one area to try their luck in another Nathaniel Hurd and Paul Revere of Massachusetts had been silver smiths and then became currency engravers So did Gabriel lewyn and Thomas Sparrow of Maryland And a South Carolina artist named Thomas Coram who was not making much money on canvas would turn to copper plates and make a good deal more for a state rather than for himself Such artisans did their bit for the war effort And in a neat sharing of labor many people better known in military capacity signed some of the state and national notes their artist fri


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    America's Money, America's Story

    /2008

    enry 1 89 Kuchler Conrad Heinrich 70 Kuwait 197 198 La Plata 8 Lafayette marquis de 88 175 Landscape coppers 51 52 Lane Joseph 115 Lazy Deuce note 1 51 Lee Robert E 1 29 1 39 1 40 1 51 leeuwendaaler see lion dollar Legal Tender Notes 1 47 1 49 1 61 1 83 Leggett Keatinge Ball 1 29 Lewis and Clark Exposition 175 Lewis and Clark nickels 207 Lewis Meriwether 207 208 lewyn Gabriel 44 Lexington Green 38 Libertas Americana medal 67 Liberty Bell 201 Liebler T A 150 Liliuokalani queen of Hawaii 165 Lima 8 33 76 Lincoln Memorial 173 200 Lincoln Abraham 99 123 124 125 126 133 142 144 145 147 149 151 157 172 173 183 200 Lindenmueller Gustavus 144 lion dollar 1 1 Lisbon 10 lithography 126 128 log cabin 16 London 28 37 Long Island 21


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    The Early Paper Money of America

    /2008 Numismatics; Paper money

    MD 1780 MA 1780 NH 1780 NJ 1780 NY 1780 PA 1780 RI 1780 VA 1780 Harrison William Jr NY 1795 PA 1795 Holt John NY 1775 1781 Hopkinson Francis CC 1778 79 Hunter William VA 1757 58 Hurd Nathaniel NH 1742 45 MA 1776 Johnston Thomas RI 1743 48 Kline Reynolds PA 1789 Kollock S NJ 1790 Lancaster W GA 1778 Leech Thomas DE 1734 60 NJ 1733 37 PA 1739 72 Leroux Charles NY 1734 37 lewyn Gabriel NC 1776 Loudon Samuel NY 1776 1786 Mandeville Co NY 1790 Mandeville Westcott NY 1790 Massey Joseph SC 1703 1723 NY 1790 Maverick Peter R NY 1786 1788 1799 Morse Nathaniel CT 1733 MA 1736 Newmarch Joseph NH 1759 Olipliant James SC 1775 Parker James NJ 1755 64 NY 1746 56 Power Nicholas NY 1791 Purdie Alexander VA 1776


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    Money of Pre-Federal America: Coinage of the Americas Conference Proceedings No. 7

    /1992 Colonial Pre-Federal

    engraver thought he was cutting in mirror image The result was two vertical sides to the B which makes it appear somewhat like an H This error is evident in the July 22 1776 and all subsequent issues of the 5 denomination In the North Carolina 5 Triton design the date is intended to be April 2d 1776 as on other denominations but appears as April d2 1776 fig 6 The engraver Gabriel lewyn of Baltimore forgot for the moment that he was supposed to be cutting from right to left and was supposed to place the number and the letter in revers ed order even though he did remember to cut each of them in the proper mirror image In the May 15 1779 North Carolina issue the top border cut con tains the words No Carolina Currency in white script letters on Twenty Five Dollars


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    Money of Pre-Federal America: Coinage of the Americas Conference Proceedings No. 7

    /1992 Colonial Pre-Federal

    6 differently designed vignettes ranging from eight varieties for one denomination down to one for a denomination Each bill has a different vignette and there is no rela tionship between the vignettes and the denomination The vignettes include mammals birds fish reptiles insects food mythological beings man made objects and insignia Uniformity of a denomination is desirable but Gabriel lewyn the Baltimore engraver must have looked upon his assignment as an artistic challenge His best known note is the 7 50 denomination with an intermediate state of the American flag combining a British Union with 13 stripes a compromise position as to the outcome of the American Revolution fig 21


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    John J. Ford, Jr. Collection of Coins, Medals and Currency, Part 17



    y and the exemplary offering of notes of this issue in the Ford XV sale certainly bore this out The issue was immense with 1 250 000 500 000 Pounds of these Bills of Credit created on two different resolu tion dates The engraved date was the beginning of the legislative session These were printed from engraved copper plates ordered from and crafted by Baltimore silver and goldsmith Gabriel lewyn Some of the denomination s border cuts are signed by him with his initials GL These are 56 vignette types used on sixteen different denominations The reason for the use of fifty six different vignettes on the notes can only be conjectured at this point As a series they cer tainly are reminiscent of the Georgia color seal notes from 1776 and 1777 All the notes were printed uniface on many


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    Paper Money (September/October 1997)

    9/1/1997 Numismatics

    ed States We are familiar with most of the different American flag designs how ever the first unofficial American flag with the tie to Great Britain does appear on a piece of paper money Seventeen dif ferent denominations of colonial North Carolina paper money 1 16 to 20 bear the date of April 2 1776 Some notes in cluding the 7 2 bear the initials Gl for the engraver Gabriel lewyn The designs of these notes included a potpourri of symbols alligators beetles lions squirrels and owls among them These notes also included monograms a vase of flowers hunter dog and target and that first unofficial American flag The design of this 7 2 note from North Carolina is unique in this re spect It reminds of what our predecessors accepted as their banner and the need to


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    Harper's New Monthly Magazine

    /1890 Numismatics Periodicals

    guests To another branch of the family alsa on the ascent such a misalliance was probably distasteful The Northampton Mayor s second son Lawrence had like his father studied law at Gray s Inn he married into the high family of Newce and became Register of the High Court of Chancery His son Lawrence came into the same office was knighted in 1627 and married Anne daughter of William lewyn D C L Sir John Isham married Judith Anne s sister The son of this Sir Lawrence married a wealthy lady Elianor Guise and one of their daughters Martha became Lady Tyrrell in 1630 In none of the wills of the Washing tons Pargiters or any of the family now very large in 1632 3 and thereafter is any allusion found to the Washingtons of Tring and Luton In none after the marriage wi


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